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Ljubomir Miloš (1919, Bosanski Šamac – 1948, Zagreb) was an official of the Croatian World War II regime. As an Ustaše, he was the head of the Independent State of Croatia secret service (Tajna služba).

Miloš was also a commandant in the notorious Jasenovac concentration camp. He was second in rank, under the administration of Ivica Matković. He was a very sadistic and pathological commander.[1][2][3] He did not tolerate escape attempts, for any of which he would order collective punishments in the hundreds. Miloš was often seen riding his horse,[4] trampling and shooting inmates or killing emaciated inmates,[5] who stretched their hands out for food, as they were fed with one meal of fodder made of cattle turnip.[6]

Miloš pretended to be a doctor of medicine. Witness Flumiani Milan stated:

"[as] soon as we arrived, the seventeen of us, to Jasenovac, Ustase beat us with rifle butts and took us to the Brick Factory, where Milos Ljubo had already lined up two groups, while we arrived as a special third group. Maricic asked Ljubo Milos, ‘Who should I aim at first?’ And Milos replied, ‘Where there’s more of them’, and both of them pointed automatic rifles at the forty men from the first two groups and shot them all.
After that he asked the first man from our group why he came here, and when that man replied that he is guilty for being born a Serb, he shot him at the spot. Then he picked out Laufer, a lawyer from Zagreb, and asked him what he was, and when he replied, he called out him like this — ‘I like lawyers very much, come closer’ — and killed him right away.
Then he found out that a third man was a doctor from Zagreb, and he ordered him to examine the first two men and to establish whether they were dead.
When the doctor confirmed that they were, he turned to the fourth man and when he found out that he too was a doctor, he ‘forgave’ the whole group." (State Commission, p. 30)

Additionally, whenever a transport of Jews came into the camp, Miloš would dress up as a physician, have the guards bring him the people who needed medical help, take them to an "ambulance", put them against a wall, and "with a strike of the knife cut the victim's throat, shear his ribs and slit open his belly." He was highly proud of this "ritual slaughter of the 'Yids' [Jews]"[7][8] Miloš also had other mental disorders, he grew a wolf-hound, "Foxy"[9] and taught it to assault inmates.[10] He took as an acolyte an Ustase-youth member, Marijan[11] and taught him to beat and kill inmates. "Five Orthodox priests were led out... They were ordered to sing hymns... One of them, a man of over eighty... was immediately beaten with rifle butts... [O]ne of the Ustashi - a child of twelve years old - bent over the old man and took out his dagger. In a moment, he had cut off both the priest's ears. He turned grinning to his companions, saying: I'll show them at home tomorrow what sort of ears a Vlach priest has! The Ustashi seized the other four... Miloš set their beards on fire. Then, after such terrible tortures, they killed them."[citation needed] In line with the Nazi heritage, Miloš was also very strict: he would view inmates who went to empty their bowls in large pits used as latrines, and would kill those who would pee even a few inches away from his liking, and he watched the weaker ones fall into the feces-polluted waters below.[12][13] He even had a man who stole a cob of corn tied to a pillar, and poured water on him in the winter of 1941 or 1942, rendering him into a frozen statue.[14]

Miloš was caught by the Yugoslav police (on 20 July 1947) after the war during an attempted rebellion, put on trial for the crimes he committed during the war, convicted, sentenced to death, and executed in 1948.[15]

See also

References

  1. Zločini u logoru Jasenovac, Zemaljska komisija Hrvatske za utvrđivanje zločina okupatora i njihovih pomagača (Zagreb, 1946)
  2. Jasenovac: Proceedings of the First International Conference and Exhibit on the Jasenovac Concentration Camps: 29–31 October 1997, Kingsborough Community College of the City University of New York by Wanda Schindley, Petar Makara, Dallas Pub., 1997, p. 289
    Dr. Maček was in custodio onesta and was interned for a while in Jasenovac. And when they become more familiar because they slept in the same room - Dr. Maček noticed that Miloš prayed every night before going to bed. Finally, he ventured the question, and he said, "How do you combine your Catholicism with the task you are performing in this camp?". "Don't ask me anything", replied Miloš. "I know that I'll burn in the hell - for everything I have done and for everything I'm going to do. But, I'll burn for Croatia."
  3. Blank Pages of the Holocaust: Gypsies in Yugoslavia During World War II by Elizabeta Jevtic, Bringham Young University: 2004; see [1] - Jakob Danon testimony, p. 113
  4. ג'ורו שווארץ, "במחנות המוות של יאסנובאץ", יד-ושם, חוברת מחקרים כ"ה (Djuro Schwartz, "In the Jasenovac camps of death"); p. 319
  5. State-commission, p. 30
  6. Danon, Sadik (2002). The Smell of Human Flesh: A Witness of the Holocaust: Memories of Jasenovac. S. Mašić. ISBN 86-7598-017-5, ISBN 978-86-7598-017-9. 
  7. Aaron, Mark and Loftus, John (1998). Unholy Trinity: The Vatican, the Nazis, and the Swiss Banks. Macmillan. p. 111. http://books.google.com/books?id=HXxew8zc1GQC&pg=PA111&dq=Ljubo+Milo%C5%A1. 
  8. State-commission for the investigation of the crimes of the occupation forces and their collaborators", pp. 30, 31
  9. Djuro Schwartz, pg. 319
  10. "Sećanja Jevreja na logor Jasenovac" by Dušan Sindik, Savez jevrejskih opština Jugoslavije 1972, p. 154: Then the Ustashe butchers came: Ljubo Miloš along with a wolfhound and Ustashe lieutant Pero Brzica who started /from the left flank of the human formation/ interrogating what were the occupations of these people.
  11. Schwartz, ibid., p. 322
  12. Schwartz, ibid., pp. 304, 305, 309 and 322
  13. "Sadik Danon testimony". http://www.srpska-mreza.com/History/ww2/book/Danon/Talet.doc. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  14. "Sadik Danon testimony, ibid.". http://www.srpska-mreza.com/History/ww2/book/Danon/Pillar.doc. Retrieved 2013-05-15. 
  15. Tito Speaks: His Self Portrait and Struggle with Stalin, by Vladimir Dedijer, Josip Broz Tito, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1953, p. 377

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