Military Wiki
Liwa al-Quds
Participant in Syrian Civil War
Emblem of Liwa Al-Quds.svg
Active September 2013–present[1]
Ideology Pro-Syrian government
Palestinian nationalism
Groups Lions of al-Quds Battalion
Deterrence Battalion
Lions of al-Shahba’ Battalion[2]
Aleppo Defenders Corps[3]

Muhammad al-Sa’eed (a.k.a. “The Engineer”)[2]

Col. Mohammad Rafi[4]
(operations commander)[5]
Headquarters Aleppo[2]

Flag of the Syrian Arab Armed Forces.svg Syrian Armed Forces
National Defence Forces
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg Ba'ath Brigades
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah

Opponents Free Syrian Army
Islamic Front
Al-Nusra Front
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Liwa al-Quds (Arabic language: لواء القدس‎) or the Jerusalem Brigade is a Sunni Palestinian pro-Government militia that operates in Aleppo, formed in 2013 by the engineer Muhammad al-Sa’eed. By the beginning of 2015, the group had suffered 200 killed and over 400 wounded since its establishment.[2] The group is composed of predominately Sunni Palestinians from the al-Nayrab district as well as the former refugee camp Handarat. Liwa al-Quds is believed to be the largest loyalist auxiliary force operating in Aleppo.[1]

Operational history

The group supported the Syrian Army in its effort to reopen the main supply line to Aleppo in 2015.[6]

In June 2017, Liwa al-Quds launched a recruitment campaign in Homs Governorate, where it aimed at enlisting young Palestinian refugees.[7]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"The Jamestown Foundation: October 2014 Briefs". The Jamestown Foundation.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Syria Comment » Archives Overview of some pro-Assad Militias - Syria Comment". Syria Comment.
  3. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"The Palestinian al-Quds Brigade has a new Iran-backed militia for fighting in Aleppo". Al-Dorar al-Shamia. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  4. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>Chris Tomson (28 November 2016). "Senior Palestinian paramilitary commander killed by rebel forces in Aleppo". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  5. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Russian influence evident in Palestinian militia in Syria - FDD's Long War Journal". Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  6. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>Leith Fadel (24 October 2015). "Breaking: Syrian Army Reopens the Ithriyah-Salamiyah Road in East Hama After Defeating ISIS". Al-Masdar News.
  7. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Liwa al Quds militia Recruits Palestinian refugees of Homs". Al-Dorar Al-Shamia. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017.

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