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The following is an historical overview of wars and conflicts involving India.

 Maratha Empire (1674–1818)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Maratha Empire) Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1681 1707 Deccan Wars  Mughal Empire Victory
  • Permanent end to Mughal expansion in Deccan/Peninsular India.
1739 Battle of Vasai Flag Portugal (1707).svg Portuguese Empire Victory
1741 Siege of Trichinopoly  Mughal Empire
Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNGNawab of Bengal
Victory
  • Maratha takeover of Tiruchirappalli.
1741 1748 Expeditions in Bengal  Mughal Empire
Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNGNawab of Bengal
Victory
  • Nawab of Bengal ceded territory up to the river Suvarnarekha to the Marathas.
1757 1758 Conquest of North-West India Flag of the Emirate of Herat.svg Durrani Empire Victory
  • Marathas captured Punjab, Kashmir and Nwfp.
1767 1769 First Anglo-Mysore War Company Raj
Nawab of the Carnatic
Hyderabad
 Kingdom of Mysore Stalemate
1775 1782 First Anglo-Maratha War Company Raj Victory
1785 1787 Maratha-Mysore War  Kingdom of Mysore Victory
  • Treaty of Gajendragad.
1789 1792 Third Anglo-Mysore War Company Raj
Hyderabad
 Travancore
 Kingdom of Mysore Victory
1798 1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Company Raj
Hyderabad
 Travancore
 Kingdom of Mysore Victory
  • Final defeat of Mysore.
  • Mysore became a princely state of British India.
1803 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War Company Raj Defeat
1817 1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War Company Raj Defeat
  • Formal end of the Maratha Empire.
1857 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857  Mughal Empire Company Raj Defeat
  • Rebellions suppressed, formation of the British Raj.

Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India (1757–1858)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Company Raj) Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1757 Battle of Plassey Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Nawab of Bengal
Royal Standard of the Kingdom of France.svg French East India
Victory
  • Bengal annexed by the Company Raj.
1764 Battle of Buxar  Mughal Empire Victory
1767 1769 First Anglo-Mysore War  Maratha Empire
Nawab of the Carnatic
Hyderabad
 Kingdom of Mysore Stalemate
1775 1782 First Anglo-Maratha War  Maratha Empire Defeat
1779 1784 Second Anglo-Mysore War  Kingdom of Great Britain
 Hanover
 Kingdom of Mysore
 Kingdom of France
 Dutch Republic
Defeat
1789 1792 Third Anglo-Mysore War Maratha Empire
Hyderabad]]
[[File:Flag of Kingdom of Travancore.svg|25px|border Travancore
 Kingdom of Mysore Victory
1798 1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War  Kingdom of Mysore Victory
  • Defeat of Mysore.
1803 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War  Maratha Empire Victory
1814 1816 Anglo-Nepalese War Tehga.svg Garhwal Kingdom
Patiala flag.svg Patiala State
Pre 1962 Flag of Nepal.png Nepal Victory
1817 1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War  Maratha Empire Victory
  • Formal end of the Maratha Empire.
1824 1826 First Anglo-Burmese War Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
1839 1842 First Anglo-Afghan War Flag of Afghanistan pre-1901.svg Afghanistan Defeat
  • British withdrawal from Afghanistan.
1839 1842 First Opium War  Qing Dynasty Victory
1845 1846 First Anglo-Sikh War  Patiala State  Sikh Empire Victory
1848 1849 Second Anglo-Sikh War  Sikh Empire Victory
  • End of the Sikh Empire.
1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
  • Mindon Min replaced Pagan Min on the Burmese throne.
1856 1857 Anglo-Persian War United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan
Amir Kabir Flag.svg Iran Victory
1857 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 United Kingdom British Army  Mughal Empire
 Maratha Empire
Victory
  • Rebellions suppressed, formation of the British Raj.

 British India (1858–1947)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding British India) Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1856 1860 Second Opium War United Kingdom United Kingdom
France France
 Qing Dynasty Victory
  • Treaties of Tientsin.
1864 1865 Bhutan War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Bhutan (1949-1956).svg Bhutan Victory
  • Bhutanese territorial cessions to the British.
1878 1880 Second Anglo-Afghan War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Afghanistan pre-1901.svg Afghanistan Victory
1881 1899 Mahdist War United Kingdom United Kingdom
 Egypt
Ethiopian Pennants.svg Ethiopia
Mahdist Sudan Victory
1882 Anglo-Egyptian War United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Tewfik Pasha
Egypt flag 1882.svg Ahmed Orabi Victory
1885 Third Anglo-Burmese War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
  • The province of Burma became part of the British Raj.
1888 Sikkim Expedition  United Kingdom Tibet Tibet Victory
  • Tibetan forces expelled from Sikkim.
1891 Hunza-Nagar Campaign Hunza
Nagar
Victory
  • The British gained control of Hunza and Nagar.
1899 1901 Boxer Rebellion Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
Russian Empire Russia
British Empire United Kingdom
France France
 United States
German Empire Germany
 Austria-Hungary
Kingdom of Italy Italy
Yihetuan Movement
 China
Victory
  • The rebellion was suppressed.
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing.
1897 1898 First Mohmand Campaign  United Kingdom Mohmands Victory
1899 1902 Second Boer War  United Kingdom
  • Cape Colony flag.png British Cape Colony
  • BlueEnsignNatal.png Natal Colony
  • Flag of BSAC edit.svg Rhodesia
  •  Australia
  •  Canada
  •  New Zealand
  •  British Ceylon
 Orange Free State
 South African Republic
Victory
1903 1904 British expedition to Tibet  United Kingdom  Tibet Victory
  • Treaty enforced, return to status quo.
1914 1918 World War I  French Third Republic
 United Kingdom
  •  Union of South Africa
  •  Australia
  •  Canada
  •  Newfoundland
  •  New Zealand

 Russian Empire
 Kingdom of Italy
 United States
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Empire of Japan
 Belgium
 Kingdom of Greece
 Kingdom of Romania
 Portugal
 Brazil

 German Empire  Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Kingdom of Bulgaria
South African Republic South African Republic
Victory
  • End of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires
  • Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East
  • Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers
  • Establishment of the League of Nations.
1919 1923 Turkish War of Independence  Kingdom of Greece
Pontic Rebels
France France
Armenia Armenia
 United Kingdom
Georgia
Turkey Ankara Government
Turkey Kuva-yi Milliye
Defeat[1]
  • Overthrow of the Ottoman Sultanate.
  • Treaty of Lausanne.
  • Establishment of the Republic of Turkey.
1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Afghanistan (1919–1921).svg Afghanistan No clear victor
1919 First Waziristan Campaign United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Waziristan resistance (1930s).svg Waziristan Victory
  • Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.
1920 Iraqi revolt United Kingdom United Kingdom Iraqi rebels Victory
1925 Pink's War Mahsud tribesmen Victory
  • Tribal leaders accept terms.
1935 Second Mohmand Campaign United Kingdom United Kingdom Mohmands Victory
  • Jirga and peace.
1936 1939 Second Waziristan Campaign United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Waziristan resistance (1930s).svg Waziri tribesmen Victory
  • Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.
1939 1945 World War II  Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
  •  Union of South Africa
  •  Australia
  •  Canada
  •  New Zealand

 Taiwan
 France
 Poland
 Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
 Kingdom of Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico

 Nazi Germany
 Empire of Japan
 Kingdom of Italy
 Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46)
 Kingdom of Romania
 Kingdom of Bulgaria
 Vichy France
 Manchukuo
Flag of the Mengjiang.svg Mengjiang
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Wang Jingwei regime
India Azad Hind
 Thailand
Old Flag Of Vietnam.svg Empire of Vietnam
Flag of the State of Burma (1943-45).svg State of Burma
Victory
1945 1947 Indonesian National Revolution Netherlands Netherlands
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Indonesia Indonesia Withdrawal
  • Indian withdrawal after independence in 1947.
  • The Netherlands recognises Indonesian independence.
1945 1946 Operation Masterdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
France France
Japan Japan
Flag of North Vietnam 1945-1955.svg Viet Minh Withdrawal

 Dominion of India (1947–1950)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Dominion of India) Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1947 1948 First Indo-Pakistani War Flag Jammu Kashmir.png Jammu and Kashmir  Dominion of Pakistan
Liwa-e-Ahmadiyya 1-2.svg Furqan Force
Ceasefire
  • Partitioning of Jammu and Kashmir.
1948 Operation Polo Hyderabad Victory
  • State of Hyderabad annexed to the Union of India.

India Republic of India (1950–Present)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Republic of India) Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1961 Invasion of Goa Portugal Portugal
  • Portugal Portuguese India
Victory
  • Incorporation of Goa into India.
1962 Sino-Indian War  China Defeat
1965 Second Indo-Pakistani War  Pakistan Ceasefire
1971 Third Indo-Pakistani War Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg Bangladesh  Pakistan Victory
1975 Amalgamation of Sikkim Flag of Sikkim monarchy.svg Kingdom of Sikkim Victory
  • Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union.
1984 Operation Blue Star Punjab flag.svg Sikh militants Victory
  • Militants cleared out of Harmandir Sahib.
1987 1990 Sri Lankan Civil War  Sri Lanka Flag of Tamil Eelam.svg Tamil Tigers Withdrawal
1988 Operation Cactus Maldives Maldives Bandera del PLOTE (Tàmils).svg PLOTE
Maldives Maldivian rebels
Victory
  • Government rule restored in Maldives.
1999 Kargil War  Pakistan Victory
  • Pakistani military retreat from Kargil.[2]

See also

  • Relationships with neighboring countries
    • India-Afghanistan relations
    • India-Bangladesh relations
    • India-Bhutan relations
    • India-Burma relations
    • India-China relations
    • India–Indonesia relations
    • India-Maldives relations
    • India-Nepal relations
    • India-Pakistan relations
    • India-Sri Lanka relations
  • India and the Republic of India
    • India
    • British India
    • Maratha Empire
    • Dominion of India
    • Company Raj
    • Partition of India
    • Foreign relations of India
    • History of India
    • History of the Republic of India
    • Politics of India

References

  1. Chester Neal Tate, Governments of the world: a global guide to citizens' rights and responsibilities, Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2006, p. 205.
  2. "Pakistani opposition presses for Sharif's resignation". Wsws.org. 1999-08-07. http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/aug1999/pak-a07.shtml. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 



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