There are numerous war museums, memorials and monuments in Vietnam, this page presents a partial list of museums and monuments located in Vietnam relating to the First Indochina War and the Second Indochina War. This list is organized by location.
- 1 Ap Bac
- 2 Ben Hai river
- 3 Bien Hoa
- 4 Camp Carroll
- 5 Côn Sơn Island
- 6 Cu Chi
- 7 Dak To
- 8 Danang
- 9 Dien Bien Phu
- 10 Hanoi
- 11 Hội An
- 12 Huế
- 13 Khe Sanh
- 14 Lang Vei
- 15 Long Binh/ Thu Duc
- 16 Long Tan/Long Thành
- 17 Mang Yang
- 18 My Tho/Vinh Long
- 19 Phan Tiet
- 20 Phu Loi
- 21 Saigon
- 22 Tay Ninh
- 23 Truong Son Cemetery
- 24 Vinh Moc
- 25 Vung Tau
- 26 Xuan Loc
- 27 See also
- 28 References
- 29 External links
A small museum in the hamlet of Ap Bac (Battle of Ap Bac in January 1963. A monument shows Viet Cong forces shooting down helicopters and destroying armoured vehicles. Items on display include an M101 howitzer, M113 armoured personnel carrier and a UH-1H Huey) commemorates the
Ben Hai river
A peace and unification monument stands on the north side of the Ben Hai River which formed the eastern end of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone.
- A monument on Highway 1 adjacent to the main gate for Bien Hoa Air Base commemorates the People's Army of Vietnam seizing of the Air Base on 25 April 1975.
- The Bien Hoa Museum is located on Highway 1, adjacent to the Bien Hoa Air Base. Items on display include a 57 mm AZP S-60 antiaircraft gun, M1939 37mm antiaircraft gun, M-46 130mm cannon, M113 armoured personnel carrier, MiG-21, T-59 tank and Bell UH-1H.
Côn Sơn Island
The 5th Military Division museum is located at No 1 Duy Tan Street, opening hours are from 07:30 to 11:00 and from 13:30 to 16:00. Items on display include a 100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3), A-37 Dragonfly, BLU-82 Daisy Cutter bomb, Cessna O-1 Bird Dog, M8 Greyhound armoured car, M-46 130mm cannon, M48 Patton A3 tank, M101 howitzer, M102 howitzer, M107 Self-Propelled Gun, M113 armoured personnel carrier, M114 155 mm howitzer, M116 howitzer, M-160 160mm mortar, M1939 37mm antiaircraft gun, 2 MiG-21s, P-15 Termit antiship missile, SA-2 Guideline SAM, T-34/85 and a Toyota pickup mounting a recoilless rifle used in Cambodia
Dien Bien Phu
Monuments are located on all major sites of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, including:
- The bunker of General Christian de Castries.
- Military museum with assorted weaponry used by the French colonial forces and the Viet Minh.
- The French hill strongpoints all have Viet Minh monuments.
- French memorial to approximately 10,000 French colonial troops who died in the battle and in captivity
- Two large Viet Minh cemeteries, one in the center of town adjacent to strongpoint Eliane 2 and the other north of the town adjacent to strongpoint Gabrielle
- B-52 lake or May Bay B52 is located just south of the West Lake along Hoang Hoa Tham Rd, more a rather large pond it contains wreckage of a B-52 Stratofortress shot down on 19 December 1972 during Operation Linebacker II
- A large PAVN cemetery is located on Le Hong Phong just north of Hội An.
- A PAVN cemetery is located on Nguyen Hoang ( ), north of Hoi An.
The Hue Museum is located on 23 Thang 8 between Doan Thi Diem Street and Dinh Tien Hoang at the southeast corner of the Citadel. Items on display include an M42 Duster, M48 Patton tank, M88 Recovery Vehicle, M113 armoured personnel carrier, Cadillac Gage V-100 Commando armoured car and M107 Self-Propelled Gun. Inside the museum are various small arms and the PAVN version of the Battle of Huế, the Massacre at Huế is not mentioned.
There is a small museum on the site of the old Khe Sanh Combat Base. Items on display include a Bell UH-1H Huey, Boeing CH-47 Chinook, M41 Walker Bulldog tank and artillery pieces. On display in the museum are various small arms together with photos from the battles around Khe Sanh and also Operation Lam Son 719.
Long Binh/ Thu Duc
- A large PAVN cemetery is located on Highway 1 between Saigon and Bien Hoa (Ho Chi Minh Campaign and during the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. ). It contains the graves of PAVN soldiers killed during the
- The ARVN National Cemetery ( ) is located near the PAVN Cemetery, but the cemetery is in disrepair as part of official government policy towards the former South Vietnamese regime and its armed forces.
Long Tan/Long Thành
- A cross in a rubber plantation serves as a memorial for the Australian and Vietnamese dead in the Battle of Long Tần. This is one of the few memorials to Free World troops in Vietnam as most monuments in South Vietnam were destroyed following the North Vietnamese victory in 1975. The monument is a replica of the original Long Tan Cross, which was erected by Australian forces in 1969 and is now on display at the Dong Nai Museum.
- A PAVN Cemetery is located on Route 51 ( )
On Route 19 between the villages of An Thanh (west of An Khe) and Ha Ra (east of Pleiku) is the location of the Battle of Mang Yang Pass. A French cemetery is located off Route 19 ( ).
My Tho/Vinh Long
The Phu Loi Prison for Viet Minh prisoners and later opponents of the Ngo Dinh Diem government is now a museum.( ). Little remains of the airfield built by the Japanese in the Second World War and subsequently used by U.S. Army aviation units during the Vietnam War.
- Ho Chi Minh Campaign Museum is located at 2 Le Duan Boulevard, District 1 in central Saigon. It commemorates the Ho Chi Minh Campaign that led to the fall of South Vietnam. Items on display include a 57 mm AZP S-60 antiaircraft gun, F-5A Freedom Fighter, M-46 130mm cannon, M113 armoured personnel carrier, SA-2 Guideline SAM, T-54 tank, ZIL-157 truck
- Ho Chi Minh City Museum. Items on display include an A-37 Dragonfly, F-5A Freedom Fighter, M41 Walker Bulldog tank, UH-1H Huey.
- No 7 Army Museum or the Southeastern Armed Forces Museum is located at 247 Hoang Van Thu Street, Tan Banh District near to Tan Son Nhut Airport. Items on display include a 122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30), M41 Walker Bulldog tank, M48 Patton A3 tank, M107 Self-Propelled Gun, M113 armoured personnel carrier, M114 155 mm howitzer, T-54 tank. The museum contains a number of dioramas of major engagements of the Second Indochina War and a mockup of several rooms in the Cu Chi Tunnels.
- Reunification Palace
- Former US Embassy, Saigon Tet Offensive memorials. A memorial on Le Duan Boulevard commemorates the members of the Vietcong C-10 Sapper Battalion who blew a hole in the wall of the US Embassy and gained access to the Embassy grounds on the morning of 31 January 1968. Inside the grounds of the now US Consulate is a plaque commemorating the US Marine guard and the 4 MPs who were killed defending the Embassy, the plaque is a replacement for the original which was left at the Embassy during the Fall of Saigon and was subsequently on display at the War Remnants Museum (Ho Chi Minh City) before disappearing.
- Vietnamese People's Air Force Museum, Saigon
- War Remnants Museum (Ho Chi Minh City)
- The Tay Ninh Museum on 30 Thang 4 has various weaponry and wreckage.
- An outdoor museum on Route 792 (M41 Walker Bulldog tank, Cadillac Gage V-100 Commando armoured car and M113 armoured personnel carrier. ) has an
Truong Son Cemetery
The Trường Sơn Cemetery or Nghĩa trang liệt sĩ Trường Sơn is located on Highway 15 near the village of Ben Tat, northwest of Dong Ha ( ). It contains the graves of PAVN soldiers killed on the DMZ and on the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
- Vinh Moc tunnels
- A PAVN memorial is located on a traffic island onLe Hong Phong ( ), in central Vung Tau.
- A monument on Highway 1 commemorates the eventual People's Army of Vietnam victory in the Battle of Xuân Lộc.
- A PAVN cemetery (Battle of Xuân Lộc. ) contains the graves of North Vietnamese troops killed in the
- List of museums in Vietnam
- "5th Military Division Museum". http://www.danang.gov.vn/TabID/65/CID/961/ItemID//default.aspx.
- "Fighting a Long Gone War". 2005. http://www.vnafmamn.com/fightinggone.html.
- "Dedication Ceremony". 2002-11-14. http://hochiminh.usconsulate.gov/dedication_ceremony2.html.
- John Rossie (1999-2002). "Plaque Page". http://www.vietvet.org/plaquepage.htm.
- Lonely Planet Vietnam - Page 211 Nick Ray, Yu-Mei Balasingamchow, Iain Stewart - 2009 "TRUONG SON NATIONAL CEMETERY More effective than the nationalist propaganda that papers Vietnam's museums, this sprawling cemetery is a sobering memorial to the legions of North Vietnamese soldiers who died in the Truong Son Trail."
- Hanoi Military Museum website
- Ho Chi Minh City Department of Tourism
- Ray's Map Room
- Saigon Facilities Map, 1969
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