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This is a timeline of incidents in Syria that have been labelled as terrorism and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).
- 2011 Damascus bombings - On 23 December 2011, two seemingly coordinated bombings occurred in the Syrian capital of Damascus. The alleged suicide car bombs exploded outside Syrian military intelligence agency buildings, killing 44 people and injuring 166.
- January 2012 al-Midan bombing - On 6 January 2012, a bomb exploded in the Al-Midan district of Damascus, Syria. According to the Syrian government, a suicide bomber attacked buses carrying riot police shortly before an anti-government protest was to begin. It said that 26 people were killed and over 60 were injured. Jabhat al-Nusra claimed responsibility.
- February 2012 Aleppo bombings - On 10 February 2012, two large bombs exploded at Syrian security forces buildings in Aleppo. According to the Syrian government and state media, the blasts were caused by two suicide car bombs. It reported that 28 people were killed (24 members of the security forces and four civilians) and 235 wounded. Jabhat al-Nusra claimed responsibility.
- March 2012 Damascus bombings - The March 2012 Damascus bombings were two large car bombs that exploded in front of the air intelligence and criminal security headquarters in the Syrian capital of Damascus. At least 27 people were reported killed and over a 140 injured. Jabhat al-Nusra claimed responsibility.
- March 2012 Aleppo bombing
- The 27 April 2012 Damascus bombings was a suicide attack that targeted the Syrian military, killing nine people. It was claimed by the Al-Nusra Front.
- The 30 April 2012 Idlib bombings was a car bombing that targeted the Syrian military in Idlib, killing twenty people.
- The 10 May 2012 Damascus bombings were carried out using a pair of car bombs detonated by suicide bombers outside of a military intelligence complex in Damascus, Syria. Combined, the perpetrators detonated more than 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lb) of explosives, tearing the facade off a 10-story building. With 55 people confirmed dead and almost 400 others injured, the attack is the deadliest bombing to date in the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising.
- The 2012 Deir ez-Zor bombing involved a car bomb blast in the Syrian city of Deir ez-Zor killing 9 people on 19 May 2012. The blast struck a parking lot for a military intelligence complex.
- The 18 July 2012 Damascus bombing was an attack that killed the Syrian Defence minister Dawoud Rajiha and the deputy Defence minister Assef Shawkat, brother in law of the president. The bombing targeted the National Security headquarters In Damascus where senior officials were meeting to discuss the security situation in the country. The Interior minister Mohammad Ibrahim al-Shaar was also seriously wounded.
- October 2012 Aleppo bombings - at least 34 people were killed in a series of bombings in the city's main square.
- December Aqrab massacre
- December 12 bombings at Syrian Interior Ministry in Damascus' southwestern district of Kfar Sousa killed 7 and wounded 50 according to SANA news agency.
- The Aleppo University bombings took place on January 15 and killed at least 82 people at the Aleppo University.
- 1 February 2013 - Bombing in Sahsah, Quneitra area killed 53 military intelligence employees. Responsibility was taken by Al-Nusra Front.
- A series of bombings in the capital Damascus killed more than 80 and injured at least 250 others on February 21. A massive car bomb exploded close to the offices of the Syrian Ba'ath Party, killing 59 and injuring more than 200 others. The attack, which killed mostly civilians, was the deadliest to occur in the capital during the country's civil war. Both the Syrian government and the Syrian National Coalition condemned the blast, while suspicions were placed on the Islamist Al-Nusra Front. In addition, three bombings killed 22 people and injured 50 others in the suburb of Barzeh. Most of the victims in these attacks were government soldiers.
- March 21 — An explosion in the Eman Mosque of Damascus kills 42 and wounds at least 82 people. A Sunni cleric, Assad's supporter, Sheikh Mohammad Said Ramadan al-Buti was killed in the blast. The bombing occurred when the mosque was filled with worshippers gathered for Friday prayers.
- April 8 — A bombing at Syrian Central Bank building in Damascus killed at least 15 and wounded at least 53 people.
- April 29 — A blast next to former Interior Ministry building in Damascus killed six people. Syrian prime minister Wael al-Halqi survived.
- April 30 — Another car bomb explosion in Damascus killed 13 and injured 70 people. SOHR reported 9 civilian and 7 military casualties.
- June 11 — Two suicide bombers killed al least 14 people in the centre of Damascus.
- June 27 — A suicide bombing happened in a Christian district of Damascus, killing four people. It is believed that the target was a Shiite Muslim charity located there.
- October 19 — A suicide bombing happened in the entrance of Jaramana, in Rif Dimashq by a member of Al-Nusra Front, wounded 16 civilians, a lot of fighters of both sides were killed by fighting that followed
- November 6 — At least 8 people killed and another 50 were wounded after a bomb exploded in Damascus 
- January 20 — Two car bombs exploded at rebel-held post on the Syrian-Turkish border in Bab al-Hawa, killing at least 16, the opposition reported.
- February 23 — A suicide bombing in Aleppo, organized by ISIS, claimed lives of 7 Ahrar ash-Sham members, including Abu Khalid al-Suri, a commander of the group and al-Qaeda representative.
- April 9 — Two car bombs exploded in Homs, killing at least 25 and wounding 107 people. Both bombs hit Karam al-Luz, a predominantly Alawite district.
- May 8 - The Islamic Front had bombed the Carlton Citadel Hotel, killing 14–50.
- August 14 - ISIL mass executes an estimated 700 to 1,200 civilians (all males aged 14 and older) from the Sunni tribe of Sheitat in eastern Deir ez-Zor.
- October 1 — Twin terrorist attacks killed 45 civilians and wounded over 100 others at two neighboring elementary schools in Akrama, Homs; most of the victims were women and children. The first attack took place when a car bomb loaded with gas cylinders and C-4 explosives was detonated at the front gate of the first school while students were being dismissed. Following the first explosion, a suicide bomber then detonated himself at the gate of the neighboring school while people were gathering to take their children home. The perpetrators were related to Jund al-Sham, a group linked to the Abdullah Azzam Brigades.
- 26 June 2015 Islamist attacks
- 12 December - Homs car bombing killed 16, and injured many more.
- 30 December - Qamishli bombings in Wusta, a Christian district of Qamishli, killed 16 people.
- 25 January - A suicide bomber driving a fuel tank blew himself up at a checkpoint controlled by Syrian rebel group Ahrar ash-Sham in contested city of Aleppo. The blast killed 23 people including four of the group's commanders and four civilians. No group claimed responsibility.
- 31 January - At least 45 people were killed and 110 wounded in twin blasts in the mainly Shi'ite neighbourhood of Sayeda Zeinab.
- 3 February - At least 15 people are killed and 58 injured after rockets reportedly fired by rebels hit pro-government neighborhoods in the southern city of Daraa.
- 21 February - Twin bomb blasts hit the predominantly Alawite neighborhood of al-Zahra in Homs with at least 57 people reportedly killed and dozens injured. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claim responsibility.
- 21 February - Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant millitants detonated a car bomb and later launched two suicide bombings, about 400 meters from Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque, a Shia shrine, believed to contain the grave of Prophet Muhammad's granddaughter. 83 people were killed and 178 wounded, including children. Syrian media said the attack occurred when pupils were leaving school in the area. Foreign led Syrian Observatory said 68 were killed. At least 60 shops were damaged as well as cars in the area. Islamic State claimed responsibility
- 2 March - A suicide car bomb killed 18 rebels of the Syrian Revolutionary Front, a member of the Free Syrian Army in the province of Quneitra;
- 18 March - The Islamic State clashed with Russian soldiers.5 Russian soldiers were killed as well as 6 Syrian army soldiers and several Hezbollah members in Palmyra.One of the Russian soldiers killed was a military advisor.
- 23 March - Snipers of Farouq Brigades and Ahrar al-Sham fired at civilians in the town of Al-Fu'ah, killing two civilians and wounding another three, local sources said.
- 27 March - A suicide bomber blew himself up in the outskirts of Salamiyah, killing two people and wounding several others. Soon after, another suicide bomber blew himself up at the entrance to the village of Teeba, killing four and wounding several others. Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack in Salamiyah.
- 5 April - The explosion of a car bomb in Maarrat al-Nu'man in the province of Idleb in Syria has killed a woman and injured several people.
- 8 April - ISIL militants reportedly execute 175 workers who were captured earlier this week at a cement factory situated to the east of Damascus.
- 23 May - Jableh and Tartous bombings in Jableh and Tartus, coastline cities in Syria, killed at least 184 people. The Syrian government had accused Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Turkey of being behind the wave of bombings in these cities.
- 27 July - Qamishli bombings killed more than 44 and more than 171 were wounded. The IS praised the attacks and claimed responsibility. The city of Qamishli was also the site of multiple car bombings since 2015.
- 15 August - A suicide bombing in Atme killed 50 people. The attack was claimed by IS.
- 5 September - A series of bombings killed at least 48 people. The suicide bombers simultaneously exploded in the Syrian cities of Tartus, Homs, Damascus, and Hasakah.
- 7 January 2017 - A car bomb in front of a courthouse in Azas killed at least 60 people, mostly civilians.
- March 2017 Damascus bombings - A series of terrorist attacks in Damascus killed at least 114 people. Tahrir al-Sham, formerly known as the al-Nusra Front, and IS claimed responsibility.
- 15 April 2017 - A car bomb targets a convoy of buses carrying civilian evacuees in rebel-held western Aleppo, killing more than 120 people, mostly children.
- National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. (2016). Global Terrorism Database (globalterrorismdb_0616dist.xlsx). Retrieved from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd University of Maryland
- National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. (2016). Global Terrorism Database (gtd1993_0616dist.xlsx). Retrieved from https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd University of Maryland
- "Al Nusrah Front claims 3 more suicide attacks in Daraa". 2012-12-27. http://www.longwarjournal.org/threat-matrix/archives/2012/11/al_nusrah_front_claims_3_more.php. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
- "Islamist Group Says it carried out Damascus bombing". Turkish Weekly. April 30, 2012. http://www.turkishweekly.net/2012/04/30/news/islamist-group-says-it-carried-out-damascus-bombing/.
- "At least 20 people killed in Idlib; top U.N. truce monitor takes over in Syria". Al Arabiya. April 30, 2012. http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/04/30/211156.html.
- "Car bomb strikes near Syria military complex". http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2012/05/201251973524973527.html. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Syria crisis: Dozens killed by Aleppo university blasts". BBC News. 2013-01-15. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-21029034.
- "At least seven are killed in bombings outside Syrian Interior Ministry". Al Arabiya. April 12, 2012. http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/12/12/254765.html.
- "Death toll rises to at least 82 in Aleppo University bombings". http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/middle-east/death-toll-rises-to-at-least-82-in-aleppo-university-bombings. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Syria Suicide Attack on Regime Kills 53". Naharnet. http://www.naharnet.com/stories/en/70481. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Car bomb hits Baath party office in Damascus, Syria, killing at 59 and wounding 200". Herald Sun News. 21 February 2013. http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/world/car-bomb-hits-baath-party-office-in-damascus-syria-killing-at-least-31/story-fnd134gw-1226583106647.
- "Car bomb hits Baath party office in Damascus, Syria, killing at 59 and wounding 200". Voice Of America News. 22 February 2013. http://www.voanews.com/content/death-toll-rises-in-damascus-blasts/1608600.html.
- "At least 42 killed in suicide bombing at Syria mosque". Fox News. 2013-03-21. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/03/21/casualties-reported-after-suicide-bomber-hits-mosque-in-syria/. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- Barnard, Anne (2013-04-08). "Wider Use of Car Bombs Angers Both Sides in Syrian Conflict". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/09/world/middleeast/syria-explosion-damascus.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- "6 killed as bomb targets Syria's prime minister, state TV reports". 2013-04-29. http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/04/29/17966107-6-killed-as-bomb-targets-syrias-prime-minister-state-tv-reports. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
- "Bomb blast in Syria's capital kills at least 13". 2013-04-30. http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/04/30/17982801-bomb-blast-in-syrias-capital-kills-at-least-13. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
- "Syria crisis: Damascus hit by double 'suicide bombing'". BBC News. 2013-06-11. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-22852237. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- "Suicide bomb targets Shiite charity in Syria Christian neighbourhood". 2013-06-27. http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/?id=59743. Retrieved 2013-06-28.
- "Un attentat sanglant frappe la banlieue de Damas, Brahimi en tournée régionale". L'Orient-Le Jour. http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/838281/un-attentat-sanglant-frappe-la-banlieue-de-damas-brahimi-en-tournee-regionale.html. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Explosion killed 8 people in Damascus". BBC News. 6 November 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24835012. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
- "Sixteen killed by twin bombs at Syria-Turkey border post". 2014-01-20. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/ten-killed-by-twin-bombs-at-syria-turkey-border-post.aspx?pageID=238&nID=61324&NewsCatID=352. Retrieved 2014-01-20.
- "Top al-Qaeda operative killed in Syria attack". 2014-02-23. http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2014/02/23/Syrian-rebel-friend-of-al-Qaeda-leader-killed-by-rival-Islamists.html. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "Car blasts kill dozens in Syria's Homs". 2014-04-09. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/04/car-blasts-kill-dozens-homs-district-201449164742748539.html. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "Syria conflict: Huge blast 'destroys Aleppo hotel'". BBC. 8 May 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-27323790.
- "Syrian rebels blow up Aleppo hotel used by army". Reuters. 8 May 2014. https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/05/08/us-syria-crisis-aleppo-idUSBREA4706Z20140508.
- "داعش يعدم 700 من عشيرة الشعيطات بدير الزور". 17 August 2014. http://www.almayadeen.net/news/other/13637/%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%B4-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%AF%D9%85-700-%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%B9%D8%B4%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B9%D9%8A%D8%B7%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B2%D9%88%D8%B1. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "ناجون يروون للمرة الأولى وقائع قتل 800 في مجزرة عشيرة الشعيطات". 3 October 2014. http://www.alhayat.com/Articles/4871694/%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%AC%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%84%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%88%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%88%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B9-%D9%82%D8%AA%D9%84-800-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D9%85%D8%AC%D8%B2%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%B4%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B9%D9%8A%D8%B7%D8%A7%D8%AA. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "Syrian Rebels Kill 45 Civilians at a Homs Children’s School". 2014-10-01. https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-rebels-kill-45-civilians-homs-childrens-school/. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
- "Attack target Ahrar al-Sham group in Syria's Aleppo, 23 killed - monitor". Reuters. 25 January 2016. http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-mideast-crisis-syria-group-idUKKCN0V31FM. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "Syria conflict: Peace talks 'to start on Friday', UN says". BBC News. 25 January 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-35403554. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "At least 45 killed, 110 wounded in Damascus suburb bombings, ISIS claims responsibility". 31 January 2016. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-blast-shiite-idUSKCN0V90E1. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- "Gulf allies and ‘Army of Conquest". 28 May 2015. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/12392/21/Gulf-allies-and-%E2%80%98Army-of-Conquest%E2%80%99.aspx.
- "At least 15 civilians killed, almost 60 injured in militant rocket fire in Daraa, Syria - medics". RT International. https://www.rt.com/news/331132-syria-daraa-rocket-attacks/.
- "57 people were killed after two bomb exploded in Homs". Reuters. 21 February 2016. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-homs-idUSKCN0VU08C?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
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- "Un attentat fait 18 morts dans le sud de la Syrie-OSDH". Boursorama. 2 March 2016. http://www.boursorama.com/actualites/un-attentat-fait-18-morts-dans-le-sud-de-la-syrie-osdh-aa4e096613fb03a05f3617ea5300a838. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
- "ISIS kills five Russian soldiers during fighting in ancient Syrian city of Palmyra". Daily Mail. 18 March 2016. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3498615/ISIS-kills-five-Russian-soldiers-fighting-Ancient-Syrian-city-Palmyra.html. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
- "Two Syrian civilians killed, 3 injured in terrorist attack on al-Foua, Idleb". Syrian Arab News Agency, Ahlulbayt TV. 23 March 2016. http://en.abna24.com/service/middle-east-west-asia/archive/2016/03/24/742906/story.html. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
- "Suicide attacks kill six in Syria's Hama province: state media". Reuters. 27 March 2016. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-carbomb-idUSKCN0W006D.
- AFP (2016-04-05). "Syrie: un mort dans l'explosion d'une voiture piégée (OSDH)". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m41Fy98SSaQ&nohtml5=False. Retrieved 2016-04-09.
- "ISIS killed 175 people in Syria". RT. 8 April 2016. https://www.rt.com/news/338886-isis-massacre-cement-plant/. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- "Pressure builds on IS with twin assaults in Syria and Iraq". http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/pressure-builds-twin-assaults-syria-and-iraq-1882322592. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
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- "Bombs kill nearly 150 in Syrian government-held cities: monitor". reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syria-latakia-idUSKCN0YE0PB.
- "Syria: Deadly IS blast rocks Kurdish city of Qamishli". BBC. 27 July 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-36902604.
- "String of deadly bomb attacks target government held areas in Syria". Middle East Eye. 5 September 2016. http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/string-deadly-bomb-attacks-target-government-held-areas-syria-1112528510.
- "Syria conflict: Bomb kills dozens in Azaz on Turkish border". 7 January 2017. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-38542142.
- "Tahrir al-Sham: Al-Qaeda's latest incarnation in Syria". BBC News. 28 February 2017
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