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The list of shipwrecks in 1991 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1991.

table of contents
1991
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date

January

16 January

List of shipwrecks: 16 January 1991
Ship Country Description
Continental Lotus  India sank 160 nautical miles (300 km) east of Malta en route from Mormugao to Genova after developing crack in engine room bulkhead with the loss of 38 out of 42 crew [1]

23 January

List of shipwrecks: 23 January 1991
Ship Country Description
Amuriyah  Iraq First Gulf War, Operation Desert Storm: The tanker was attacked and severely damaged off Bubiyan island by Grumman A-6 Intruder aircraft from USS Midway ( United States Navy). She subsequently sank. The wreck was scheduled to be removed in or after 2014.[2][3]

February

14 February

List of shipwrecks: 14 February 1991
Ship Country Description
Louisiana Brimstone United States The molten sulphur carrier ran aground at Coatzacoalcos, Mexico. She was refloated but consequently withdrawn from service. Scrapped in 1993.[4]
Sanko Harvest  Panama The bulk carrier ran aground between Hastings Island and Hood Island, Australia. Her twenty crew were evacuated on 15 February. She broke in three and sank on 17 February. Sanko Harvest was on a voyage from Tampa, Florida, United States to Esperance, Western Australia.[5][6]

April

8 April

List of shipwrecks: 8 April 1991
Ship Country Description
Starfish  Panama The bulk carrier sprang a leak in the Indian Ocean off Port Louis, Mauritius on 1 April and diverted to that port. She arrived off Port Louis on 3 April and was subsequently ordered out of Mauritian waters on 7 April due to the threat of pollution. Starfish foundered 40 nautical miles (74 km) west of Mauritius and 60 nautical miles (110 km) north of Réunion on 8 April. All crew were rescued by a National Coast Guard of Mauritius patrol boat.[7]

10 April

List of shipwrecks: 10 April 1991
Ship Country Description
Moby Prince  Italy Moby Prince disaster: The ferry collided with the tanker Agip Abruzzo ( Italy) off Livorno, Tuscany. Both ships caught fire, leading to the deaths of 140. Both ships were declared total losses.

11 April

List of shipwrecks: 11 April 1991
Ship Country Description
Haven  Cyprus The very large crude carrier suffered an explosion and fire at Genoa, Liguria, Italy with the loss of six crew. She sank on 14 April.

17 April

List of shipwrecks: 17 April 1991
Ship Country Description
Mineral Diamond  Hong Kong The bulk carrier foundered in the Pacific Ocean 1,500 nautical miles (2,800 km) west of Perth, Western Australia with the loss of all 26 crew.[8]

June

7 June

List of shipwrecks: 7 June 1991
Ship Country Description
Braut Team  Norway The cargo ship, a 15 year old vessel, sank in the Indian Ocean, east of Sri Lanka. Water began flooding the cargo holds on 6 June. The cargo included ferro silicum and a brand new Chinese steam locomotive bound for the United States. All 17 crewmen were rescued.[9][10][11]

July

7 July

List of shipwrecks: 7 July 1991
Ship Country Description
Manila Transporter  Philippines The bulk carrier sprang a leak in the Pacific Ocean and was abandoned by her 24 crew at 29°42′S 64°16′E / 29.7°S 64.267°E / -29.7; 64.267). They were rescued by Berica ( Norway). The derelict Manila Transporter was discovered on 27 July at 23°55′S 65°55′E / 23.917°S 65.917°E / -23.917; 65.917) by Algenib ( Singapore). She was subsequently taken in tow by the tugs Smit Langkawi and Smit Sulawesi (both flag unknown) but she sank some 700 nautical miles (1,300 km) east of Mauritius on 7 August.[12]

20 July

List of shipwrecks: 20 July 1991
Ship Country Description
Kirki  Greece The tanker broke in two in the Indian Ocean 22 nautical miles (41 km) off Cervantes, Western Australia during a storm. The bow section sank. The stern section caught fire five times but each time the rough seas put the fire out. Kirki was towed to Dampier, Western Australia where her remaining cargo was transferred to another ship. She was subsequently towed to Singapore.[13]

August

3 August

List of shipwrecks: 3 August 1991
Ship Country Description
Oceanos  Greece
File:Oceanos-sinking.gif

Oceanos

The cruise ship sank in the Indian Ocean off the coast of South Africa (32°02′00″S 29°06′36″E / 32.0333333°S 29.11°E / -32.0333333; 29.11) after a leakage in the engine room's sea chest. The crew abandoned ship, leaving the passengers to their fate. All 571 people on board survived. The passengers were rescued by South African Air Force helicopters.

24 August

List of shipwrecks: 24 August 1991
Ship Country Description
Melete  Greece The bulk carrier foundered in the Indian Ocean (27°41′S 54°13′E / 27.683°S 54.217°E / -27.683; 54.217) with the loss of 25 of the 27 people on board.[14]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date August 1991
Ship Country Description
Regina Maris  Norway The schooner was scuttled by her captain at her berth at Greenport, New York, to protect her from damage by Hurricane Bob and to provide protection to historic waterfront buildings. She was refloated after the storm passed.

September

10 September

List of shipwrecks: 10 September 1991
Ship Country Description
Soon Ly  Honduras The cargo ship sank off the coast of Vietnam.[15]

28 September

List of shipwrecks: 28 September 1991
Ship Country Description
Blanco Encalada  Chilean Navy The decommissioned Fletcher-class destroyer was sunk as a target.

October

28 October

List of shipwrecks: 28 October 1991
Ship Country Description
Andrea Gail United States The fishing vessel sank in the Atlantic Ocean during the so-called "Perfect Storm" with the loss of all six crew.

November

5 November

List of shipwrecks: 5 November 1991
Ship Country Description
SK Link One  Sweden The cargo ship suffered a fire in her engine room and was abandoned by her crew in the North Sea off the coast of Cleveland, United Kingdom. She exploded and sank on 10 November.[16]

7 November

List of shipwrecks: 7 November 1991
Ship Country Description
Ipanema  Malta Collided with British Esk ( United Kingdom) off Vlissingen, Zeeland Netherlands and was beached. Later refloated and arrived at Ghent, Belgium.[17]

11 November

List of shipwrecks: 11 November 1991
Ship Country Description
Euro River  Malta Croatian War of Independence: The cargo ship, manned by a Croatian crew and bounded for Dubrovnik, was sunk by gunfire from a Yugoslav navy patrol boat off Šolta island. All members of her complement were rescued safely.[18]

14 November

List of shipwrecks: 14 November 1991
Ship Country Description
PČ-176 Mukos  Yugoslav Navy Croatian War of Independence, Battle of the Dalmatian channels: The vessel was hit by a torpedo launched by Croatian naval commandos, crippled and abandoned by her crew.[19] Towed by local fishing boats to Šolta island and later recovered and repaired by the Croatian Navy as HRM OB-02 Šolta.[20]
Rabunion XVIII  Lebanon The cargo ship collided with Madonna Lily ( Philippines) under the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, Istanbul, Turkey and sank with the loss of three crew.[15]

16 November

List of shipwrecks: 16 November 1991
Ship Country Description
Ml-143  Yugoslav Navy Croatian War of Independence, Battle of the Dalmatian channels: The patrol boat was hit and sunk off Šćedro island by coastal batteries manned by Croatian navy personnel.
Ml-144 Olib  Yugoslav Navy Croatian War of Independence, Battle of the Dalmatian channels: The patrol boat was hit and crippled by coastal batteries manned by Croatian navy personnel, stranded at Torac bay, Hvar island.

17 November

List of shipwrecks: 17 November 1991
Ship Country Description
Mon Ami United States The Empire F type coaster was beached at Seal Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. She was declared a constructive total loss.

18 November

List of shipwrecks: 18 November 1991
Ship Country Description
USS Algol  United States Navy The decommissioned Andromeda-class attack cargo ship was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of New Jersey to form part of the Shark River artificial reef.

20 November

List of shipwrecks: 20 November 1991
Ship Country Description
Ross Revenge  Netherlands The pirate radio ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent, United Kingdom. All on board were rescued by a Royal Navy Helicopter. She was refloated the next day and subsequently returned to service.

21 November

List of shipwrecks: 21 November 1991
Ship Country Description
Kilkenny  Republic of Ireland The container ship collided with Hasselwerder ( Germany) in Dublin Bay and sank with the loss of three of her 14 crew.[21]

December

6 December

List of shipwrecks: 6 December 1991
Ship Country Description
Sveti Vlaho  Croatian Navy Croatian War of Independence, Siege of Dubrovnik: The runabout was sunk by a Yugoslav 9K11 Malyutka missile at Gruž, north of Dubrovnik. She was raised in 2001 and is currently preserved as a monument.[22]

12 December

List of shipwrecks: 12 December 1991
Ship Country Description
Churruca  Spanish Navy The decommissioned Gearing-class destroyer was sunk as a target.

17 December

List of shipwrecks: 17 December 1991
Ship Country Description
Salem Express  Egypt

The wreck of Salem Express in 2010.

The ferry struck the Hyndman Reef, capsized, and sank in the Red Sea (26°38′22″N 34°03′39″E / 26.63944°N 34.06083°E / 26.63944; 34.06083) with the loss of 470 of the 690 people on board.

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown Date 1991
Ship Country Description
HMS Arethusa  Royal Navy The decommissioned Leander-class frigate was sunk as a target.

References

  1. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Continental Lotus". Cedre. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  2. Pokrant, Marvin (1999). Desert Storm at Sea: What the Navy Really Did. Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 66. ISBN 0313310246
  3. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"SGO to Search for Unexploded Ordnance on Sunken Iraqi Oil Tanker". World Maritime News. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  4. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"T2 TANKERS - C". Mariners. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  5. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Sanko Harvest, Esperance, Western Australia, 14 February 1991". Major Oil Spills in Australia. Australian Maritime Safety Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
  6. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"(untitled)" (PDF). Australian Transport Safety Board. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  7. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Foundering of Starfish outside Port Louis, Maritius" (PDF). Australian Transportation Safety Board. 1 November 1991. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  8. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Loss of all hands on board Mineral Diamond" (PDF). Australian Transportation Safety Board. 1 November 1991. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  9. Hooke, Norman (1997). Maritime Casualties, 1963-1996. LLP Professional Publishing. p. 102. ISBN 1859781101. 
  10. Hudson, Mike; Atkins, Philip (September 2007). "Locos lost at sea. The all-time definitive record". IPC Media Ltd. pp. 14–19. ISSN 0033-8923. 
  11. "The Business Times". Singapore. June 10, 1991. p. 30. 
  12. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Loss of Manila Transporter en route to Port Talbot, Wales" (PDF). Australian Transportation Safety Board. 6 May 1992. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  13. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Loss of Greek registered oil tanker Kirki en route to Kwinana" (PDF). Australian Transportation Safety Board. 2 April 1992. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  14. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Sinking of the bulk carrier Melete" (PDF). Australian Transport Safety Board. 9 June 1992. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  15. 15.0 15.1 <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Belgian Merchant P-Z" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 December 2010.[dead link]
  16. Michael Horsnell (11 November 1991). "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  17. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Belgian Merchant H-O" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 31 October 2010.[dead link]
  18. Hooke, Norman (1997). Maritime casualties, 1963-1996. LLP. p. 203. ISBN 1-85978-110-1. 
  19. Premijera hrvatskog minitorpeda by Stjepan Bernadić Kula (Croatian)
  20. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>Bernardić, Stjepan (15 November 2004). "Admiral Letica je naredio: "Raspali!"" (in Croatian). Slobodna Dalmacija. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  21. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"M. V. Kilkenny". Irish ships. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  22. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>Ivana Brailo (August 19, 2011). "Kako su talijanski švercerski brodovi u pravim rukama spasili Dubrovnik" (in Croatian). Portal Oko. Retrieved September 23, 2011. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (|trans-title= suggested) (help)


Ship events in 1991
Ship launches: 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Ship commissionings: 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Ship decommissionings: 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Shipwrecks: 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

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