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The list of shipwrecks in 1866 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1866.

table of contents
1866
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec

January[]

4 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 4 January 1866
Ship Country Description
USS Narcissus  United States Navy The screw steamer was wrecked at Egmont Key, Florida, and sank with the loss of all hands.

10 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 10 January 1866
Ship Country Description
Hannah Moore  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on Rat Island, Devon, England, with the loss of nineteen of her 25 crew. She was on a voyage from Chile to Queenstown, County Cork.[1]

11 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 11 January 1866
Ship Country Description
London  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

1887 illustration of London sinking.

The passenger steamship sank in the Bay of Biscay. Of the 239 or 263 people on board (sources differ), only 19 survived.

14 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 14 January 1866
Ship Country Description
Ocean Bride  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked near Langton Matravers, Dorset, England.[2]

22 January[]

List of shipwrecks: 22 January 1866
Ship Country Description
Dinanais  France Sailing from Dinan (Brittany), ran aground on the coast of St Ouen Jersey, Channel Islands [3]

February[]

March[]

4 March[]

List of shipwrecks: 4 March 1866
Ship Country Description
Libelle  Bremen The barque struck the reef at Wake Island and sunk. After three weeks, the crew and passengers departed the uninhabited and dry atoll in a longboat and a gig. The ship's buried and scattered treasure of mercury (quicksilver), coins and precious stones was recovered by various vessels over the next two years.[4]

20 March[]

List of shipwrecks: 20 March 1866
Ship Country Description
Eliza Jane  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The ship sprang a leak and was abandoned in the Bristol Channel. Her crew were rescued by the schooner Equity ( United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland).[1]

23 March[]

List of shipwrecks: 23 March 1866
Ship Country Description
Elizabeth  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The smack sank at Cardigan, Wales. Her six crew were rescued by John Stuart (Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Royal National Lifeboat Institution).[5]
Vesta  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The brig foundered in Swansea Bay, Wales. Her seven crew were rescued by Martha and Anne (Flag of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution.svg Royal National Lifeboat Institution).[1]

Unknown date[]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1866
Ship Country Description
Queen  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The paddle steamer struck the Tings Rocks, in the Bristol Channel off Hartland Point, Devon, England, and was holed. She was beached at Clovelly, Devon, where she subsequently broke her back and was a total loss. All on board survived[1]

April[]

4 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 4 April 1866
Ship Country Description
Ebgante  UKGBI Canada While en route to Liverpool from New York City with a cargo of oak, the vessel was abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean 100 miles west of the Isles of Scilly. The crew were picked up by the Ferdinand ( Bremen) and later transferred to the pilot cutter Agnes ( United Kingdom) and taken to St Mary's, Isles of Scilly.[6]

12 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 12 April 1866
Ship Country Description
Gilmore  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The full-rigged ship was wrecked off St Martin's, Isles of Scilly. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Southampton, Hampshire to Quebec City, Canada.

25 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 25 April 1866
Ship Country Description
Cubana  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The Sunderland barque struck the Seven Stones reef while both her master and mate were asleep below. She was bound for St Jago, Cuba, with 16 crew, one passenger, and a cargo of coal, iron, and mining gear. Ten of the crew and the passenger took to one of the boats, rowed to the Sevenstones Lightship, and transferred to St Mary's, Isles of Scilly, by pilot cutter.[6]

26 April[]

List of shipwrecks: 26 April 1866
Ship Country Description
Water Witch  United States Overloaded with iron ore, the schooner sank in a storm on Lake Champlain. An infant on board was killed.

May[]

3 May[]

List of shipwrecks: 3 May 1866
Ship Country Description
Flach  Chilean Navy The submarine sank with the loss of her entire 11-man crew during a test run in the bay off Valparaiso, Chile.
Hornet  United States The clipper ship burned at sea and sank in the Pacific Ocean during a voyage from New York City to San Francisco, California. The crew abandoned ship in three open lifeboats, two of which disappeared. Fourteen men survived for 43 days aboard the third boat before reaching Hawaii on 15 June 1866.

13 May[]

List of shipwrecks: 13 May 1866
Ship Country Description
General Grant  United States

Illustration of the wreck of General Grant from Harper's Weekly, 16 May 1868.

The barque ran aground and sank off the Auckland Islands, south of New Zealand. Sixty-eight of those aboard (55 passengers and 13 crew) were lost. Several attempts were made to salvage gold from the wreck.

June[]

July[]

12 July[]

List of shipwrecks: 12 July 1866
Ship Country Description
Cawarra  New South Wales The paddle steamer was overwhelmed by large waves and sank bow first in the harbor at Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, with the loss of 60 lives. Only one passenger survived.

14 July[]

List of shipwrecks: 14 July 1866
Ship Country Description
Netherby  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship ran aground and sank off King Island in the Bass Strait. All 462 people on board survived both the sinking and being marooned on the island.

20 July[]

List of shipwrecks: 20 July 1866
Ship Country Description
Palestro Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Regia Marina Third Italian War of Independence, Battle of Lissa: The coastal defense ship exploded and sank in the Adriatic Sea off Lissa with the loss of 211 of her 230-man crew after the ironclad warship SMS Erzherzog Ferdinand Max (Austrian Empire Imperial Austrian Navy) rammed her, dismasting her and setting her afire.
Re d'Italia Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Regia Marina Third Italian War of Independence, Battle of Lissa: The ironclad warship capsized and sank in the Adriatic Sea off Lissa with the loss of 400 of her 566-man crew after the ironclad warship SMS Erzherzog Ferdinand Max (Austrian Empire Imperial Austrian Navy) rammed her.

August[]

6 August[]

List of shipwrecks: 6 August 1866
Ship Country Description
Affondatore Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Regia Marina The ironclad warship sank in a storm while in port at Ancona, Italy. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[1]

September[]

2 September[]

List of shipwrecks: 2 September 1866
Ship Country Description
Rio de Janeiro  Brazilian Navy

1869 illustration of Rio de Janeiro sinking.

Paraguayan War, Battle of Curuzú: The ironclad warship sank immediately with the loss of 53 lives after striking a mine in the Apa River.

5 September[]

List of shipwrecks: 5 September 1866
Ship Country Description
General Sherman  United States After several days under attack by Korean forces while stranded on Yanggak island in the Taedong River across from Pyongyang, Korea, the sidewheel paddle steamer was set ablaze by Korean fireboats. Those of her crew who survived to reach shore were massacred by the Koreans.[1]

10 September[]

List of shipwrecks: 10 September 1866
Ship Country Description
Chasseur  France The brig was wrecked on the Greengrounds, in the Bristol Channel. Her crew were rescued by the tug Tweed ( United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). Chasseur was on a voyage from Swansea, Glamorgan, United Kingdom to Barcelona, Spain.[1]

18 September[]

List of shipwrecks: 18 September 1866
Ship Country Description
Emilie  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The schooner sank in five minutes after hitting the Seven Stones reef, between the Isles of Scilly and Cornwall, England, in fog while bound from Poole for Runcorn, England. Her crew of five survived.[6]

October[]

November[]

29 November[]

List of shipwrecks: 29 November 1866
Ship Country Description
Adolphus  New South Wales The brigantine was wrecked without loss of life on rocks west of Pier Head at the harbor at Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.[6]

December[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks". Swansea Docks. http://www.swanseadocks.co.uk/Gower%20wrecks%20Rons%20write-up%20site.pdf. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  2. "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. http://www.burtonbradstock.org.uk/History/Wrecks%20off%20Burton%20Bradstock/Historical%20list%20of%20wrecks.htm. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  3. cite web |url=http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?213318 |title=Dinanais (+1866) |publisher=wrecksite.eu
  4. "Den Tod vor Augen: Die unglückliche Reise der Bremer Bark LIBELLE in den Jahren 1864 bis 1866", Bernd Drechsler, Thomas Begerow, Peter Michael Pawlik, Hauschild Verlag, Bremen, 2007
  5. "CARDIGAN & DISTRICT SHIPWRECKS AND LIFEBOAT SERVICE". Glen Johnson. http://www.glen-johnson.co.uk/cardigan-district-shipwrecks-and-lifeboat-service/. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Larn, Richard (1992). The Shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly. Nairn: Thomas & Lochar. ISBN 0-946537-84-4. 
Ship events in 1866
Ship launches: 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871
Ship commissionings: 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871
Ship decommissionings: 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871
Shipwrecks: 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871

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