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This is a list of retired naval ships operated by the Hellenic Navy during its history:

Capital ships

The ironclad Psara

Ships of the line

  • Emmanouil 64 (1824, ex-Russian Emmanuil, purchased 1830) - BU 1832-33

Ironclads

Battleships

The battleship Lemnos

Cruisers

Sail cruiser

Armoured cruisers

HS Averof today (2006) as a museum ship in its original paint scheme.

  • Georgios Averof (1909 – today) - A Pisa-class armored cruiser (the only ship of this type still in existence), she served as the flagship of the Hellenic Royal Navy during the Balkan Wars, World War I and World War II, now a floating museum at Palaio Faliro. The ship, although currently a hulk, is still commissioned, has a skeleton naval crew and flies the ensign, jack and commission standard.

Light cruisers

  • Elli (1914–1940) - Built as the Fei Hung for China, taken over by Greece in 1914, sunk during peacetime by an Italian submarine.
  • Elli (1951–1965) - The ex-Eugenio di Savoia, given as war reparation for the original Elli to Greece after the Second World War.

Destroyers

Thyella-class destroyers

Niki-class destroyers

Wild Beast-class destroyers

German V-class destroyers

Freccia-class destroyers

Modified G-class destroyers

CoA of RHS Vasilissa Olga

Hunt-class destroyers

Gleaves-class destroyers

Wild Beast-class destroyers/Cannon-class destroyer escorts

Fletcher-class destroyers

HS Velos (D16) as a museum ship (2006)

Gearing-class destroyers

FRAM II type

FRAM I type

Rhein-class destroyer tenders

  • Aigaion (D03) (1976–1991) - The ex-Weser (A62).

Charles F. Adams-class destroyers

Frigates

Sail frigates

  • Hellas purchased during the Revolution from the United States (1826–1831)

Steam frigates

Knox-class frigates

Leased to Greece from the USN after the Gulf War.

Elli-class frigates/Kortenaer-class frigates

  • Bouboulina (F463) (ex-HNLMS Pieter Florisz. Commissioned on 14 December 2001, decommissioned on 18 February 2013.

Corvettes

RHS Sachtouris underway in September 1943, shortly after her transfer to the Royal Hellenic Navy.

Sail corvettes

  • Psara (1830–1833) renamed Prinkips Maximilianos (1833–1836) after Prince Maximilian of Bavaria.
  • Spetsai (1830–1831) the ex-Agamemnon, owned by Lascarina Bouboulina, and sold to the Hellenic Navy.
  • Hydra (1830–1831), burned along with the frigate Hellas and the corvette Spetsai
  • Loudovikos (1838–1873) renamed Messolongion in 1862, not operationally utilized due to its size (used as a training ship since 1846)

Steam corvettes

Flower-class corvettes

Torpedo boats

Antalya-class torpedo boats

Ottoman torpedo boats, scuttled in Preveza in 1912 during the First Balkan War, later salvaged by Greece.

  • Nikopolis (1913–1916), ex-Ottoman Antalya
  • Tatoi (1913–1916), ex-Ottoman Tokat

Alkyoni-class torpedo boats

  • Alkyoni (1914–1941)
  • Aigli (1914–1941)
  • Arethousa (1914–1941)
  • Dafni (1914–1926)
  • Doris (1914–1941)
  • Thetis (1914–1926)

Kydonia-class torpedo boats

These ships were transferred to Greece from Austria-Hungary as war reparations for World War I.

Esperos class torpedo boats

Seven former German Navy Type 141 torpedo boats. Four Esperos class torpedo boats (Esperos, Lelaps, Typhon, Kyklon) were sold in public auction on May 18, 2009.

  • Esperos, P-50 (1977–2004). Ex-P-196, formerly German Navy P-6068 Seeadler.
  • Lailaps, P-54 (1977–2004). Ex-P-228, formerly German Navy P-6070 Kondor.
  • Typhon, P-56 (1976–2005). Ex P-230, formerly German Navy P-6073 Geier.
  • Kyklon, P-53 (1976–2005). Ex P-199, formerly German Navy P-6071 Greif.
  • Kataigis, P-197 (1976–1981). Formerly German Navy P-6072 Falke.
  • Kentavros, P-52 (1977–1995). Ex P-198, formerly German Navy P-6075 Habicht.
  • Skorpios, P-55 (1977–1995). Ex P-229, formerly German Navy P-6077 Kormoran.

The remaining three boats of the class (P-6069 Albatros, P-6074 Bussard and P-6076 Sperber) were also transferred to the Hellenic Navy and used as sources for spare parts.

Landing ships

Dock landing ship (LSD)

Tank carriers (LST)

LST HS Syros, L144

  • Six former Royal Navy LST Mark 3
    • Acheloos (1947–1964), ex-HMS LST 3503
    • Aliakmon (1947–1964), ex-HMS LST 3002
    • Pineios (1947–1964), ex-HMS LST 3506
    • Strymon (1947–1962), ex-HMS LST 3502
    • Alfeios (1947–1962), ex-HMS LST 3020
    • Axios (1947–1962), ex-HMS LST 3007
  • Eight former United States Navy LST Mark 2
    • Syros (L144) (1964–1999), ex-USS LST-325. Currently preserved in Evansville, Indiana as the USS LST Ship Memorial Museum.[7]
    • Ikaria (L154) (1960–1998), ex-USS Potter County (LST-1086).
    • Rodos (L157) (1960–1990), ex-USS Bowman County (LST-391).
    • Limnos (L158) (1943–1977), ex-USS LST-36.
    • Kriti (L171) (1971–1999), ex-USS Page County (LST-1076).
    • Lesvos (L172) (1960–1990), ex-USS Boone County (LST-389). HS Lesvos was involved in combat action in Cyprus on July 20, 1974 (CO Lt Cdr E. Handrinos, HN). She was in the Paphos area on a scheduled mission, carrying replacement personnel to the ELDYK, the permanent Greek military force based in Cyprus. There she attacked the Turkish Cypriot garrison of Paphos with her 40 mm gun and forced them to surrender.[8]
    • Samos (L179) (1943–1977), ex-USS LST-33
    • Chios (L195) (1943–1977), ex-USS LST-35

Vehicle carriers (LSM-1)

  • Ypoploiarkhos Grigoropoulos (L161) (1958–1993), ex-USS LSM-45.
  • Ypoploiarchos Tournas (L162) (1958–1990).
  • Ypoploiarchos Daniolos (L163) (1958–1993).
  • Ypoploiarchos Roussen (L164) (1958–2001), ex-USS LSM-399.
  • Ypoploiarchos Krystallidis (L165) (1958–2000), ex-USS LSM-541.
  • Ypoploiarchos Merlin (L166) (1958–1972), ex-USS LSM-557. On November 15, 1972 she sunk 3 nm off Piraeus harbour after a collision with VLCC tanker World Hero (IMO 7033915), with the loss of 44 crew members.[10]

Landing craft (LCT)

Twelve WW II British landing craft (LCT) were transferred on loan to the Royal Hellenic Navy in 1945/1946. They were used for military transport and also for civilian transport due to the poor state of the railway system. Four were returned to the UK in 1953. The remaining were sold in 1963, with the exception of Kythira and Milos.[11]

  • Anafi
  • Kandanos
  • Kommeno (1945–1953)
  • Kythira (L185). Ex RN LCT-1198. Kythira remained in use as a naval personnel transport until the 2000s.
  • Malakassi (1945–1953)
  • Milos (L189). Ex RN LCT-1300. Milos remained in use as a naval personnel transport until the 2000s.
  • Paleochori (1945–1953)
  • Serifos
  • Sofades
  • Thira
  • Vrachni (1945–1953)

Guided missile boats

Tiger-class fast attack craft

  • Anninos (P14) (1972–2002), ex-HS Navsithoi (P56).
  • Arliotis (P15) (1972–2002), ex-HS Evniki (P55).
  • Konidis (P16) (1972–2003), ex-HS Kymothoi (P53).
  • Batsis (P17) (1972–2004), ex-HS Kalypso (P54). The ship was transferred to the Georgian Navy and renamed Dioskuria. It was severely damaged in the 2008 South Ossetia war and afterwards scuttled by the Russians.[12]
  • Vlahavas (P74) (1995–2011), ex-German Navy Marder (P6144).
  • Tournas (P76) (2000–2011), ex-German Navy Jaguar (P6147).
  • Sakipis (P77) (2000–2011), ex-German Navy Leopard (P6145).

La Combattante IIIb-class fast attack craft

Gunboats

Thetis-class gunboats

Formerly German Navy Class 420 or Thetis submarine hunters (U-Jagdboote).

  • Karteria (P65) (1992–2004), ex-Hermes (P6053).
  • Agon (P66) (1993–2004), ex-Theseus (P6056). Used as target and sunk with 2 Penguin missiles by PCFG Kavaloudis in Cretan Sea on October 21, 2008.[14]
  • Νiki (P62) (1991–2009), ex-Thetis, (P6052).
  • Doxa (P63) (1991–2010), ex-Najade (P6054).[15]
  • Eleftheria (P64) (1992–2010), ex-Triton (P6055).

Electronic interception ships

  • Ermis (A-373) (1988–2002). Ex-German Navy (class 422) fleet service vessel Oker (A53) (1961–1988). The former 1500 tn trawler Hoheweg, converted to an electronic surveillance ship by the German Navy in 1961 and sold to Greece in 1988.

Coastal patrol boats

  • Two Panagopoulos class (Hellenic Shipyards)
    • Panagopoulos II (P70) (1975–2003).
    • Panagopoulos ΙΙI (P96) (1975–2003).
  • Two Goulandris class (Neorion shipyards)
    • Goulandris I (P22) (1975–1990).
    • Goulandris II (P-289) (1977–1983), destroyed in an accident.
  • Three Delos-class (Abeking) air rescue patrol boats
    • Delos (P-267) ΑΝΣ Δήλος (1978–1999). Transferred to the Georgian Navy.
    • Knosos (P-268) ΑΝΣ Κνωσσός (1978–2000). Transferred to the Navy of the Republic of Cyprus.
    • Lindos (P-269) ΑΝΣ Λίνδος (1978–1998). Transferred to the Georgian Navy.

Minelayers

  • Aktion (Ν04) (1953–2000), ex-USS LSM-301.
  • Amvrakia (Ν05) (1953–2002), ex-USS LSM-303.

Minesweepers

  • Thalia (Μ210) (1969–2004), ex-USS MSC-170, ex-Belgian Navy Blankeberge (M923)
  • Dafni (Μ247) (1964–2004), ex-USS MSC-307.
  • Cleo (M213) (1968–2006), ex-USS MSC-317, originally named Argo (M213) in Greek service. Used as a target and sunk in Cretan Sea on April 30, 2009 with Exocet missiles launched by HS Xenos (P27) and HS Kavaloudis (P24).[16]
  • Kissa (M242) (1964–2010), ex-USS MSC-309.

Minehunters (Castagno class)

  • Euniki (Μ61) (1995–2005), ex-IS Gelso, M-5509
  • Erato (M-60) (1995–2006), ex-IS Castagno, M-5504. Used as target and sunk in Cretan Sea on October 22, 2008.[14]

Oil tankers

Fleet support ships

  • Evros A-415 (1976–2009), Ex-German Navy Schwarwald (A1400). A 2500 tonnes ammunition ship built by Dibigeon Shipyard, Nantes, France. Armed with two 40 mm twin Bofors guns.[17] Decommissioned on April 2, 2009.

Submarines

Pre–World War I submarines

  • Nordenfelt I - The first submarine designed by Thorsten Nordenfelt. It was a 56-tonne, 19.5-metre-long vessel similar to George Garrett's ill-fated Resurgam II of 1879, with a range of 240 km and armed with a single torpedo and a 25.4 mm machine gun. She was manufactured by Bolinders in Stockholm in 1884–1885. She operated on the surface using a 100 hp steam engine with a maximum speed of 9 knots, then she shut down the engine to dive. She was purchased by the Greek Government, was shipped to Greece in parts and assembled by the Ifaistos machine works in Piraeus; she was delivered to Salamis Naval Base in 1886. Following the acceptance tests, she was never used again by the Hellenic Navy and was scrapped in 1901.[18]
  • Delfin (1912–1920) - The first submarine in the world to launch a torpedo attack, during the First Balkan War.
  • Xifias (1913–1920)

Katsonis-class submarines

Built in France in 1925–27.

Protefs-class submarines

Built in France in 1927-30.

  • Protefs (Υ-3) (1929–1940) Named after the marine god Proteus.[21]
  • Nirefs (Υ-4) (1930–1947) Named after the marine god Nereus.[22]
  • Triton (Υ-5) (1930–1942) Named after the marine god Triton.[23]
  • Glafkos (Υ-6) (1930–1942) Named after the marine god Glaucus.[24]

Perla-class submarine

  • Matrozos (Υ-7) (1942–1945). The ex-Italian Perla, captured by the British Royal Navy and transferred to Greece. Named after the naval hero of the Greek Revolution, Georgios Matrozos.[25]

V-class submarines

Under lease from Britain.

  • Pipinos (Υ-8) (1943–1959) Named after the naval hero of the Greek Revolution, Andreas Pipinos.[26]
  • Delfin (Υ-9) (1945–1957)
  • Triaina (Υ-14) (1946–1958)
  • Argonaftis (Υ-15) (1946–1958)

U-class submarines

Under lease from the United Kingdom.

Gato-class submarines

Balao-class submarines

Tench-class submarine

Glavkos class submarine (Type 209-1100)

  • Glavkos (S-110) (1971–2011) - First Type 209 vessel to be built and become operational

Training ships

  • Aigli (M-246) (1995–2008), ex-USS MSC-299. A former minesweeper (1965–1995), she was used after 1995 as a training ship by HN Naval Training Command.[27] Decommissioned on 19 November 2008, she remained in storage at Souda Bay until 18 November 2009, when she was used as a target for a MM-38 Exocet missile.
  • Aris (A-74) (1979–2004). Former training ship, mainly used by the Hellenic Naval Academy and capable of being used as a hospital ship in time of war, build by Salamis Shipyards.[28] The ship had displacement 2400/2630 tonnes, length 100 m, beam 14.7 m and draught 4.5 m. It had a diesel powerplant of 10,000 hp and two shafts. It was armed with a 3 in gun, two Boffors 40 mm/70 guns and four Rheinmetall 20 mm anti-aircraft gus. There was accommodation for 370 cadet officers (midshipmen). After decommissioning (2004) she is moored at Naval Dock Crete, Souda Bay and used by NATO Maritime Interdiction Operations Training Center (NMIOTC) as a training facility.[29]

Tugboats

  • Titan I (88), built in Salamina Naval shipyard in 1937, destroyed in 1944
  • Iraklis (A-423), built by Anastasiadis-Iordanidis Shipyard in Perama, commissioned on 6 April 1978, decommissioned on 30 November 2009
  • Aegefs (A-438), a 57-ton tug, formerly of the German Navy, commissioned in 1993, decommissioned on 30 November 2009
  • Pilefs (A-413), a 57-ton tug, formerly of the German Navy, commissioned in 1993, decommissioned on 30 November 2009

Others

  • SS Corinthia. The former liner Oranje Nassau of the Royal Dutch Line. Built in 1911 by Royal Schelde, Flashing. Bought in 1939 by Aktoploia Ellados and renamed Corinthia. Requisitioned by the Royal Hellenic Navy in 1940 and used as a troopship. During the Axis occupation of Greece she was based in Alexandria, Egypt and used as a submarine tender. After the war she returned to passenger services in the fleet of Hellenic Mediterranean Lines until 1955. She was scrapped in 1959.[30][31]
  • Steamer Maximilianos (1837–1846): The first steamship built in Greece (Poros Naval shipyard). An unarmed 180 ton paddle steamer used as a royal yacht and for mail services. Out of service due to engine problems after 1841.
  • Steamer Othon (1838–1864): Greece's first "modern" military ship, built in Poros Naval shipyard. Powered by two 120 hp steam engines and armed with two 18 lb long guns and four 32 lb carronades.
  • Mount Othrys, named after Mount Othrys
  • Sotir (A-384), ex-RFA Salventure. A King Salvor-class salvage vessel, built by William Simons & Co (Renfrew) and equipped with a decompression chamber. Ships of this class had a displacement of 1780 tons and measured 65.4 m in length, 11.3 m in beam with a 3.9 m draught. They were powered by a triple-expansion, 6-cylinder 1500 hp reciprocating steam engine with two shafts and had a speed of 12 knots. She was commissioned in the Royal Hellenic Navy on May 5, 1947, on loan from the Royal Navy and decommissioned on April 24, 1976. Sold for scrap on behalf of the British Government in 1978.[32][33] The ship was used during the post-war salvage of a number of wrecks in Salamis Naval Base and other port facilities in Greece.
  • Tilemachos, named after Telemachus
  • Hermes (A-324), a 550 ton minsweeper tender (1946-1973). Formerly the British trawler Port Jackson on loan from the Royal Navy.

References

  1. HN webpage on Lemnos
  2. HN webpage on Kilkis
  3. Vice Admiral C. Paizis-Paradellis, HN (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. p. 24. ISBN 960-8172-14-4. 
  4. HN webpage on Makedonia (F-458)
  5. HN webpage on Thraki (F457)
  6. HN webpage on Ipiros (F456)
  7. The USS LST Ship Memorial
  8. Lesvos L-172 (1960–1990)
  9. http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/gallery06.asp
  10. "Vehicle Carrier Merlin, Lieutenant L-166 (1958–1972)". Hellenic Navy. 2008. http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/merlin58_72_en.asp. 
  11. Vice Admiral C. Paizis-Paradellis, HN (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. ISBN 960-8172-14-4. 
  12. Picture of MFAC Dioskuria in Poti with damage behind the bridge
  13. "Fast Guided Missile Boat type Combattante IIIb Kostakos, Lieutenant P-17(1980–1996)". Hellenic Navy. 2008. http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/kwstakos80_96_en.asp. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 http://www.defencenet.gr/defense/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=5589&Itemid=51
  15. 27/4/2010 Παροπλισμος Κανονιοφόρων ΔΟΞΑ και ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ
  16. http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/new_details.asp?hn_new_id=1556
  17. Vice Admiral C. Paizis-Paradellis, HN (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. pp. 68. ISBN 960-8172-14-4. 
  18. Vice Admiral C. Paizis-Paradellis, HN (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. p. 133. ISBN 960-8172-14-4. 
  19. HN webpage on Katsonis (Y-1)
  20. HN webpage on Papanikolis (Y-2)
  21. HN webpage on Protefs (Y-3)
  22. HN webpage on Nirefs (Y-4)
  23. HN webpage on Triton (Y-5)
  24. HN webpage on Glafkos (Y-6)
  25. HN webpage on Matrozos (Y-7)
  26. HN webpage on Pipinos (Υ-8)
  27. Training ship EGLI - Review
  28. "Training Ship Aris Α-74(1979 - 2004)". Hellenic Navy. 2008. http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/arhs_A-74_en.asp. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  29. "NMIOTC Interim Solution". NATO NMIOTC. http://www.hellenicnavy.gr/nmiotc/index_en.html. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  30. Vice Admiral C. Paizis-Paradellis, HN (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. pp. 99. ISBN 960-8172-14-4.  Wrongly spelled as Korinthia in this reference.
  31. Hellenic Mediterranean Lines ship images
  32. Jeremy Olver: King Salvor Class Salvage Vessels, The Royal Navy Postwar, 2000.[dead link]
  33. Vice Admiral C. Paizis-Paradellis, HN (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. pp. 165. ISBN 960-8172-14-4.  Wrongly named as RFA Salventure Reclaim in this reference, RFA Reclaim was another ship of this class.

Further reading

  • C. Paizis-Paradellis (2002). Hellenic Warships 1829–2001 (3rd Edition). Athens, Greece: The Society for the study of Greek History. ISBN 960-8172-14-4. 

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