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This is a list of conflicts in Europe ordered chronologically, including wars between European nations, civil Wars within European nations, wars between a European nation and a non-European nation that took place within Europe and global conflicts, in which Europe was a theatre of war.

Note, there are various definitions of Europe and in particular there is significant dispute about the eastern and south-eastern boundaries, specifically about how to treat the countries of the former Soviet Union and break-away nations of the Russian Federation. This list is based on a wide definition that includes much of the interface between Europe and South-West Asia.


1st–10th century AD[]

Battle of the Milvian Bridge, 312

Battle of the Hellespont, 324

11th century[]

Battle of Hastings (1066)

Battle of Gvozd Mountain, 1097

12th century[]

Monument of Didgori Battle, Georgia

13th century[]

The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, 1212

14th century[]

Battle of Sluys, 1340, from a manuscript

Battle of Nájera, 1367

15th century[]

Battle of Formigny, 1450

16th century[]

Battle of Marignano, 1515

Siege of Narva, 1558

Siege of Szigetvar, 1566

St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, 1572

Battle of Sisak, 1593

17th century[]

Siege of Breda, 1624

Action at La Hogue, 1692

18th century[]

Battle of Denain, 1712

Battle of Fontenoy, 1745

Great Siege of Gibraltar, 1779–83

19th century[]

Battle of Marengo, 1800

Napoléon at the Battle of Austerlitz (1805), by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard

Battle of Akhalzic (1828), by January Suchodolski


The Sea Battle of Lissa by Carl Frederik Sørensen, 1868

20th century[]

Explosion of the Hawthorn Ridge mine, 1 July 1916, marked the beginning of the Battle of the Somme.

File:Испанская 11 интербригада в бою под Бельчите. 1937.jpg

Republican International Brigadiers at the Battle of Belchite, 1937

German Stuka dive bombers in the Eastern Front (World War II) 1941–45

A Soviet IS-2 tank in Leipzig during the 1953 East Germany Uprising

Icelandic patrol ship ICGV Odinn and British frigate HMS Scylla clash during the Third Cod War

UN troops on their way up "Sniper Alley" in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War

A Russian helicopter downed by Chechen militants, during the First Chechen War

The Russian Army's Vostok Battalion in South Ossetia

21st century[]


See also[]

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