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M1A1 Abrams pose for a photo under the "Hands of Victory" in Ceremony Square, Baghdad, Iraq.


This is a list of known Coalition military operations of the Iraq War. As of July 2007, there were over 500 known named operations attributed to the ongoing conflict in Iraq. This is not a complete list, but it continues to grow as more operations occur or are identified.

2003

Though the initial war lasted for only 21 days the coalition soon found themselves fighting insurgent forces more and more often. Additionally, with the increasing use of guerilla tactics, suicide bombings and improvised explosive devices, just walking down the street became extremely dangerous. Upon completion of the initial conflict the coalition troops began counterinsurgency, humanitarian, security and various other types of operations in order to stabilize the country and make it safe for the Iraqi people. From the end of the initial war until the present day, these are the types of operations that coalition troops continue to complete in efforts to eliminate the insurgency and anti-coalition forces.

2004

Areas of responsibility in Iraq as of 30 April 2004

During the early occupation, a number of widely cited humanitarian, tactical, and political errors by coalition planners, particularly the United States and United Kingdom led to a growing armed resistance, usually called the "Iraqi insurgency" (referred to by the mainstream media and coalition governments). The anti-occupation/anti-coalition forces are believed to be predominantly, but not exclusively, Iraqi Sunni Muslim Arabs, plus some foreign Arab and Muslim fighters, some of the latter tied to al-Qaeda. Several minor coalition members have pulled out of Iraq; this has been widely considered a political success for the anti-occupation forces.

Despite this, there was a reduction in violence throughout Iraq in the start of 2004 due to reorganization within the insurgent forces. During this time the tactics used by coalition forces were studied and the insurgency began to plan a new strategy. The calm did not last long however and once the insurgency had regained its footing attacks resumed and increased. Throughout the remainder of 2004 and continuing into the present day, the insurgency has employed bombings as their primary means of combating the coalition forces. This has led to hundreds of Iraqi civilians and police killed in addition to the coalition forces they were fighting. Many were killed in a series of massive bombings at mosques and shrines throughout Iraq. The bombings indicated that as the relevance of Saddam Hussein and his followers was diminishing, radical Islamists, both foreign and Iraqi was increasing to take their place. An organized Sunni insurgency, with deep roots and both nationalist and Islamist motivations, was becoming clear. The Mahdi Army also began launching attacks on coalition targets and to seize control from the Iraqi security forces. The southern and central portions of Iraq began to erupt in urban guerilla combat as coalition forces attempted to keep control and prepared for a counteroffensive.

In response to insurgent attacks, coalition forces focused on hunting down the remaining leaders of the former regime, culminating in the shooting deaths of Saddam's two sons in July. In all, over 200 top leaders of the former regime were killed or captured, as well as supports and military personnel during the summer of 2004.

2005

Coalition and Iraqi government forces continue to battle Iraqi militants and other fighters. During early and mid-May 2005, the U.S. also launched Operation Matador, an assault by around 1,000 marines in the ungoverned region of western Iraq. Coalition and Iraqi soldiers, Iraqi fighters and civilians have been killed in these conflicts. As of late July 2007, nearly 3,700 U.S. soldiers have been killed, and around ten times this many have been wounded. The number of Iraqi citizens who have fallen victim to the fighting has risen. The Iraqi government, with some holdovers from the CPA, engaged in securing control of the oil infrastructure (a source of Iraq's foreign currency) and control of the major cities of Iraq. The insurgency, the developing the New Iraqi Army, disorganized police and security forces, as well as a lack of revenue have hampered efforts to assert control. In addition, former Baathist elements and militant Shia groups have engaged in sabotage, terrorism, open rebellion, and establishing their own security zones in all or part of a dozen cities. The Allawi government vowed to crush the insurgency.

An election for a government to draft a permanent constitution took place during this time (ed. see Politics of Iraq for more information on the political state of Iraq). Although some violence and lack of widespread Sunni participation marred the event, much of the eligible Kurd and Shia populace participated. Sectarian violence has also been prominent part of the militant and guerrilla activity. Targets here where often Shia gatherings or civilian concentrations mainly of Shias. As a result, over 700 Iraqi civilians died in the month.

2006

Salah Ad Din Governorate, (31 March 2006) – An Iraq Army soldier assigned to the 1st Battalion, 1st Brigade, 4th Division, mans a checkpoint during Operation Red Light II, on the outskirts of Monfia village in the Western Desert

The beginning of 2006 was marked by government creation talks, growing sectarian violence, and continuous anti-coalition attacks. Sectarian violence expanded to a new level of intensity following the al-Askari Mosque bombing in the Iraqi city of Samarra, on 22 February 2006. The explosion at the mosque, one of the holiest sites in Shi'a Islam, is believed to have been caused by a bomb planted by Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Although no injuries occurred in the blast, the mosque was severely damaged and the bombing resulted in violence over the following days.

As of 20 October the U.S military announced that Operation Together Forward had failed to stem the tide of violence in Baghdad, and Shiite militants under al-Sadr seized several southern Iraq cities.[1]

On 23 November, the deadliest attack since the beginning of the Iraq war occurred. Suspected Sunni-Arab militants used five suicide car bombs and two mortar rounds on the capital's Shiite Sadr City slum to kill at least 215 people and wound 257. Shiite mortar teams quickly retaliated, firing 10 shells at Sunni Islam's most important shrine in Baghdad, badly damaging the Abu Hanifa mosque and killing one person. Eight more rounds slammed down near the offices of the Association of Muslim Scholars, the top Sunni Muslim organisation in Iraq, setting nearby houses on fire. Two other mortar barrages on Sunni neighborhoods in west Baghdad killed nine and wounded 21, police said.[2]

After capture in December 2003, Saddam Hussein was hanged on 30 December 2006 after being found guilty of crimes against humanity by an Iraqi court.[3]

2007

Soldiers have a short meeting at an airfield in Baqubah before an air assault into an outlying village of the city, 18 June 2007

2007 saw a rise in humanitarian and peacekeeping operations as well as a large "surge" in US forces designed to help stabilize the region.

On 10 January 2007, President Bush announced changes in the administration's political and military strategy in the Iraq War during a television speech broadcast. The speech and underlying strategy had been crafted under the working title "The New Way Forward." In the address Bush stated “America will change our strategy to help the Iraqis carry out their campaign to put down sectarian violence and bring security to the people of Baghdad. This will require increasing American force levels. So I've committed more than 20,000 additional American troops to Iraq. The vast majority of them—five brigades—will be deployed to Baghdad."

As part of this new strategy, 2007 saw several major military operations aimed at eliminating insurgent activities, increase support services such as medical facilities and utilities and the training of Iraqi citizens as police or military personnel.

The largest of these new operations were Operations Law and Order, Phantom Thunder and Phantom Strike.

2008

Battle/Operation name From date To date Location Purpose and result
Operation al Salam, (Peace) 20 May 2008 Sadr City, Iraq Intended to stop the violence in the Sadr City area of Baghdad[4][5][6]
Operation Balad Musalahah 22 May 2008 2008 Balad area Allowing reconciliation of insurgents.[7]
Operation Bessemer 21 August 2008 21 August 2008 near Bayji Air assault operation designed to clear the area of Islamist extremists.[8][9]
Operation Bring on the Docs 21 August 2008 21 August 2008 Wasit Focused on education for local health care professionals and citizens of the district.[10]
Operation Chelsea Creek 14 June 2008 14 June 2008 Salah ad Din province The objective of the operation is to stop the movements of a Shiite criminal group operating in the area[11]
Operation Cretan 8 August 2008 8 August 2008 Salah ad Din province to find and detain suspected criminals throughout the area[12]
Operation Dead Bluff 14 October 2008 14 October 2008 Tigris River Combined air assault mission to look for weapons caches[13]
Operation Dodge City II 4 August 2008 4 August 2008 Southern Muehla to find and detain suspected criminals throughout the area[14][15]
Operation Eagle North 8 August 2008 8 August 2008 Abu Osage Village of the Sa’id Abdullah Corridor to find and detain suspected criminals throughout the area[16]
Operation Eagle Pursuit 31 July 2008 31 July 2008 Salahuddin province Pursued Several al-Qaida in Iraq fighters killing three, detaining nine and another detonated his suicide vest, killing himself.[17]
Operation Estonia 29 March 2008 30 March 2008 the cities of Hamza and Hashmiyah, Iraq detained numerous criminals and found two caches[18]
Operation Fullton Harvest 12 January 2008 17 January 2008 the cities of Hamza and Hashmiyah, Iraq Located an insurgent hideout camp, underground bunkers, vehicle-borne explosives and 30 pressure-plate explosives.[19]
Operation Gravel Dump 28 May 2008 28 May 2008 Karma,Iraq Joint USMC/Iraqi Army search of gravel trucks for smuggled weapons.[20][21]
Operation Iron Harvest 9 January 2008 Northern Iraq To pursue al-Qaeda in Iraq and extremist elements from the region. A sub operation of the corps-level offensive Operation Phantom Phoenix.[22][23][24]
Operation Iron King's Mountain September 13, 2008 Sayidot Village Air assault mission to gather intelligence and look for insurgents.[25]
Operation Iron Pursuit 29 July 2008 29 July 2008 Jazirah, Iraq To pursue al-Qaeda in Iraq and extremist elements from the region. A sub operation of the corps-level offensive Operation Phantom Phoenix.[26]
Operation Iron Roundup II 2008 6 July 2008 provinces north of Baghdad—Diyala, Salah ad Din, Kirkuk and Ninewa Discovered weapons caches and detained three suspected terrorists[27]
Operation Jazeera Sweep August 9, 2008 August 21, 2008 Discovered weapons caches and searched for insurgents[28]
Operation Kips Bay 8 August 2008 8 August 2008 Al Betra A combined air assault operation.[29]
Operation Lion 30 May 2008 30 May 2008 Quayyarrah, Iraq [30]
Operation Lion Hunt 6 June 2008 6 June 2008 Ninewah province, Iraq the first unilateral Iraqi-led aerial operation conducted by the 11th brigade, 3rd Iraqi Army division.[31]
Operation Lions Paw 2008 2008 throughout Iraq During the Ramadan month, between fifty and seventy Iraqis will be released from U.S. detention centers in Iraq each day[32]
Operation Lions Roar 19 May 2008 19 May 2008 the Younis al-Sabawi neighborhood of Mosul, Iraq Discovered a cache consisted of more than 100 mortar rounds, more than 100 mortar fuses, two mortar tubes, two mortar bipods, one suicide vest, two rockets and eight mines.[5][33][34]
Operation Manchu Harvest III (Salah ad Din) 4 April 2008 2008 Salah ad Din Province, Iraq discovered a large weapons cache
Operation Marne Grand Slam 15 February 2008 15 March 2008 southeast of Baghdad Focused on pursuing the enemy and clearing al-Qaeda safe havens. Transitioned to Operation Marne Rugged in March 2008.[35]
Operation Marne Piledriver 15 April 2008 2008 the Mahmudiyah area Will continue efforts to root out insurgency and stimulate economic growth and development throughout the Mahmudiyah Qada[36]
Operation Marne Rugged 15 March 2008 southeast of Baghdad Focused on pursuing the enemy and clearing al-Qaeda safe havens.[37][38]
Operation Marne Thunderbolt January 2008 15 February 2008 southeast of Baghdad Focused on pursuing the enemy and clearing al-Qaeda safe havens. Transitioned to Operation Marne Grand Slam in February 2008.[22][39][40][41]
Operation Menke February 15, 2008 March 15, 2008 Salhiya Orphanage in the Karadah District of central Baghdad Hand out toys to children at a Baghdad orphanage.[42]
Operation Monmouth 27 August 2008 27 August 2008 Habbash Village search for weapon caches and suspected criminals[43]
Operation Mother of Two Springs May 2008 May 2008 Mosul and Ninevah provinces Iraqi army and Iraqi police have discovered 40 weapons and explosives caches[5]
Operation Myrtle Beach V 16 August 2008 16 August 2008 Kalsu Targeted suspected al-Qaida activity in the area.[44]
Operation Newark 20 May 2008 20 May 2008 Zaidon,Iraq an air assault census mission conducted by the 22nd brigade, 6th Iraqi Army division[45]
Operation New Town 10 June 2008 10 June 2008 Shakriyah,Iraq an air assault census mission conducted by the 22nd brigade, 6th Iraqi Army division[46]
Operation Oklahoma 8 January 2008 9 February 2008 Near Mahmudiyah? clearing houses.
Operation Phantom Phoenix 8 January 2008 southeast of Baghdad, Northern Iraq Focused on pursuing the enemy and clearing al-Qaeda safe havens.[22][23][24][41][47]
Operation Raider Harvest 8 January 2008 southeast of Baghdad, Northern Iraq A sub operation of Operation Iron Harvest.[24][48][49]
Operation Restore Peace VI 18 May 2008 18 May 2008 Forward Operating Base McHenry, Iraq To reconcile with combatants. Reported a 90% drop in violence in certain areas.
Operation Rock Reaper December 2007 2008 west of Baquba, Iraq Effort to clear Al-Queda strongholds[50]
Operation Sawlat al-Fursan (Charge of the Knights) March 24, 2008 April 2008 Basra and al Qurnah, Iraq Targeting criminal elements by the Iraqi Army and Iraqi Security Forces[51]
Operation Siegfried Line 24 May 2008 24 May 2008 southern Baghdad, Iraq detained numerous suspected criminals in the Bayaa community[52]
Operation Spring Break May 2008 May 2008 Lake Tharthar, Iraq 4 day joint operation between U.S. Marines and Iraqi Army scouts.[53]
Operation Summit Pursuit May 2008 May 2008 Hegnah, Iraq Search for insurgent activity.[15]
Operation Tusker Chamberlain May 2008 May 2008 West Rashid Four suspects were apprehended.[54]
Operation Varsity February 2008 February 2008 the Obedi region To search for insurgent activity[55]
Operation Viking Expedition 27 March 2008 27 March 2008 southern Diyala river valley Destroyed car bombs and a weapons cache using close air support[56]
Operation Viper Pursuit 1 August 2008 30 August 2008 the Sulayman Bak area to search for insurgent activity[57]

2009

Battle/Operation name From date To date Location Purpose and result
Operation Glad Tidings of Benevolence II 2009 2009 The operation has consisted of clearing areas in search of weapons caches, checking identification for known criminals and bringing humanitarian assistance to local communities.[58]
Operation Goodwill 23 January 2009 2009 Maysan province Distributed food, toys and medical supplies to poor Iraqis in the rural villages of Maysan province, to include the villages of Amarah and Abu Romanah.[59]
Operation Iron Gator 14 January 2009 2009 Salman Pak A series of ground breaking projects totaling $2 million to improve the security and infrastructure of Salman Pak, southeast of Baghdad.[60]
Operation Legion Pursuit II 2009 2009 Diyala Province The top three key tasks of Legion Pursuit II were to project and sustain Iraqi Security and Coalition forces in the villages of Abu Bakr and Abu Awad, Diyala Province, Iraq and to conduct a detailed census of the towns and to provide humanitarian assistance in order to bolster ISF and local national relations.[61]
Operation New Hope 21 February 2009 ? Mosul Joint US and Iraqi operation with the objective of degrading Al-Qaeda in Iraq's capabilities in Mosul. In the first evening hours of the offensive, 84 suspects were arrested on suspicion of involvement in terrorism.[62]
Operation Ninewa Resolve 14 April 2009 ? Neighborhoods in Ninewa This was a subset of Operation New Hope. As part of the operation, Coalition and Iraqi forces partner to clear insurgents from neighborhoods in Ninewa's capital city of Mosul. After the neighborhood is cleared, a holding force is put into place to prevent the return of insurgents. Once the neighborhood is secured, the holding force begins quick-impact projects to employ Iraqis and spur economic development and reconstruction.[63]
Operation Wolf Pursuit February 2009 ? Diyala Province Was a joint US and Iraqi operation aimed at targeting insurgents in rural areas of Diyala Province, and the rural southern area of Balad Ruz specifically.[64]

2010

Battle/Operation name From date To date Location Purpose and result
Battle of the Palm Grove 9 September 2010 9-12-2010 Hudaidy, Diyala, Iraq Iraqi police and army supported by American Trainers engaged in a 3-day indecisive engagement with insurgents.
Operation New Dawn 2010 2010 Iraq The continuing operation to stabilize Iraq. Name change is meant to signal the change of mission for U.S. forces in Iraq.

Soviet Antonov An-2 airplane sprays pesticide on wheat crops during Operation Barnstormer (May 2006).

See also

References

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  4. Gordon, Michael R.; Farrell, Stephen (21 May 2008). "Iraqi Troops Take Charge of Sadr City in Swift Push". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/21/world/middleeast/21baghdad.html?fta=y. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
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External articles

Maps of Iraq
Iraqi sources
  • Iraq Diaries – Iraqis writing about their experiences of war.
  • The Ground Truth Project – A series of exclusive, in-depth interviews with Iraqis, aid workers, military personnel and others who have spent significant time on-the-ground in Iraq.
  • What Iraqis Think – A compilation of the latest polls and blogs coming out of Iraq.
Casualties

(additional links not found in Casualties links section)

Combat operations related
News
  • Electronic Iraq: Daily news and analysis from Iraq with a special focus on the Iraqi experience of war.
  • News from Iraq: Aggregated news on the war, including politics and economics.





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