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This is a list of armed groups in the Syrian Civil War.

Generic list

Overall conflict (2011–present)

Syria Axis of Resistance[1] Syria Syrian Interim Government
and allies
Kurdish Self-Administration
and allies
ISIS Government
and allies
Syria Syrian government forces

Allied armed groups:

 Iran[23][24][25]

Direct military support:

Indirect military support:

Islamic Front[40]

Syria Free Syrian Army

al-Qaeda network[41]

Syria Syria Revolutionaries Front

Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union[50][51]
Syria Authenticity and Development Front[52][53]
Syria Ahfad al-Rasul Brigade[54][55]
Army of Mujahedeen[56]
Ghuraba al-Sham (jihadist)[57]
Iraq Free Iraqi Army
Hizb ut-Tahrir
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
Muslim Brotherhood of Syria[58]
Syria Free Syrian Union[59]
Harakat Fajr ash-Sham al-Islamiya
Syria Yarmouk Martyrs Brigade[60]
Abna Harakat al-Islam
Jaysh al-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah
Deir-ez Zor Sharia Court[61]
Fajrul Islam
Syria Brigade of al-Qaka
Syria Revolutionary Council
Syria Tawafiq[62]
Fajr al-Islam[63]
Kurdish Katibat al-Taliban
Liwa al-Tawhid wal-Jihad[64]
Syria Liwa al-Asifa[65]
Ansar al-Khalifa Brigade[66]
Qalamoun Liberation Front[67]
Jaysh al-Sham[68]
Direct military support:

Indirect military support:

Kurdish Self-Administration

Syriac Union Party

Direct military support:

  • Kurdistan Regional Government[83]
    • Kurdistan Democratic Party[84]
    • Patriotic Union of Kurdistan[84]

Indirect military support:

  • Kurdistan Workers' Party[85]

See: Kurdistan campaign

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Jund al-Aqsa[86]
See: Rebel-ISIS conflict

Front lines by 27th January, 2014.

  Controlled by ISIS
  Controlled by Syrian government
  Controlled by Kurdish forces
  Controlled by IF, FSA and al-Qaeda

Note:

  • The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant was formerly part of al-Qaeda, but was disavowed by al-Qaeda General Command, which stated: "It is not affiliated with al-Qaeda and has no relationship with it... al-Qaeda is not responsible for ISIS's actions."[87]
  • The United States alleges that Belarus has provided or attempted to provide direct military support to the Syrian government. Belarus denies this.[88] There are also unconfirmed rumours that Algeria is providing military support to Syria.[89]
  • There is regular conflict between various rebel groups. However, members of the People's Protection Units have occasionally coordinated with the Free Syrian Army.[90] In the Rebel-ISIS conflict, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Jund al-Aqsa have been fighting the Free Syrian Army, the Syria Revolutionaries Front, the Army of Mujahedeen, the Islamic Front and some units of the al-Nusra Front. Ghuraba al-Sham has clashed with the al-Nusra Front and the al-Tawhid Brigade of the Islamic Front.[91][92] Members of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria[93] as well as the Kurdish Freedom Party have on occasion clashed with the People's Protection Units, the armed wing of the Democratic Union Party.[94]
  • The Kurdish National Council has joined the Syrian National Coalition—though without officially committing any military forces to the opposition—while simultaneously retaining its membership in the Kurdish Supreme Council alongside the PYD.[95]
  • The Islamic Front is a 2013 merger of two former rebel groups; the Syrian Islamic Liberation Front and the Syrian Islamic Front.
  • The Syrian Electronic Army is a Syrian-government aligned group that is engaged in cyberwarfare.

Spillover in Lebanon (2011–present)

See: Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon, Lebanese–Syrian border clashes, Battle of Sidon (2013) and Iranian embassy bombings

Syria Allies of the Syrian government al-Qaeda network
Syria Syrian National Council
and allies
 Lebanon
Syria Arab Democratic Party[10]

Syrian Social Nationalist Party[96]
23x15px Hezbollah[4]

Al-Nusra Front

Fatah al-Islam
Jund al-Sham
Syria Free Syrian Army
Abdullah Azzam Brigade
Supported by:
Future Movement

 Lebanon

Turkish clashes (2012–2013)

See: 2012 Syrian–Turkish border clashes, 2013 Reyhanlı bombings and June 2012 interception of Turkish aircraft

Syria Syrian government  Turkey
 Syria  Turkey

Spillover in the Golan Heights and Israeli airstrikes (2012–present)

See: Quneitra Governorate clashes (2012–present), January 2013 Rif Dimashq airstrike, May 2013 Rif Dimashq airstrikes and July 2013 Latakia explosion

Syria Syrian government
and allies
Syria Syrian National Council
al-Qaeda network
 Israel
 Syria Syria Free Syrian Army

Al-Nusra Front

 Israel

Spillover in Jordan (2012)

See: October 2012 Jordanian–Syrian border clash

 Jordan Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
 Jordan Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Spillover in Iraq (2013–14)

See: Akashat ambush and Operation al-Shabah

Syria Syrian government
and allies
al-Qaeda network
 Syria

 Iraq

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Al-Nusra Front
Iraq Free Iraqi Army

Detailed list

Syrian government and allies

Name Leader Involved since Strength Description Ideology
Syrian Armed Forces Bashar al-Assad March 2011 Approximately 178,000[97] Government's primary military force. Ba'athism
Secularism
National Defense Force Bashar al-Assad 2013[98] 60,000[99] Government counter-insurgency force. Secularism
Syrian Resistance Mihraç Ural 2011 2,000 Pro-government Marxist militia. Syrian nationalism
Marxism-Leninism
Ba'ath Brigades Bashar al-Assad 2012 Pro-government counter-insurgency militia. Ba'athism
Secularism
Lebanese Militias:
Hezbollah Hassan Nasrallah 2012[98] 2,000[100] Militant group based in Lebanon, designated by the US as a terrorist group. Ideology of Hezbollah
Iraqi Militias:
Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas Abu Ajeeb 2012 10,000 Shia Syrian militant group formed due to desecration of shrines, heritage sites and place of worship by the rebels. It is Active around Damascus. Shia Islamism
Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq Akram al-Kaabi 2012 An offshot of Iraqi Shia insurgent group. It is active around Aleppo. Shia Islamism

Syrian National Coalition, al-Qaeda Network and allies

Name Leader Involved since Strength Description Ideology
Free Syrian Army Abdul-Ilah al-Bashir July 2011 40,000[101][102][103][104][105] Main opposition group. Initially an umbrella term for defected Syrian soldiers, later became more organized. Diverse, Mostly Islamism
Islamic Front Amad Essa Al-Sheikh[106] November 2013[106] 45,000[107] Merger of major rebel groups.[106] Islamism[108]
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union Muhammad Abu al-Fatih December 2013 15,000[51] Merger of Damascus area rebel groups[51] Islamism
Ahfad al-Rasul Brigade Ziad Haj Obaid[42] July 2012 15,000[54] An independent brigade
Authenticity and Development Front Khalid al-Hammad November 2012 13,000[60] Islamism
Al-Nusra Front Abu Mohammad al-Golani[109] January 2012 7,000[110]-15,000[111] Designated by the US as a terrorist group. Pledged allegiance to Al-Qaeda. Sunni Islamism
Salafist jihadism
Islamic fundamentalism
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi April 2013 5,000[112]–22,500[113] Formerly Al-Qaeda's branch in Iraq, provided significant support for Al-Nusra Front, designated by the US as a terrorist group. Sunni Islamism
Salafist Jihadism
Islamic terrorism
anti-Shia
Army of Mujahedeen Tawfeeq Shihab al-Din January 2014[114] ~5,000[115] Coalition of Islamist rebels formed to fight ISIL. Islamism[116]
Fatah al-Islam April 2012 200 Lebanese al-Qaeda affiliate. Sunni Islamism
Salafist Jihadism

Kurdish Supreme Committee and allies

Name Leader Involved since Strength Description Ideology
Democratic Union Party (PYD) Salih Muslim Muhammad 2012 15,000[117]–40,000[118]
Note: Figure is for the People's Protection Units (YPG), which the PYD claims are not its exclusive militia, but rather are under the command of the higher Supreme Committee
Dominant Kurdish political party within the Supreme Committee
Note: Officially part of a larger coalition called the People's Council of West Kurdistan (MGRK), which includes a number of civil unions and a few marginal leftist political parties. Also a member of the Koma Civakên Kurdistan, founded by the PKK.
Democratic socialism
Kurdish nationalism
Kurdish autonomy[119]
Jabhat al-Akrad Hajji Ahmed Kurdi 2012 7,000[120] Ex-Free Syrian Army brigade, close to YPG Pro-Kurdish rights
Anti-Assad government
Kurdish National Council (KNC) Feysel Yusuf 2012 1,500[83]
Note: Figure claimed by the leader of one minor party within the bloc, but no known participation in any conflict.
Opposition alliance of smaller Kurdish parties within the Supreme Committee
Note: Largely dominated by the KDP-S, which also formed a separate caucus called the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union. Most members are politically tied to either the KDP or the PUK in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Kurdish nationalism
Kurdish autonomy
Liberal democracy

Coalitions

Note:

  • Groups that are part of multiple coalitions or sub-groups are listed twice, although their subsequent sub-groups will not necessarily be repeated.
  • This section aims to include all sub-groups involved in the Syrian Civil War. It is incomplete.

Rebel coalitions

Syria Free Syrian Army
40,000 fighters[101][102][103][105]
Syria Farouq Brigades

Syria Syria Revolutionaries Front[102]

  • Syria Idlib Military Council
  • Syria Syrian Martyrs' Brigade (Idlib province)[121]
  • Syria Ahrar al-Zawia Brigades
  • Syria Ansar Brigades
  • Syria Coming Victory Brigades
  • Syria Seventh Division
  • Syria Ninth Division of Aleppo
  • Syria Farouq al-Shamal Battalions
  • Syria Ghab Wolves Brigade
  • Syria Idlib Martyrs’ Brigade
  • Syria Ahrar al-Shamal Brigade
  • Syria Riyad al-Salehin Battalions of Damascus
  • Syria Farouq Battalions of Hama
  • Syria Special Assignments Regiment of Damascus

Syria Syrian Turkmen Brigades[122]
Syria Liwaa al-Umma
Syria Ghuraba al-Sham[123]
Syria National Unity Brigades[60][124]

  • Syria Abdel Rahman al-Shabandar Brigade
  • Syria Martyrs of the Syrian Revolution Brigade
  • Syria Joul Jamal Brigade
  • Syria Martyrs of Badama Brigade
  • Syria Martyrs of the Wastani Mountains Brigade
  • Syria Ahmad Maryoud Brigade
  • Syria Youssef Al-Admeh Brigade
  • Syria Tamer Al-Awam Brigade

Syria Ammar bin Yassir Battalion (Idlib province)[125]
Syria Hamzah Al-Khateeb Battalion (Idlib city)
Syria Al-Furqan Battalion (Idlib province)[126]
Syria Harmoush Battalion (Idlib province)[127]
Syria Martyrs Ma'arat Nu'man Battalion (Idlib province)[128]
Syria Shield of Islam Battalion (Idlib province)[129]
Syria Salaheddine Al-Ayoubi Battalion (Jisr ash-Shugur)
Syria Qashoush Battalion (Hama city)[130]
Syria Aboul Fidaa Battalion (Hama province)
Syria Saad Bin Moaz Battalion (Hama province)

  • Syria al-Nasser Brigades
  • Syria Ziaab al-Ghab Brigade

Syria Ahrar Souriya (Free Men of Syria) Brigade [60]
Syria Moawiyah Bin Abi Sufian (Damascus city)
Syria Houriyeh Battalion (Aleppo city)
Syria Ababeel Battalion (Aleppo province)
Syria Lions of Shahba Battalion (Aleppo province)[131]
Syria Saad Allah Al-Jabiri Battalion (Aleppo province)[132]
Syria Omari Battalion (Daraa/Hauran)
Syria Sultan Pasha Al-Atrash Battalion (As-Suwayda)
Syria Qassam Battalion (Jableh)
Syria Suqur Battalion (Latakia)
Syria Samer Nunu Battalion (Baniyas)
Syria Mishaal Tammo Battalion (Qamishli)
Syria Odai Al-Tayi Battalion (Hasakah)
Syria Omar Ibn al-Khattab Battalion (Deir ez-Zor city)[133]
Syria Moaz Al-Raqad Battalion (Deir ez-Zor province)

  • Syria Osoud al-Sunna Brigade (Deir ez-Zor province)
  • Syria Zi Qar Brigade (Deir ez-Zor province)
  • Syria al-Moata Brigade (Deir ez-Zor province)

Syria Allahu Akbar Battalion (Abu Kamal)
Syria Dawn of Freedom Battalion (Homs province)
Syria Bakkour Battalion (Homs province)[134]
Syria Ramy Al-Sayeed Battalion (Homs province)[135]

  • Syria Rijal al-Umma Brigade (Homs province)

Syria Tel Kalakh Martyrs' Battalion (Homs province)

  • Syria Shuhada al-Badiya Brigade (Homs province)
  • Syria al-Karama Brigade (Homs province)

Syria Ahmad Nayif al-Sukhni Battalion (Ar-Raqqah)
Syria Abu Obeidah bin al-Jarrah Battalion (Damascus province)
Syria Souqour Dimashq Battalion (Damascus city)

  • Syria Osama bin Laden Brigade (Damascus city)[136][137]

Syria Jesus Christ Brigade[138]

  • Syria Ansar Allah (God's Supporters) Battalion

Syria Saint George Battalion[139]
Syria Ansar Brigade
Syria 19th Division
Syria Northern Storm Brigade
Syria Liwa Ahrar al-Jazira[79]
Syria Tahrir Souriya Brigade
Syria Jeish Mohammad Brigade[140]


Former members
Suqour al-Sham Brigade[141]
Defected to the Islamic Front

Islamic Front
45,000 fighters[107]
Syrian Islamic Liberation Front
  • Suqour al-Sham Brigade
    • Fajr al-Islam
    • Souyouf al-Haqq Brigades
    • Daoud Brigades[144]
    • al-Kansaa Brigades
    • al-Mujahideen Brigades
    • al-Mohagren wal Ansar Brigades
    • Suqour al-Maraa Brigades
    • Suqour al-Sharq Brigades
    • Ansar Allah Brigades
    • Aby Hajar Brigades
    • al-Safwa Brigades
    • Horas al-Aqeda Brigades
    • Suqour al-Sona Brigades
    • Swoar ash-Amal Brigades
    • Atawhed Brigades
    • Asideeq Brigades
    • Suqour Halab Brigades[145]
  • Jaysh al-Islam
    • Islam Brigades
    • Islamic Army Brigades
    • The Army of Muslims Brigades
    • Sword of Truth Brigades
    • Signs of Victory Brigades
    • Conquest of Sham Brigades
    • Ghouta Shield Brigades
    • Siddiq Brigades
    • Tawheed Al-Islam Brigades
    • South of the Capital Brigades
    • Badr Brigades
    • Omar bin Abdulaziz Brigades
    • Tawheed Soldiers Brigades
    • Sword of Islam Brigades
    • Omar bin Khattab Brigades
    • Muath bin Jabal Brigades
    • Zubayir bin Al-Awam Brigades
    • Dhul Nurayin Brigades
    • Ansar Brigades
    • Hamzeh Brigades
    • Air Defense Brigades
    • Missile Defense Brigades
    • Tank Brigades
    • Military Direction Brigades
    • Dahir Bebers Brigades
    • Sword of Truth 2 Brigades
    • Gamloon Warriors Brigades
    • Slaves of the Merciful Brigades
    • Murabiteen Brigades
    • Bedouin Brigades
    • Sunnah Supporters Brigades
    • Ahul ul Bayt Brigades
    • Martyrs of Atarib Brigades
    • Coastal Defense Brigades
    • Ain Jalout Brigades
    • Tawheed Supporters Platoons
    • Mujahideen Platoons
    • Abu Dujana Falcons Platoons
    • Sunnah Platoons
    • Ansar Platoons
    • Bara’a bin Azab Platoons
  • Al-Tawhid Brigade
    • Ahrar al-Shamal Brigades (Idlib, Hama)[146][147]
      • Andan Battalion
      • Mare Battalion
      • Huriyatan Battalion
      • Azaz Battalion
      • al-Bab Battalion
      • Tell Rifaat Battalion[144]
    • Fursan al-Jabal Brigade
    • Daret Izza Brigade
    • Kurdish Salaheddine Battalion[148][149]

SILF non-signatories

  • Farouq Brigades
  • Ansar al-Islam Gathering Council
    • Jaysh al-Islam
    • Sahaba Brigades
    • al-Habib al-Mustafa Brigades
    • Ahfad al-Rasul Brigade
      • Shuhada al-Jolan Battalion
      • Suqour al-Jolan Battalion
      • Suqour Jabal al-Zawiya Battalion[150]
    • Furqan Brigade (Damascus)
    • Hamza Bin Abdul Muttalib Brigade
    • al-Sham Shield Brigades[144]
  • Liwa al-Fath, Battalion of Conquest, (Aleppo)[60]
  • Deir ez-Zor Revolutionary Council
  • Tajamo Ansar al-Islam
  • Amr Ibn al-Aas Brigade
    • Army of Mohammed
    • Hawks Brigades
    • Qamishli Kurds
  • al-Naser Salaheddin Brigade[151]
  • Liwa Dawud[152]
  • Hawks Sham brigades
  • Farouq Islamic Brigades
  • Banner of Islam
  • Unification Brigade
  • Deir ez-Zor Revolutionary Council
    • Furqan Brigade (Damascus)
      • Al-Quneitra Furqan Brigade
    • Hamza al-Ansar Brigade
  • Ahrar al-Shamal Brigades (Idlib, Hama)[146][147]
    • Andan Battalion
    • Mare Battalion
    • Huriyatan Battalion
    • Azaz Battalion
    • al-Bab Battalion
    • Tell Rifaat Battalion[144]
  • Ebad Idlib al-Rahman Brigades of Maarat al-Naaman[144]
  • Open Brigade (Aleppo)
  • Brigade of Homs (Homs)
  • Mohammed bin Abdullah Brigade (Homs)
  • Return of the Martyr Ahmed Battalion (Homs)
  • National Liberation Movement (Homs)
  • Household Brigade (Hama)
  • Brigades of God (Lattakia)
  • Izz ibn Abd al-Salam Brigades (Lattakia)
  • Council of Banias (Tartous)
  • Tartous Military Council (Tartous)[153]
  • Amr Ibn al-Aas Brigades
  • Fateh Brigades
  • Kurdish Suqour Brigades
  • Iman Brigades
  • Istiklal Gathering[144]

Syrian Islamic Front

  • Ahrar al-Sham Islamic Movement
    • Ahrar al-Sham Battalions
    • Islamic Vanguard Group
    • Islamic Dawn Movement
    • Fighting Faith Battalions
    • Moussaab bin Omeir Battalion
    • Hamza Bin Abdul Muttalib Brigade
    • Suqour al-Islam Battalions
    • Special Tasks Battalion
  • Liwa al-Haqq (Homs)
  • Ansar al-Sham (Latakia)
  • al-Fajr Islamic Movement
  • Jaysh al-Tawhid (Deir Ez-Zor)
  • Haqq Battalions Gathering (Hama)[154]
  • al-Ahrar Battalions
  • Jamaat al-Talia al-Islamiya
  • al-Iman Fighting Brigades
  • Musab Bin Umair Battalion[144]

Kurdish Islamic Front[106]

Note:

  • The sub-groups of Jaysh al-Islam are merged into the group.
  • Not all groups in the Syrian Islamic Liberation Front and the Syrian Islamic Front have agreed (or declined) to be a part of the Islamic Front, despite the leaders of both coalitions having joined the Front as key figures. The Syrian Islamic Front tweeted that it had disbanded and its component groups would hereby operate under the Islamic Front.[155] The Syrian Islamic Liberation Front announced its dissolution on the 26th of November 2013.[156] The non-signatory former members of the Syrian Islamic Liberation Front have been included here as members by default, as the former coalitions' leaders have joined the Front. The original seven signatories are:
Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union [50]
15,000 fighters[51]
al-Habib al-Mustafa Brigades

Sahaba Brigades
Shabab al-Huda Brigades
Amjad al-Islam Rally
Capital's Shield Brigade

Syria Authenticity and Development Front
13,000 fighters[60]
Syria Southern Front
  • Syria Battalion for the People of Damascus
  • Syria Saarim Battalion
  • Syria Muawiyah Battalion
  • Syria The Zamalka Martyrs Brigade
  • Syria Originality Battalion
  • Syria Imam Bukhari Battalion

Syria Northern Front

  • Syria Impacting People Brigade
  • Syria Criterion Brigades
    • Syria Free Izzat Circuit Brigade
    • Syria Right Jund
  • Syria Armour Brigade of the Nation
  • Syria Right Brigade
  • Syria Alababil Brigade
  • Syria Banner of Freedom
  • Syria Black Brigade of War
  • Syria Battalion of the Martyr Ismail Al-Abdullah

Syria Western Front

  • Syria First Brigade
  • Syria Brigade of the Martyr Hamza al-Khatib
  • Syria Brigade of the Martyr Riyad Abdeen

Syria Central Front

  • Syria I Corps
  • Syria People Brigades
  • Syria Miqdad ibn al-Aswad Battalion
  • Syria Short Brigade
  • Syria Ancestors Battalion
  • Syria Sincerity Brigade

Syria Eastern Front

  • Syria Promise of Victory Brigade
  • Syria Impact on People Brigade
  • Syria Black Tawhid Year Brigade
  • Syria Allahu Akhbar Brigades
  • Syria Stationed Brigades
  • Syria Hudhaifah bin al-Yaman Battalion
  • Syria Muawiyah Battalion
  • Syria Impact on People Battalion
  • Syria Hawks of the Year Brigade
  • Syria Ahl al-Athar Brigade
  • Syria Hamza Brigade[52][53]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
5,000–22,500 fighters[113][157][158]
al-Qaeda in Iraq[159]

Former members
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar[160]
Withdrew due to preexisting oath to the Caucasus Emirate.[161]

Hizbut Tahrir

Saad Bin Moaz Battalion (Hama province)
  • al-Nasser Brigades
  • Ziaab al-Ghab Brigade
Syria Free Syrian Union[162]
Syria Division 77 (Northern Region)

Syria Third Division (Qalamoun)
Syria Lightning Victory Brigade (Rural Idlib, Hama)
Syria 90th Brigade (West Damascus)
Syria Dawn Brigade(Gota Bank)
Syria Saif al-Sham Brigade (Gota Bank)
Syria Umayyad Brigade (Damascus region)
Syria Badia Martyrs Brigade (Idlib)
Syria Peace in the Levant Brigade (Idlib)
Syria Soldiers Rahman Brigade (Idlib and Abu Aldhor)
Syria Flag Brigade (Abou Aldhor)
Syria The Banner of Jesus Christ (Damascus)
Syria Omar Mukhtar Brigade (Idlib countryside)
Syria Beloved Prophet Brigade
Syria Billah Brigade (Idlib)
Syria Abu Bakr Brigade (Aleppo)
Syria Hussein Harmoush Brigade (Lattakia)
Syria Sincere Promise Brigade (Lattakia)
Syria The Martyrs of Islam and the Al-Sham Brigade (Aleppo and Homs)
Syria Unity and Liberaton Front (including al-Raqqa and Deir ez-Zor brigades)
Syria Muawiyah Brigade (Rastan)
Syria Martyrs of Islam Brigade (Qalamoun)
Syria Hamzah Brigade (Barada Valley)
Syria Martyrs of Dignity Brigade (Barada Valley)
Syria Martyr Samir Aldhak Brigade (Rastan)
Syria Eagles Brigade
Syria بيارق Islam Brigade
Syria Saifullah Maslool Brigade
Syria Dawn of the Mujahideen Brigade
Syria Hittin Brigade
Syria Flag Brigade(Khanasser)
Syria Soldiers Rahman Brigade (Aleppo countryside)
Syria Martyr Mazen Brigade
Syria Martyrs Secretariat Brigade (Hama)
Syria Martyrs Dignity Brigade (Khan Shaikhoun)
Syria Victory in God Brigade(Khan Shaikhoun)
Syria 533 Commando Brigade (Hama Northern)
Syria 633 Infantry Brigade (Khan Shaikhoun)
Syria Caliph Brigade (Ma'arrat Nu'man)
Syria Hawks Mountain Brigade (Mount Hhacbo)
Syria Pottery Hill Battalion (Aleppo countryside)
Syria Tasks Battalion (Damascus Madaya)
Syria Punishment Brigade (Qalamun)
Syria Rebels Brigade (Khan Shaikhoun)
Syria 465 Martyrs Regiment (Khan Shaikhoun)
Syria Martyrs Brigade (Mount Hermon)
Syria The Banner of Free Rural Western Brigades
Syria Revolutionary Military Council (Damascus)

Syria Army of Mujahedeen[163]
Syria Nur al-Din al-Zanki Islamic Brigades

Syria al-Noor Islamic Movement
Fastaqim Kama Umirt:
Syria Aleppo City Battalion
Syria Liwaa Halab al-Shahbaa
Syria Liwaa al-Islam
Division 19 of the Free Syrian Army:
Syria Liwaa al-Ansar
Syria Liwaa Amjad al-Islam
Syria Liwaa Ansar al-Khilafa
Syria al-Quds Brigades
Syria Khan al-Assal Free Brigades
Syria al-Shuyukh Brigade
Syria Liwaa al-Mujahireen

Government-aligned coalitions

Shabiha
10,000 fighters
al-Berri clan[19][20]

See also

References

  1. "Iran: We're in "axis of resistance" with Syria". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/iran-were-in-axis-of-resistance-with-syria/. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Omar al-Jaffal Contributor, Iraq Pulse. "Iraqi Shiites Join Syria War - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East". Al-Monitor. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/10/iraqi-shiites-join-syrian-war.html. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 
  3. al-Salhy, Suadad (10 April 2013). "Iraqi Shi'ite militants start to acknowledge role in Syria". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/10/us-syria-crisis-iraq-idUSBRE9390OB20130410. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Rockets hit south Beirut after Hezbollah vows Syria victory". Reuters. 26 May 2013 2012. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/05/26/us-lebanon-hezbollah-rockets-idUSBRE94P01M20130526. 
  5. "Syria rebels clash with army, Palestinian fighters". 31 October 2012. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2012-10/31/content_15858497.htm. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Aymenn Al-Tamimi (13 November 2013). "The Druze Militias of Southern Syria". http://www.joshualandis.com/blog/druze-militias-southern-syria/. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  7. Smyth, Phillip (11 May 2013). "Hizballah Cavalcade: Roundup of Iraqis Killed in Syria, Part 1". Hizballah Cavalcade. Jihadology. http://jihadology.net/2013/05/11/hizballah-cavalcade-roundup-of-iraqis-killed-in-syria-part-1/. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  8. "Syrian Ba'ath militia commander goes rags-to-riches". Al Monitor. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/11/baath-party-brigade-syria-war-aleppo.html#. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  9. Racha Abi Haidar (12 February 2014). "The Deal in Yarmouk: End of the Tragedy or Empty Words?". Al Akhbar. http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/deal-yarmouk-end-tragedy-or-empty-words. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Tripoli clashes intensify as Eid declares all-out battle and Kabbara demands his arrest". Naharnet. 21 May 2013. http://www.naharnet.com/stories/en/83899-tripoli-clashes-intensify-as-eid-declares-all-out-battle-and-kabbara-demands-his-arrest. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  11. "Report: Yemen Houthis fighting for Assad in Syria". Jerusalem Post. 31 May 2013 2012. http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Report-Yemen-Houthis-fighting-for-Assad-in-Syria-315005. 
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