Military Wiki

The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them. Aircraft developed but not used operationally in the war are in the prototypes section at the end. Prototypes for aircraft that entered service under a different design number are ignored in favour of the service version. The date the aircraft entered service, or was first flown if the service date is unknown or it did not enter service follows the name, followed by the country of origin and major wartime users. Aircraft used for multiple roles are generally only listed under their primary role unless specialized versions were built for other roles. Aircraft used by neutral countries such as Spain, Switzerland and Sweden or countries which did no significant fighting such as most of those in South America (except Brazil), are not included.

Operational aircraft

Fighter aircraft

Biplane fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avia B-534 1935  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Slovakia
Avia BH-33 1927  Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia
Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar 1936  United Kingdom Norway
Blériot-SPAD S.510 1936  France
Boeing P-12 1930  United States Brazil, China, Philippines, Thailand
Bristol Bulldog 1929  United Kingdom Denmark, Finland
Fairey Firefly II 1931  United Kingdom Belgium
Fiat CR.32 1934  Italy Italy, Hungary, China
Fiat CR.42 1939  Italy Italy, Belgium, Hungary
Gloster Gamecock II 1925  United Kingdom Finland (as Kukko)
Gloster Gauntlet 1935  United Kingdom UK, Denmark, Finland
Gloster Gladiator/Sea Gladiator 1937  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Iraq, Norway, Sweden
Grumman FF[1] 1933  United States Canada (as Goblin)
Grumman F3F 1936  United States
Hawker Demon 1931  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Hawker Fury 1931  United Kingdom Yugoslavia, South Africa
Hawker Nimrod 1933  United Kingdom Denmark
Heinkel He 51 1935  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-10[2] 1935  Japan
Kochyerigin DI-6 1934  Soviet Union
Koolhoven F.K.52 1939  Netherlands Netherlands, Finland
Polikarpov I-5 1931  Soviet Union
Polikarpov I-15 & I-15bis 1934  Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland
Polikarpov I-153 1939  Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland

Single engined, single seat monoplane fighters and fighter bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini SAI.207 1942  Italy
Ansaldo A.120 1925  Italy Italy, Lithuania
Arsenal VG-33 1940  France
Avia B-135 1941  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria
Bell P-39 Airacobra 1941  United States U.S., USSR, Australia, France, UK
Bell P-63 Kingcobra 1942  United States U.S., USSR
Bloch MB.150-157 1940  France France, Greece, Romania
Boeing P-26 Peashooter 1933  United States U.S., China, Philippines
Breda Ba.27 1933  Italy China
Brewster F2A Buffalo 1939  United States U.S., Finland, Netherlands, New Zealand, UK, Australia
CAC Boomerang[3] 1943  Australia
Caudron C.714 1940  France France, Finland, Poland
Curtiss P-36 Hawk/Mohawk 1938  United States U.S., Brazil, Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway, Thailand, UK
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk/Tomahawk/Kittyhawk 1939  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, New Zealand, South Africa, UK, USSR
Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Demon 1939  United States China, Netherlands
Dewoitine D.500/D.510 1935  France France, China
Dewoitine D.520 1940  France France, Bulgaria, Italy
Fiat G.50 1938  Italy Italy, Finland, Croatia
Fiat G.55 1943  Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 1941  Germany Germany, Hungary, Romania
Focke-Wulf Ta 152 high altitude fighter 1945  Germany
Fokker D.XXI 1936  Netherlands Netherlands, Denmark, Finland
Grumman F4F/FM Wildcat/Martlet 1940  United States U.S., UK
Grumman F6F Hellcat/Gannet 1943  United States U.S., UK
Grumman F8F Bearcat[4] 1945  United States
Hawker Hurricane/Sea Hurricane 1937  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, India, New Zealand, USSR
Hawker Tempest 1944  United Kingdom India, New Zealand, UK
Hawker Typhoon 1940  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 112 1937  Germany Germany, Hungary, Romania
IAR 80 1942  Romania
Ikarus IK-2 parasol monoplane 1935  Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia
Kawanishi N1K/N1K-J 1943  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-61 1943  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-100 1945  Japan
Koolhoven F.K.58 1940  Netherlands Netherlands, France
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-1 1940  Soviet Union
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 1941  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Lavochkin La-5 1942  Soviet Union
Lavochkin La-7 1944  Soviet Union
Loire 46 parasol monoplane 1936  France
Macchi C.200 1939  Italy
Macchi C.202 1941  Italy
Macchi C.205 1943  Italy Italy, Germany
MÁVAG Héja 1941  Hungary
Messerschmitt Bf 109 1937  Germany Germany, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Romania
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 1940  Soviet Union
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 1941  Soviet Union
Mitsubishi A5M[5] 1936  Japan
Mitsubishi A6M Zero 1940  Japan
Mitsubishi J2M interceptor 1942  Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 1939  France France, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Poland
Nakajima A6M2-N floatplane fighter 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-27 1937  Japan Japan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-43 1941  Japan Japan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-44 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-84 1943  Japan
North American P-51 Mustang 1942  United States U.S., UK, Canada, Australia, China, France, South Africa, USSR
North American P-64[6] 1940  United States
Polikarpov I-16 1934  Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland
PZL P.7 parasol monoplane 1933  Poland
PZL P.11 parasol monoplane 1934  Poland Poland, Romania
PZL P.24 parasol monoplane 1936  Poland Poland, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania
Reggiane Re.2000 1940  Italy Italy, Hungary
Reggiane Re.2001 1941  Italy
Reggiane Re.2005 1943  Italy
Republic P-43 Lancer 1941  United States U.S., Australia, China
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt 1942  United States U.S., UK, Brazil, Mexico, France, USSR
Rogožarski IK-3 1940  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Seversky P-35/J 9 1937  United States Sweden
Supermarine Seafire 1942  United Kingdom UK, Canada, France
Supermarine Spitfire 1938  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, U.S., USSR
VL Myrsky 1943  Finland
Vought F4U/FG Corsair 1942  United States U.S., UK, New Zealand
Vultee P-66 Vanguard 1941  United States U.S., China
Yakovlev Yak-1 1940  Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-3 1944  Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-7/Yak-7B 1942  Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-9 1942  Soviet Union USSR, France

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell YFM-1 Airacuda[2] flying cruiser 1940  United States
Blackburn Roc turret fighter 1939  United Kingdom
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber 1938  United Kingdom
Boulton Paul Defiant turret fighter 1939  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Bristol Beaufighter 1940  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, U.S.
Bristol Blenheim night fighter 1937  United Kingdom
de Havilland Mosquito night fighter/fighter bomber 1941  United Kingdom UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, U.S.
Dornier Do 215 night fighter 1939  Germany
Dornier Do 217 night fighter 1941  Germany
Dornier Do 335 1944  Germany
Douglas P-70 Havoc night fighter 1941  United States U.S., UK
Fairey Firefly fleet fighter/dive bomber 1941  United Kingdom
Fairey Fulmar fleet fighter 1940  United Kingdom
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night fighter 1944  Germany
Fokker G.I 1939  Netherlands
Grumman F7F Tigercat night fighter 1944  United States
Heinkel He 219 night fighter 1943  Germany
IMAM Ro.57 1943  Italy
Junkers Ju 88 night fighter 1940  Germany
Junkers Ju 388 night fighter 1944  Germany
Kawasaki Ki-45 night fighter 1942  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-102 twin engine fighter 1945  Japan
Lockheed P-38 Lightning 1941  United States U.S., Australia, China
Messerschmitt Bf 110 1937  Germany Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Iraq, Romania
Messerschmitt Me 210 1943  Germany Germany, Hungary
Messerschmitt Me 410 1943  Germany Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-109 bomber interceptor 1945  Japan
Nakajima J1N night fighter/interceptor 1942  Japan
Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter 1944  United States
Petlyakov Pe-3 1941  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Potez 630 1938  France France, Greece, Romania
Westland Welkin high altitude interceptor[7] 1944  United Kingdom
Westland Whirlwind 1940  United Kingdom

Jet- and rocket- propelled fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell P-59 Airacomet 1944  United States
Gloster Meteor 1944  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 162 1945  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket interceptor 1944  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 262 1944  Germany
Ryan FR Fireball mixed power 1945  United States

Bomber & attack aircraft

Heavy bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avro Lancaster 1942  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Australia
Avro Manchester[8] 1940  United Kingdom
Blohm & Voss BV 142 maritime patrol[9] 1940  Germany
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress/Fortress 1940  United States U.S., UK, Canada
Boeing B-29 Superfortress 1944  United States
Consolidated B-24/LB-30/PB4Y-1 Liberator 1940  United States U.S., Canada, UK
Consolidated B-32 Dominator 1942  United States
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer maritime patrol 1943  United States
Farman F.221-223 1936  France
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 maritime patrol 1940  Germany
Handley Page Halifax 1940  United Kingdom UK, Canada, France
Heinkel He 177 1943  Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-20 1932  Germany,  Japan Japan
Petlyakov Pe-8 1936  Soviet Union
Piaggio P.108 1942  Italy
Short Stirling 1940  United Kingdom
Tupolev TB-3 1932  Soviet Union
Vickers Warwick 1942  United Kingdom

Medium bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Amiot 143 1936  France
Amiot 354 1940  France France, Germany
Arado Ar 234 jet bomber 1944  Germany
Arkhangelsky Ar-2 1940  Soviet Union
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley 1937  United Kingdom
Avia F.39 1932  Czechoslovakia
Avro Anson 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Finland, Greece, Iraq
Blackburn Botha 1939  United Kingdom
Bloch MB.131 1938  France
Bloch MB.170 1940  France
Bloch MB.200 1935  France France, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
Bloch MB.210 1937  France
Breda Ba.88 1938  Italy
Bristol Beaufort 1940  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa
Bristol Blenheim/Bolingbroke/Bisley[10] 1937  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Finland, Greece, France, Yugoslavia
Bristol Bombay bomber/transport 1939  United Kingdom
CANT Z.1007 1938  Italy
Caproni Ca.135 1937  Italy
Caproni Ca.309 1937  Italy Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary
Caproni Ca.310-Ca.314 1938  Italy Italy, Croatia, France, Hungary, Norway, Germany, Yugoslavia
Curtiss A-18 Shrike[11] 1936  United States
de Havilland Mosquito[10] 1941  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Australia, Norway
Dornier Do 11[12] 1932  Germany Bulgaria
Dornier Do 17 1937  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 215 1939  Germany
Dornier Do 217 1941  Germany Germany, Italy
Douglas A-20 Havoc/Boston 1941  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, France, UK, USSR
Douglas A-26 Invader 1944  United States
Douglas B-18 Bolo/Digby maritime patrol 1936  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada
Douglas B-23/UC-67 Dragon[13] 1939  United States
Fiat BR.20[14] 1938  Italy
Fokker T.V 1938  Netherlands
Handley Page Hampden 1938  United Kingdom UK, Canada, USSR
Heinkel He 111 1936  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, China, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia
Ilyushin DB-3/Il-4 1938  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Junkers Ju 86 1936  Germany Germany, South Africa
Junkers Ju 88 1938  Germany Germany, Finland, Italy, Romania
Junkers Ju 188 1943  Germany Germany, Hungary
Junkers Ju 388 1944  Germany
Kawasaki Ki-48 1940  Japan
Keystone B-3A[15] 1926  United States Philippines
Kyushu Q1W maritime patrol 1945  Japan
Lioré et Olivier LeO 451 1939  France
Lockheed Hudson[16] 1939  United States U.S., Brazil, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK
Lockheed PV Ventura/B-34 Lexington
and PV-2 Harpoon
1942  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Martin B-10/B-12/model 139/239/339 1934  United States U.S., China, Netherlands, Philippines, Thailand
Martin B-26 Marauder 1941  United States U.S., France, UK, South Africa
Martin Baltimore 1941  United States U.S., France, Greece, UK
Martin Maryland 1939  United States France, UK
Mitsubishi G3M 1937  Japan
Mitsubishi G4M 1941  Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-21 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-67 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-49 1938  Japan
North American B-25 Mitchell 1941  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Netherlands, UK, USSR
Petlyakov Pe-2 1941  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Potez 540 1934  France
PZL.37 Łoś 1938  Poland Poland, Romania, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 trimotor 1937  Italy Italy, Iraq, Romania
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 trimotor 1935  Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 trimotor 1941  Italy
Sukhoi Su-2 1937  Soviet Union
Tupolev SB/Avia B.71 1934  Soviet Union USSR, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland
Tupolev TB-1 1929  Soviet Union
Tupolev Tu-2 1944  Soviet Union
Vickers Type 264 Valentia bomber/transport 1934  United Kingdom
Vickers Wellington 1938  United Kingdom
Yermolayev Yer-2 1941  Soviet Union
Yokosuka P1Y 1945  Japan

Light bombers and close support aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.100 1933  Czechoslovakia
Aero A.304 1937  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany
Blackburn Ripon[18] 1929  United Kingdom Finland
Blackburn Shark 1935  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Breda Ba.64 1937  Italy
Breda Ba.65 1937  Italy Italy, Iraq
Breguet 19[19] 1924  France Belgium, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Poland
Breguet 691, 693, 695 1939  France
Curtiss A-12 Shrike[2] 1933  United States
Fairey Battle 1937  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Greece
Fairey Fox 1932  United Kingdom Belgium
Fairey Gordon 1931  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Fairey IIIF[20] 1926  United Kingdom UK, Greece
Fokker C.V 1924  Netherlands Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Norway
Fokker C.X 1932  Netherlands Netherlands, Finland
Hawker Hart 1930  United Kingdom UK, Finland
Hawker Hind 1935  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Hawker Horsley/Dantorp 1927  United Kingdom Greece, Denmark
Heinkel He 45 1931  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary
Heinkel He 50 1935  Germany
Henschel Hs 123 1936  Germany
Henschel Hs 129 1938  Germany
IAR 37/38/39 1938  Romania
Ilyushin Il-2 1941  Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il-10 1944  Soviet Union
Junkers Ju 87 1937  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-32 1938  Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Kharkov KhAI-5/Neman R-10 1936  Soviet Union
Letov Š-16 1928  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Latvia, Turkey
Mitsubishi Ki-30 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-51 1939  Japan
North American A-36 Apache dive bomber[21] 1942  United States
Northrop/Douglas A-17/8-A/Nomad 1935  United States U.S., South Africa, Canada, France, Iraq, Netherlands, Norway, UK
Polikarpov Po-2 1929  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Polikarpov R-5 1931  Soviet Union
Polikarpov R-Z 1935  Soviet Union USSR
Potez 25[22] 1925  France France, Yugoslavia, Poland
PZL.23/43 Karaś 1936  Poland Poland, Romania, Bulgaria
Reggiane Re.2002 1941  Italy Italy, Germany
Rogožarski R-100 1938  Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 1936  Italy
Vickers Vildebeest 1933  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Vickers Wellesley 1937  United Kingdom
Vultee A-31/A-35/Vengeance dive bomber 1942  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, France, India, UK
Vultee V-11/V-12/A-19/BSh-1[23] 1939  United States U.S., Brazil, China, USSR
Weiss WM-21 Sólyom 1938  Hungary
Yakovlev Yak-4 1941  Soviet Union

Carrier-based naval bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi B7A torpedo/dive bomber 1945  Japan
Aichi D1A dive bomber[2] 1934  Japan
Aichi D3A dive bomber 1937  Japan
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber 1938  United Kingdom
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer/Bermuda dive bomber 1941  United States U.S., UK
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf torpedo bomber 1944  United States
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver/A-25 Shrike dive bomber 1943  United States
Curtiss SBC Helldiver/Cleveland dive bomber 1938  United States U.S., France, UK
Douglas DT torpedo bomber[24] 1921  United States Norway
Douglas SBD Dauntless/A-24 Banshee dive bomber 1940  United States U.S., New Zealand
Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bomber 1935  United States
Fairey Albacore torpedo/dive bomber 1940  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Fairey Barracuda torpedo/dive bomber 1942  United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish torpedo bomber 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Fieseler Fi 167 torpedo/reconnaissance bomber 1940  Germany Germany, Croatia, Romania
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger torpedo bomber 1942  United States U.S., UK, New Zealand
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 dive bomber 1939  France
Mitsubishi B5M torpedo bomber 1937  Japan
Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber 1938  Japan
Nakajima B6N torpedo bomber 1942  Japan
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN dive bomber 1941  United States
Vought SB2U Vindicator/Chesapeake dive bomber 1937  United States U.S., UK, France
Yokosuka B4Y torpedo bomber 1936  Japan
Yokosuka D4Y dive bomber/night fighter 1942  Japan

Army co-operation, observation and tactical reconnaissance aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.32[25] 1928  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Finland
ANF Les Mureaux 113, 115, 117 1933  France
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[18] 1927  United Kingdom Canada
Breguet 270 Series 1930  France France, China
Curtiss O-52 Owl 1940  United States U.S., USSR
DAR-3 Garvan 1937  Bulgaria
Douglas O-43 1933  United States
Douglas O-46 1936  United States U.S., Philippines
Focke-Wulf Fw 189 1941  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Fokker C.VIII 1928  Netherlands
Hawker Audax, Nisr & Hartebees 1931  United Kingdom UK, India, Iraq, Persia, South Africa
Hawker Hector 1936  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 46 1931  Germany Germany, Hungary
Henschel Hs 126 1937  Germany Germany, Greece
IMAM Ro.37 1935  Italy Italy, Hungary
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-11 1941  Bulgaria
Letov Š-328 1934  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Slovakia
Lublin R-XIII 1932  Poland Poland, Romania
North American O-47 1934  United States
Renard R-31 1935  Belgium
RWD-14 Czapla 1939  Poland Poland, Romania
Tachikawa Ki-36 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
VL Kotka 1931  Finland
Vought O2U & O3U Corsair 1926  United States U.S., Brazil, China, Thailand
Westland Lysander[10] 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada, France, Finland, India, U.S.
Westland Wapiti[18] 1928  United Kingdom Australia, Canada, India
Westland Wallace 1933  United Kingdom

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 234 reconnaissance/bomber 1944  Germany
Boeing F-9 Flying Fortress 1940  United States
Consolidated F-7 Liberator 1940  United States
de Havilland Mosquito PR variants 1941  United Kingdom UK, Canada, U.S.
Junkers Ju 86P high altitude photo reconnaissance 1936  Germany
Lockheed F-4 and F-5 Lightning 1941  United States U.S., France, Italy
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M high speed reconnaissance 1937  Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-46 1941  Japan
Nakajima C6N 1944  Japan
North American F-6 Mustang 1942  United States U.S., France
Potez 63.11 1939  France
PWS-10[26] 1932  Poland
Supermarine Spitfire PR variants 1938  United Kingdom UK, U.S., USSR...
Yokosuka R2Y 1945  Japan


Flying boats

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E11A 1937  Japan
Aichi H9A 1942  Japan
Beriev MBR-2 1935  Soviet Union
Blohm & Voss BV 138 1940  Germany
Blohm & Voss BV 222 1941  Germany
Boeing 314 Clipper/C-98 1939  United States
Breguet 521 Bizerte & 530 Saigon 1935  France France, Germany
CAMS 37 1926  France
CAMS 55 1930  France
Canadian Vickers Vancouver 1930  Canada
Canadian Vickers Vedette 1925  Canada
CANT Z.501 1935  Italy Italy, Romania
CANT Z.506 1936  Italy
Chyetverikov MDR-6 1941  Soviet Union
Consolidated PBY/PBN/PBV/OA-10 Catalina/Canso[10] 1935  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Norway, Greece, UK, USSR
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado 1937  United States U.S., UK
Dornier Do 18 1938  Germany
Dornier Do 24 1937  Germany Germany, Australia, Netherlands
Dornier Do 26 1938  Germany
Dornier Do J 1922  Germany Germany, Denmark
Douglas Dolphin 1931  United States U.S., Australia, China
Grumman J2F Duck 1936  United States
Grumman J4F Widgeon/Gosling 1940  United States U.S., Brazil, UK
Grumman JRF Goose 1937  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, UK (air-sea rescue)
Hall PH 1931  United States
Ikarus IO 1926  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Ikarus ŠM 1924  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kawanishi E11K 1937  Japan
Kawanishi H6K 1938  Japan
Kawanishi H8K 1942  Japan
Latécoère 300 1932  France
Latécoère 521-523 1935  France
Latécoère 611[9] 1940  France
Loire 70 1937  France
Loire 130 1937  France
Loire 501 1933  France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-47 1937  France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-246 1939  France France, Germany
Macchi M.C.94 1936  Italy
Macchi M.C.100 1940  Italy
Martin JRM Mars 1943  United States
Martin M-130 1934  United States
Martin PBM Mariner 1940  United States U.S., UK, Australia, Netherlands
Potez 452 1936  France
Saro Cutty Sark 1930  United Kingdom UK, China, New Zealand
Saro Lerwick 1940  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Saro London 1936  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Shavrov Sh-2 1934  Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Short Empire 1936  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
Short S.26 1940  United Kingdom
Short Singapore 1935  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Short Sunderland 1938  United Kingdom UK, Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway
Sikorsky JRS-1/OA-8 1935  United States
SNCASE SE.200[27] 1942  France Germany
Supermarine Sea Otter 1942  United Kingdom
Supermarine Stranraer[10] 1937  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Supermarine Walrus 1935  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand
Tupolev MTB-1 1929  Soviet Union
Yokosuka H5Y 1939  Japan


Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E13A 1941  Japan Japan, Thailand
Aichi E16A 1944  Japan
Aichi M6A[28] 1945  Japan
Arado Ar 95 1936  Germany
Arado Ar 196 1938  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Greece, Norway, USSR
Arado Ar 199 trainer 1939  Germany
Arado Ar 231[28] 1941  Germany Germany
Beriev Be-2 1938  Soviet Union
Beriev Be-4 1942  Soviet Union
Besson MB.411[28] 1935  France
Curtiss SC Seahawk 1944  United States
Curtiss SO3C Seamew 1942  United States U.S., UK
Curtiss SOC Seagull 1935  United States
Dornier Do 22 1938  Germany Germany, Finland, Yugoslavia, Greece
Fairey Seafox 1937  United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish 1936  United Kingdom
Farman/Centre NC.470 1938  France
Fiat RS.14 1941  Italy
Fokker C.XI-W 1935  Netherlands
Fokker C.XIV-W 1937  Netherlands
Fokker T.IV 1927  Netherlands
Fokker T.VIII 1938  Netherlands Netherlands, Germany, UK
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-810-813 HY 1930  France
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-832 HY 1930  France
Heinkel HE 8[29] 1927  Germany Denmark
Heinkel He 42 floatplane trainer 1929  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 59 1935  Germany Germany, Finland
Heinkel He 60 1933  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 114 1939  Germany Germany, Romania
Heinkel He 115 1939  Germany Germany, Finland, Norway, UK
IMAM Ro.43 1935  Italy
Kawanishi E7K 1935  Japan
Kawanishi N1K floatplane trainer 1944  Japan
Latécoère 290 1934  France
Latécoère 298 1938  France France, Germany
Levasseur PL.15 1933  France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-43 1940  France
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.8 floatplane trainer 1924  Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.10 1929  Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.11 floatplane trainer 1932  Norway Norway, Finland
Mitsubishi F1M 1941  Japan
Nakajima A6M2-N 1942  Japan
Nakajima E8N 1935  Japan Japan, Thailand
Northrop Delta 1936  United States Canada
Northrop N-3PB 1940  Norway
Rogožarski SIM-XII-H 1938  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H 1939  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
VL Sääski floatplane trainer 1928  Finland
Vought OS2U Kingfisher 1938  United States U.S., Australia, UK
Watanabe E9W[28] 1938  Japan
Watanabe K6W/WS-103 1938  Japan Japan, Thailand
Yokosuka E14Y[28] 1941  Japan
Yokosuka K4Y 1933  Japan

Transport and utility aircraft

Passenger and cargo aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 232 1943  Germany
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle 1940  United Kingdom UK, USSR
Avro Lancastrian 1945  United Kingdom
Avro York 1944  United Kingdom
Boeing 247/UC-73 1933  United States U.S., UK, Canada
Boeing 307/UC-75 1940  United States
Bristol Buckingham[30] 1943  United Kingdom
Budd RB Conestoga 1944  United States
Caproni Ca.111 1932  Italy
Caproni Ca.133 1935  Italy
Consolidated C-87/C-109 Liberator Express 1942  United States U.S., UK
Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando 1941  United States
de Havilland Albatross 1938  United Kingdom
Douglas C-47 Skytrain/Dakota 1935  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, France, India, New Zealand, UK
Douglas C-54/R5D Skymaster 1942  United States U.S., UK
Douglas DC-2/C-32 1934  United States U.S., Australia, Finland, Japan, UK
Douglas DC-3 1935  United States U.S., Japan
Douglas DC-5/C-110/R3D 1940  United States U.S., Australia, Japan
Fiat G.12 1941  Italy
Fiat G.18 1936  Italy
Fokker F.VII 1925  Netherlands Netherlands, Finland, Poland
Ford Trimotor 1926  United States Australia
Gotha Go 244 1942  Germany
Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow bomber/transport[31] 1937  United Kingdom UK, Canada
Handley Page Halifax[32] 1940  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 116 mailplane 1938  Germany Germany
Junkers G 24 1925  Germany Greece
Junkers G 31 1926  Germany Germany, Australia
Junkers Ju 52 1932  Germany Germany, Greece, Bulgaria, Norway
Junkers Ju 90 1938  Germany
Junkers Ju 252 1942  Germany
Junkers Ju 352 1944  Germany
Kawasaki Ki-56 improved Lockheed 14 1940  Japan
Kokusai Ki-59 1941  Japan
Lisunov Li-2 modified licence-built DC-3 1939  Soviet Union
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra 1937  United States U.S., UK, Canada, Japan, South Africa
Lockheed 18/C-60 Lodestar 1937  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Messerschmitt Me 323 1943  Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-57 1942  Japan
Nakajima Ki-4[33] 1934  Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Nakajima Ki-6/C2N/Fokker Super Universal 1931  United States,  Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Percival Petrel 1937  United Kingdom
Potez 62 1935  France
Potez 650 1937  France
Savoia-Marchetti S.73 1934  Italy Italy, Belgium, UK
Savoia-Marchetti SM.75 1938  Italy Italy, Hungary, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 1940  Italy Italy, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti S.83 1938  Italy Italy, Belgium
Short Stirling[32] 1943  United Kingdom
Showa/Nakajima L2D 1939  Japan
Siebel Si 204 1942  Germany
Tupolev ANT-9 1931  Soviet Union USSR, Turkey
Yokosuka L3Y 1935  Japan

Communications, utility and light transport aircraft

Many aircraft in this category were impressed into service and some served in very small numbers. The country of origin (listed first) may not itself have used it in a military capacity, and the date represents its original entry into service, not when it was first used by a military organization.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Envoy 1934  United Kingdom UK, Finland, South Africa
AVIA FL.3 1939  Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Barkley-Grow T8P-1 1937  United States Canada
Beechcraft 17 Staggerwing/UC-43 Traveler 1933  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, UK, New Zealand
Beechcraft Model 18/C-45/JRB/SNB/AT-7/AT-11 Expeditor[34] 1937  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, France, UK
Beneš-Mráz Be-555 Super Bibi 1936  Czechoslovakia
Bloch MB.81 ambulance aircraft 1935  France
Bloch MB.120 mailplane 1935  France
Breda Ba.44 1934  Italy
Caproni Ca.164 1938  Italy France
Caudron C.280/C.400/C.410 1932  France
Caudron C.440 1934  France France, Belgium, Germany
Caudron C.480 Frégate 1935  France
Caudron C.600 Aiglon 1935  France
Caudron C.635 Simoun 1935  France
Cessna 165 1935  United States U.S., Australia, Finland
de Havilland DH.50 1923  United Kingdom Australia
de Havilland Dragon 1934  United Kingdom UK, Iraq, New Zealand
de Havilland Dragon Rapide/Dominie 1934  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealand, U.S.
de Havilland Dragonfly 1936  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Denmark, Iraq
de Havilland Express 1934  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Flamingo 1939  United Kingdom
de Havilland Fox Moth 1932  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Leopard Moth 1933  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium
de Havilland Moth Minor 1937  United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Puss Moth 1930  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Iraq, New Zealand
Fairchild 24 Argus/UC-61 Forwarder 1932  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, UK
Fairchild 71 1926  United States Canada
Fairchild FC-2 1926  United States Canada
Fairchild Super 71 1934  Canada
Foster Wikner Wicko 1936  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Fleet Freighter 1938  Canada
Hanriot H.182 1934  France
Harlow C-80/PJC-2 1937  United States U.S., UK
Howard UC-70/GH Nightingale 1939  United States
Junkers F 13[35] 1920  Germany Finland
Junkers W 34 & K 43 1926  Germany Germany, Australia, Finland, Norway
SAI KZ II 1937 Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Laville PS-89 1935  Soviet Union
Lockheed UC-101 Vega 1928  United States U.S., Australia
Lockheed UC-85 Orion 1931  United States
Lockheed 10/C-36 Electra 1935  United States U.S., Canada, UK
Lockheed 12/UC-40 Electra Junior 1936  United States U.S., Canada, Netherlands, UK
Miles Falcon 1934  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Miles Merlin 1935  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Miles Mentor 1938  United Kingdom
Miles Messenger 1942  United Kingdom
Miles Whitney Straight 1936  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Mitsubishi K3M 1931  Japan
Noorduyn Norseman 1935  Canada Canada, Australia, Brazil, U.S.
Northrop Delta[10] 1933  United States Canada, Australia
Moskalyev SAM-5 1935  Soviet Union
Percival Gull 1932  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Percival Proctor 1939  United Kingdom
Percival Vega Gull 1935  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, New Zealand
Piper J-4 1938  United States U.S., UK
Porterfield 35 1935  United States U.S., New Zealand
Potez 29 1927  France
Potez 56 1934  France
Potez 58 1934  France
Rearwin Sportster 1935  United States U.S., New Zealand, Thailand
SAIMAN 202 1939  Italy Italy, Croatia
Shcherbakov Shche-2 1943  Soviet Union
Spartan UC-71 Executive 1936  United States U.S., UK, Canada, China
Putilov Stal-3 1933  Soviet Union
Stinson UC-81/AT-19 Reliant 1933  United States U.S., Australia, Norway, Philippines, UK
Stinson Voyager 1939  United States U.S., Canada, France
Tugan Gannet 1935  Australia
Tupolev PS-35 1937  Soviet Union
Waco UC-72 (and other Waco variants 1930s  United States U.S., Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Norway, UK
Yakovlev Yak-6 1942  Soviet Union

Liaison aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronca L-3 1941  United States U.S.,Brazil
Paulista CAP-4 1935  Brazil
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch 1936  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Interstate Cadet/L-6 Grasshopper 1942  United States U.S., Norway
Kokusai Ki-76 1942  Japan
Piper L-4, O-59 and NE-1 1938  United States U.S., Brazil
Polikarpov U-2 1927  Soviet Union
RWD-13 1935  Poland Poland, Romania
Stinson L-1/O-49 Vigilant 1941  United States U.S., UK
Stinson L-5 Sentinel 1942  United States U.S., UK
Taylorcraft Auster 1942  United Kingdom UK, Australia
Taylorcraft L-2 1941  United States

Transport gliders

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Horsa 1942  United Kingdom UK, U.S.
Antonov A-7 1942  Soviet Union
DFS 230 1938  Germany
de Havilland Australia DHA-G 1942  Australia
General Aircraft Hamilcar 1942  United Kingdom
Gotha Go 242 1941  Germany
Gribovski G-11 1941  Soviet Union
Kokusai Ku-8 1941  Japan
Kolesnikov-Tsibin KC-20 1942  Soviet Union
Maeda Ku-1 1941  Japan
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant 1941  Germany
Slingsby Hengist 1942  United Kingdom
Waco CG-3 1942  United States
Waco CG-4/Hadrian 1942  United States U.S., UK
Waco CG-13 1945  United States
Waco CG-15 1943  United States

Trainer Aircraft

Primary trainers are used for basic flight training. Advanced trainers were used for familiarization with the more complex systems and higher speeds of combat aircraft, and for air combat or aerobatic training. Multi-engined trainers were used to ready pilots for flying multi-engine bombers and transports, and to train navigators, bombardiers, gunners and flight engineers. Most nations used obsolete combat types for advanced training, although large scale training programs such as the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) required more aircraft than were available and aircraft were designed and built specifically to fulfill training roles. Intermediate trainers were tried in several countries to reduce the attrition associated with the step up to advanced trainers but additional hours at the primary stage reduced the need for them.

Glider trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter primary training glider 1938  Germany Germany, Japan + many others...
General Aircraft Hotspur (assault glider trainer) 1940  United Kingdom
Laister-Kauffman TG-4 1941  United States
Slingsby Kirby Cadet 1935  United Kingdom
Schweizer TG-3 1942  United States
Schweizer TG-2/LNS-1 1938  United States
Schneider Grunau Baby 1931  Germany Germany, Denmark

Primary trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
ANBO IV 1934  Lithuania
Avro 504 1913  United Kingdom Estonia, Greece, Thailand
Avro 626 1930  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Canada, Estonia, Greece, New Zealand
Avro 643 Cadet 1932  United Kingdom UK, Australia, China
Avro Tutor 1933  United Kingdom UK, Canada, Denmark
Beneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor 1935  Czechoslovakia Germany, Slovakia
Blackburn B-2 1932  United Kingdom
Boeing-Stearman Model 73/75/PT-13/PT-17/PT-18/NS/N2S Kaydet 1934  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.25 & Ba.28 1932  Italy Italy, Hungary, China, Norway
Bücker Bü 131, Ki-86, K9W1 1935  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia...
Bücker Bü 181 1940  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
CAC Wackett 1941  Australia
DAR 9 Siniger 1940  Bulgaria Bulgaria, Yugoslavia
de Havilland DH.60 Moth 1925  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
de Havilland Tiger Moth[36] 1932  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, India, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
Fairchild PT-19/23/26 Cornell 1940  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, Norway
Fleet Fawn 1931  Canada Canada, Brazil
Fleet 10/16/Finch 1939  Canada Canada, China, Brazil, Romania
Focke-Wulf Fw 44 1932  Germany Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia
Fokker S.IV 1924  Netherlands
Fokker S.IX 1937  Netherlands
Gotha Go 145 1935  Germany
Hanriot H.43 1928  France
Heinkel He 72 1933  Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Klemm Kl 25 1928  Germany Germany, Norway
Koolhoven F.K.51 1935  Netherlands
Letov Š-218 1930  Czechoslovakia Finland
Meyers OTW CPTP trainer 1936  United States
Miles Hawk 1933  United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Miles Magister 1937  United Kingdom UK, Norway
Morane-Saulnier MS.230 1930  France France, Germany, Greece
Morane-Saulnier MS.315 1932  France
Mráz Zobor I[37] 1942  Slovakia
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary 1936  United States
North American BT-9/BT-14/NA.57/NA.64 Yale 1936  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, UK
Ryan PT-16/20/21/22 Recruit 1934  United States U.S., Australia, Netherlands
Polikarpov Po-2 1929  Soviet Union
Praga E-39 1931  Czechoslovakia
Repülőgépgyár Levente II 1943  Hungary
SAIMAN 200 1940  Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Spartan NP-1 1940  United States
St. Louis PT-15 1940  United States
Tachikawa Ki-9 1935  Japan
Tachikawa Ki-17 1936  Japan
Timm N2T Tutor 1943  United States
VL Sääski 1928  Finland
VL Viima 1935  Finland
Vultee BT-13/15/SNV Valiant 1939  United States U.S., Brazil
Waco UPF-7/PT-14 CPTP trainer 1930  United States
Weiss WM-10 Ölyv 1933  Hungary
Yokosuka K5Y 1934  Japan
Yakovlev UT-2 1937  Soviet Union
Zlín Z-XII 1935  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Germany, Slovakia, UK, Yugoslavia

Advanced trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini S.7 1943  Italy
Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone 1940  Italy
Arado Ar 65[33] 1931  Germany
Arado Ar 66 1933  Germany
Arado Ar 68[33] 1936  Germany
Arado Ar 96 1939  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Avia B.122 1934  Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, USSR
Bücker Bü 133 1938  Germany Germany, Yugoslavia
CAC Wirraway 1939  Australia
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-2/3/4/5 1931  Bulgaria
Caudron C.690 1939  France
Curtiss-Wright CW-22/SNC Falcon 1942  United States U.S., Netherlands
Focke-Wulf Fw 56 1935  Germany
Fokker D.XVII[33] 1932  Netherlands
Hawker Hart Trainer 1930  United Kingdom
IMAM Ro.41 1935  Italy
Koolhoven F.K.56 1938  Netherlands Netherlands, Belgium
Messerschmitt Bf 108 1935  Germany Germany, Bulgaria, ...
Mitsubishi A5M4-K[38] 1936  Japan
Mitsubishi A6M2-K Zero[38] 1940  Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.225[33] 1933  France
Muniz M-9 1937  Brazil
Mansyu Ki-79 1937  Japan
Nardi FN.305 1938  Italy Italy, Romania, Hungary, France
Nardi FN.316 1942  Italy Italy, Germany
Nieuport-Delage NiD 62[33] 1931  France
North American T-6/SNJ Texan/Harvard[10] 1935  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, India, New Zealand, Norway, UK...
Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen 1926 Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Praga BH-41 1931  Czechoslovakia
PWS-26 1937  Poland Poland, Romania, Germany
Rogožarski PVT 1934  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Rogožarski R-100 1939  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-Х 1937  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Romano R.82 1937  France
SET 7 1931  Romania
Stampe et Vertongen SV.5 Tornado 1933  Belgium Belgium, Latvia
Tachikawa Ki-55 1940  Japan Japan, Thailand
Miles Master 1939  United Kingdom
Svenska Aero Jaktfalken 1930  Sweden Finland
VEF I-12 1935  Latvia
VL Tuisku 1935  Finland
VL Pyry 1941  Finland
Yakovlev UT-1 1936  Soviet Union USSR, China
Zmaj Fizir FN 1931  Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy
Zmaj Fizir FP-2 1936  Kingdom of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy

Multi-engine trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Oxford 1937  United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway
Avro Anson[39] 1936  United Kingdom
UK, Canada, France, U.S.
Blackburn Botha bomber trainer & target tug 1939  United Kingdom
Bristol Buckmaster 1945  United Kingdom
Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita 1942  United States
Cessna AT-8/AT-17/UC-78/JRC Bobcat/Crane 1939  United States U.S., Brazil, Canada, France
Curtiss AT-9 1941  United States
Focke-Wulf Fw 58 1937  Germany Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania
Hanriot H.232 1940  France France, Finland
LWS-6/PZL.30 Żubr[40] 1938  Poland
Mitsubishi K7M 1931  Japan
Potez 56 crew trainer and target tug 1936  France
Tachikawa Ki-54 1941  Japan

Target tugs and misc. trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
De Havilland Dominie radio trainer 1940  United Kingdom
Fairey IIIF target tug 1926  United Kingdom
Fairey Battle bombing/gunnery trainer & target tug 1939  United Kingdom Australia, Canada, South Africa, UK
Fairey Gordon advanced trainer & target tug 1931  United Kingdom Australia, UK
Fleet Fort intermediate trainer & radio trainer 1941  Canada
Hawker Henley target tug 1938  United Kingdom
Kyushu K10W intermediate trainer & target tug 1943  Japan
Kyushu K11W bomber crew trainer 1943  Japan
Miles Martinet target tug 1942  United Kingdom
Miles Mentor radio trainer 1938  United Kingdom
Nardi FN.315 intermediate trainer 1938  Italy
Percival Proctor radio trainer 1939  United Kingdom
Westland Wallace radio trainer & target tug 1933  United Kingdom
Yokosuka K4Y floatplane trainer 1933  Japan


Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Cierva C.30 autogyro 1934  United Kingdom UK, Belgium, France, Germany
Flettner Fl 282 helicopter 1942  Germany
Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 autogyro kite[28] 1943  Germany
Kamov A-7 autogyro 1934  Soviet Union
Kayaba Ka-1 and Ka-2 autogyro 1941  Japan
Pitcairn PA-39 autogyro[41] 1940  United States UK
Sikorsky R-4 helicopter 1944  United States U.S., UK
Sikorsky R-6 helicopter 1945  United States U.S., UK

Lighter than Air

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Goodyear G class blimp patrol blimp 1935  United States
Goodyear K class blimp patrol blimp 1938  United States
Goodyear L class blimp training blimp 1938  United States
Goodyear M class blimp patrol blimp 1944  United States

Rockets, Missiles and Drones

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Culver PQ-8 target drone 1940  United States
Culver PQ-14 Cadet target drone 1942  United States
Fieseler Fi 103R manned flying bomb 1944  Germany
Interstate TDR assault drone (UCAV) 1944  United States
Naval Aircraft Factory TDN assault drone (UCAV) 1942  United States
V-1 Flying Bomb surface to surface cruise missile 1943  Germany
V-2 rocket surface to surface ballistic missile 1944  Germany
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka manned flying bomb 1945  Japan


Prototypes were aircraft that were intended to enter service but did not, either due to changing requirements, failing to meet requirements, other problems, or the end of the war. If the aircraft was deployed to regular squadrons or used in an operational capacity other than evaluation, it should be listed above under its appropriate type. Napkinwaffe - paper projects and aircraft that first flew after the war are not included.

Fighter prototypes

Single engined, Single seat fighters, fighter-bombers and jet fighters

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.18 1939  Italy
Ambrosini SS.4 1940  Italy canard pusher-engine fighter
Ambrosini SAI.403 1943  Italy lightweight fighter
Avia B.35 1938  Czechoslovakia
Aviotehas PN-3 1939  Estonia
Bell XP-77 1944  United States lightweight fighter
Bell XP-83 1945  United States jet fighter
Bachem Ba 349 Natter 1945  Germany vertical launch point defence rocket interceptor
Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1 1942  Soviet Union rocket fighter
Borovkov-Florov I-207 1937  Soviet Union cantilever-wing biplane fighter
Canadian Car and Foundry FDB-1 1938  Canada biplane fighter
Caproni Vizzola F.4 1940  Italy
Caproni Vizzola F.5 1939  Italy
Caproni Vizzola F.6 1941  Italy
Curtiss XF14C 1944  United States naval fighter with liquid cooled engine
Curtiss YP-37 1937  United States
Curtiss XP-42 1939  United States
Curtiss XP-46 1941  United States
Curtiss XP-53/YP-60 1942  United States
Curtiss XP-62 1943  United States
Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender 1943  United States canard pusher-engine fighter
de Havilland Vampire 1943  United Kingdom jet fighter entered service post-war
Fokker D.XXIII 1939  Netherlands push/pull twin-engine fighter
Fiat G.56 1944  Italy
Horten Ho 229 1944  Germany jet flying wing fighter
Hawker Tornado 1939  United Kingdom
Heinkel He 280 1940  Germany
Henschel Hs 132 1945  Germany prone pilot jet fighter/dive bomber
Kawasaki Ki-60 1941  Japan
Koolhoven F.K.55 1938  Netherlands buried engine fighter
Kyushu J7W 1945  Japan canard pusher-engine fighter
Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star 1944  United States jet fighter, entered service post-war
Martin-Baker MB 2 1938  United Kingdom
Martin-Baker MB 3 1942  United Kingdom
Martin-Baker MB 5 1944  United Kingdom
McDonnell FH Phantom 1945  United States naval jet fighter
Messerschmitt Me 209 1938  Germany racer/fighter
Messerschmitt Me 309 1942  Germany
Messerschmitt Me 328 1944  Germany pulse jet fighter
Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 1945  Soviet Union mixed-power fighter
Miles M.20 1940  United Kingdom emergency fighter
Nakajima Ki-12 1936  Japan V12 fighter
Nakajima Kikka 1945  Japan jet fighter
North American P-82 Twin Mustang 1945  United States twin fuselage fighter too late for war
Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet 1943  United States tailless pusher fighter
Piaggio P.119 1942  Italy buried radial engine fighter
PZL.50 Jastrząb 1939  Poland
Renard R-36/R-37/R-38 1938  Belgium
SNCAO 200 1939  France
Tachikawa Ki-106 1945  Japan
VEF I-16 1939  Latvia lightweight fighter
VL Humu 1944  Finland
VL Pyörremyrsky 1945  Finland
Weiss-Manfred WM.23 Ezüst Nyíl 1942  Hungary
Polikarpov I-185 1941  Soviet Union
Polikarpov ITP 1942  Soviet Union
Sukhoi Su-5 1945  Soviet Union mixed-power fighter
Sukhoi Su-7 1944  Soviet Union high-altitude interceptor

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aichi S1A 1945  Japan night fighter
Arado Ar 240 1940  Germany
Arsenal-Delanne 10 1941  France tandem wing two seat fighter
Boeing YB-40 Flying Fortress 1943  United States large escort fighter
Boeing XF8B 1944  United States
Boulton Paul P.92 1937  United Kingdom
SABCA S.47 1939  Italy Belgium
Consolidated XB-41 Liberator 1942  United States large escort fighter
Consolidated Vultee XP-81 1945  United States
Fisher P-75 Eagle 1943  United States
Gloster F.9/37 1939  United Kingdom
Grumman XF5F Skyrocket 1940  United States
Grumman XP-50 1941  United States
Hawker Hotspur 1938  United Kingdom
Hughes D-2 1943  United States
IMAM Ro.58 1942  Italy
Kawasaki Ki-64 1943  Japan
Kawasaki Ki-96 1943  Japan
Lockheed XP-49 1942  United States
Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning 1944  United States
McDonnell XP-67 Bat 1944  United States
Moskalyev SAM-13 1941  Soviet Union
Nikitin IS-1 1941  Soviet Union
Piaggio P.119 1942  Italy
Polikarpov TIS 1941  Soviet Union
PZL.38 Wilk 1938  Poland
Republic XP-69/XP-72 1943  United States
Savoia-Marchetti SM.88, SM.91 and SM.92 1939  Italy heavy fighters
SNCASE SE.100 1939  France
Sukhoi Su-6 1941  Soviet Union
Vickers Type 432 1942  United Kingdom
Vultee XP-54 1943  United States

Bomber and attack aircraft prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aero A.300 1938  Czechoslovakia
ANBO VIII 1939  Lithuania
Avia B-158 1938  Czechoslovakia
Avro Lincoln 1945  United Kingdom too late for war
Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly 1944  United States
Blackburn Firebrand 1945  United Kingdom too late for war
Bloch MB.162 1940  France
Boeing XB-15 1937  United States
Boeing XB-38 Flying Fortress 1943  United States
Boeing XB-39 Superfortress 1944  United States
Boeing XB-44 Superfortress 1945  United States
Breguet 462 1936  France
Breda Ba.75 1939  Italy
Breda Ba.201 1941  Italy
Brewster XA-32 1943  United States
Bristol Brigand 1944  United Kingdom too late for war
CAC Woomera 1941  Australia
CANT Z.1011 1936  Italy
CANT Z.1018 1939  Italy
Caudron C.670 Typhon 1935  France light bomber (derived from racer)
DAR 10 1939  Bulgaria
Dornier Do 19 1936  Germany cancelled heavy bomber, possibly used as transport
Dornier Do 317 1943  Germany heavy bomber
Douglas AD Skyraider 1945  United States torpedo/dive bomber
Douglas BTD Destroyer 1944  United States
Douglas XB-19 1941  United States
Douglas XA-42 Mixmaster 1944  United States bomber with buried engines driving pusher propeller in tail
Focke-Wulf Fw 191 1942  Germany medium/heavy bomber
Fokker T.IX 1939  Netherlands
Heinkel He 119 1937  Germany unarmed reconnaissance bomber
Henschel Hs 130 1940  Germany high altitude bomber
IAR 47 1942  Romania
Junkers Ju 187 1943  Germany
Junkers Ju 287 1944  Germany
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK 1945  United States dive and torpedo bomber
Latécoère 299 1939  France carrier-based version of Latécoère 298
Letov Š-50 1938  Czechoslovakia
Messerschmitt Me 261 1940  Germany maritime reconnaissance
Messerschmitt Me 264 1942  Germany 4 engined Amerika bomber
Nakajima G5N 1941  Japan
Nakajima G8N 1944  Japan
North American XB-28 1942  United States
Polikarpov NB 1944  Soviet Union
Praga E-51 1938  Czechoslovakia
PZL.46 Sum 1939  Poland
Reggiane Re.2003 1941  Italy
Rikugun Ki-93 1945  Japan
Savoia-Marchetti SM.89 1942  Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.93 1944  Italy
SNCAO CAO.600 1940  France
Supermarine Type 322 1943  United Kingdom
Tachikawa Ki-74 1944  Japan
Vickers Windsor 1943  United Kingdom
Vultee XA-41 1944  United States
Zmaj R-1 1940  Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Transport prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Blohm & Voss BV 144 1944  Germany built in France
Boeing 367 YC-97 Stratofreighter 1944  United States precursor to Boeing (K)C-97 Stratocruiser/Stratotanker, based on B-29 components
Burnelli UB-14/Cunliffe-Owen Clyde Clipper 1939  United States prototype used by UK and France
Consolidated R2Y 1944  United States Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer flying surfaces with new tubular fuselage
Curtiss-Wright C-76 Caravan 1943  United States plywood transport with nose doors
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 1941  Germany transport helicopter
Junkers Ju 390 1943  Germany heavy transport, maritime patrol aircraft, and long-range bomber
Kobeseiko Te-Gō 1943  Japan STOL spotter/liaison
Kokusai Ki-105 1945  Japan fuel transport
Lockheed C-69 Constellation 1943  United States
Praga E-210 1937  Czechoslovakia
Savoia-Marchetti SM.95 1943  Italy
SNCASE Languedoc 1939  France
Stout XC-107 1941  United States flying car evaluated briefly by USAAF
Tachikawa Ki-77 1942  Japan very long range light transport
Tachikawa Ki-92 1945  Japan heavy twin engine troop/cargo transport

Glider prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Allied Aviation XLRA 1943  United States seaplane glider
Baynes Bat 1943  United Kingdom experimental tailless glider,
Blohm & Voss BV 40 1944  Germany interceptor glider
Bristol XLRQ 1943  United States Seaplane glider
CAT TM-2 1943  Italy
Chase YCG-14 1945  United States
Cornelius XFG-1 1944  United States
DFS 331 1942  Germany
Frankfort TG-1 1940  United States
General Airborne Transport XCG-16 1943  United States
Gotha Ka 430 1943  Germany
Junkers Ju 322 1941  Germany
Kokusai Ku-7 1942  Japan
Laister-Kauffman XCG-10 1942  United States
Maeda Ku-6 1945  Japan
Pratt-Read TG-32 1940  United States
Polikarpov BDP 1943  Soviet Union
Slingsby T.20 1944  United Kingdom
St.Louis XCG-5 1942  United States
Antonov A-40 1942  Soviet Union
Yokosuka MXY5 1942  Japan

Trainer prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Airspeed Cambridge 1941  United Kingdom advanced trainer
Boeing XAT-15 1942  United States
CAT QR.14 1943  Italy
de Havilland Don 1938  United Kingdom
Fairchild AT-21 Gunner 1943  United States
Fleetwings BT-12 1942  United States
Heston T.1/37 1938  United Kingdom
Ikarus Aero 2 1940  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Ikarus MM-2 1941  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.12 1939  Norway floatplane trainer
Miles Monitor target tug 1944  United Kingdom
Parnall 382 1939  United Kingdom
PWS-33 Wyżeł 1938  Poland twin-engined trainer
Reid and Sigrist R.S.1 1939  United Kingdom twin-engined trainer
Reid and Sigrist R.S.3 1945  United Kingdom twin-engined trainer
Rogozarski SIM-XI 1938  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Stampe SV.4 1933  Belgium biplane trainer, flown before war but not used until after
Stearman XBT-17 1942  United States monoplane trainer
Yakovlev Yak-5 1944  Soviet Union
Yokosuka D3Y 1945  Japan bomber trainer

Rotorcraft prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Bell 30 1942  United States Helicopter
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 1942  Germany twin rotor transport helicopter
Focke-Achgelis Fa 225 1942  Germany rotary wing glider
Hafner Rotabuggy 1943  United Kingdom towed autogyro jeep
Kellett KD-1/XO-60/YO-60 1934  United States,  Japan autogyro
Landgraf H-2 1944  United States Helicopter
McDonnell XHJH Whirlaway 1944  United States helicopter
Piasecki HRP Rescuer 1945  United States helicopter
Platt-LePage XR-1 1941  United States helicopter

Missile prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Blohm & Voss BV 143 1941  Germany anti-ship missile
Blohm & Voss BV 246 1943  Germany hagelkorn guided glide bomb
EMW C2 Wasserfall 1943  Germany guided surface-to-air missile developed from V-2
Fletcher PQ-11 1941  United States target drone/glide bomb
JB-2 Loon 1944  United States surface-to-surface missile (V-1 copy)
McDonnell LBD Gargoyle 1945  United States air-to-surface missile
Mistel 1943  Germany large air-to-surface missile with parasite guidance aircraft
Rheinmetall-Borsig Feuerlilie 1943  Germany surface-to-air missile
Ruhrstahl X-4 1944  Germany air-to-air missile

Miscellaneous prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Airspeed Fleet Shadower 1940  United Kingdom low speed shipborne aircraft for tracking enemy fleet visually
Bestetti BN-1 1940  Italy racer/fighter/liaison
Blackburn B-20 1940  United Kingdom large seaplane with retractable hull
Bloch MB.480 1939  France floatplane
Blohm & Voss BV 141 1938  Germany asymmetrical tactical reconnaissance aircraft
Blohm & Voss BV 238 1944  Germany very large transport flying boat
Boeing XPBB Sea Ranger 1942  United States patrol seaplane
CANT Z.511 1940  Italy
Caproni Ca.316 1940  Italy floatplane
Consolidated XP4Y Corregidor 1939  United States patrol seaplane
DFS 228 1944  Germany high-altitude manned reconnaissance rocket
ERCO Ercoupe YO-55 1940  United States JATO tests
General Aircraft Fleet Shadower 1940  United Kingdom low speed shipborne aircraft for tracking enemy fleet visually
IMAM Ro.63 1940  Italy
Kawanishi E15K 1941  Japan reconnaissance floatplane
Koolhoven F.K.49 1935  Netherlands photo survey
Loire-Nieuport 10 1939  France patrol floatplane
LWS-3 Mewa 1938  Poland army cooperation
Nakajima Ki-115 1945  Japan kamikaze aircraft
Nihon L7P 1942  Japan transport amphibian
SFAN 11 1940  France liaison
Short Seaford 1944  United Kingdom improved Short Sunderland, trials only
Short Shetland 1944  United Kingdom large, very long range reconnaissance flying boat
SNCAC NC.4-10 1939  France floatplane bomber/torpedo bomber
SNCAO 30 1938  France seaplane trainer
Tachikawa Ki-70 1943  Japan high speed photo reconnaissance aircraft
Tupolev MTB-2 1937  Soviet Union four-engine flying boat, cancelled after German invasion
Zveno SPB 1938  Soviet Union parasite fighter system with large bomber carrying 2-5 fighters

Experimental aircraft

Aircraft intended to prove a concept or idea and which were not intended or suitable for military service. Does not include operational aircraft modified for experimental purposes.

Flight behaviour research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Armstrong Whitworth A.W.52 1945  United Kingdom flying wing
Cierva W.9 1945  United Kingdom experimental helicopter testing blown air for coutering rotor torque
DFS 194 1940  Germany aerodynamic testbed for Messerschmitt Me 163
Göppingen Gö 9 1941  Germany tail mounted propeller testbed
Handley Page Manx 1943  United Kingdom tailless aircraft
Hiller XH-44 1944  United States coaxial rotor helicopter
Hillson Bi-mono 1941  United Kingdom slip wing testbed
Kayaba Ku-2 1940  Japan tailless glider
Kayaba Ku-3 1941  Japan tailless glider
Kawasaki Ki-78 1942  Japan high speed flight
Kellett XR-8 1944  United States intermesh rotor helicopter
Martin 162A Tadpole Clipper 1937  United States half scale flyingboat
Miles M.35 and M.39 Libellula 1942  United Kingdom tandem wings
Miles M.30 1942  United Kingdom blended wing
Northrop N-1M 1941  United States flying wing
Northrop N-9M 1942  United States flying wing
Piasecki PV-2 1943  United States helicopter
Saro Shrimp 1939  United Kingdom half sized flying boat
Tachikawa SS-1 1943  Japan high altitude research, pressurized cabin
Vought V-173 1942  United States aerodynamic testbed for Vought XF5U which never flew
Yokosuka MXY6 1943  Japan aerodynamic testbed for Kyushu J7W
Yokosuka MXY8/Ku-13 1945  Japan aerodynamic testbed for Mitsubishi J8M rocket interceptor

Engine research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Caproni Campini N.1 1940  Italy jet engine testbed
Folland Fo.108 1940  United Kingdom piston engine testbed
Gloster E.28/39 1941  United Kingdom jet engine testbed
Heinkel He 176 1939  Germany rocket engine testbed
Heinkel He 178 1939  Germany jet engine testbed

Misc research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Akaflieg Berlin B 9 1944  Germany prone pilot research
Heinkel He 119 1937  Germany streamlining
Piaggio P.111 1941  Italy high altitude Research

See also


  1. Built in Canada
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Retired 1942
  3. Developed from CAC Wirraway
  4. In service by VJ day
  5. Relegated to training
  6. Ordered by Thailand, disarmed and impressed as trainer
  7. Developed from Westland Whirlwind
  8. Developed into Avro Lancaster
  9. 9.0 9.1 Prototype used operationally
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Also built in Canada
  11. Retired 1943
  12. Retired by Germany before war
  13. Used for coastal patrol briefly
  14. Retired by Japan before Dec. 1941
  15. Retired by US before war
  16. Developed from Lockheed 14 transport
  17. Developed from Lockheed 18 Lodestar transport
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Retired by UK before war
  19. Retired by France before war
  20. Second line duties during war
  21. Later developed in North American P-51 Mustang fighter
  22. Relegated to training in France before war
  23. Bomber/transport
  24. Retired by US long before the war
  25. Primarily used as trainer
  26. Obsolete fighter used for reconnaissance
  27. Not used by France
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 Submarine aircraft
  29. Not used by Germany
  30. Designed as bomber, used as transport
  31. Bomber/Transport, RCAF bought 2 ex-inflight refuelling aircraft
  32. 32.0 32.1 Later versions built as transports
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 33.5 Obsolete combat aircraft used for training
  34. Also used as a trainer
  35. Retired by Germany before the war
  36. Built in Canada & elsewhere
  37. accessdate=26 June 2012
  38. 38.0 38.1 Variant specifically built as a trainer with two seat cockpit.
  39. Monococque version developed in Canada
  40. Obsolete bomber used for training
  41. Not used by US

External links

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