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The Royal Navy is the principal naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. As of April 2022, there are 72 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy.

Of the commissioned vessels, twenty-two are major surface combatants (six guided missile destroyers, twelve frigates, two amphibious transport docks and two aircraft carriers), and nine are nuclear-powered submarines (four ballistic missile submarines and five fleet submarines). In addition the Navy possesses eleven mine countermeasures vessels, twenty-four patrol vessels, four survey vessels, one icebreaker and one historic warship, Victory. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is approximately 428,500 tonnes.

The Royal Navy operates four bases where commissioned ships are based: HMNB Portsmouth, HMNB Devonport and HMNB Clyde and the Royal Navy's newest base, HMS Jufair in Bahrain.[1] In addition, a number of commissioned vessels belonging to the University Royal Naval Units (URNU) are stationed at various locations around the United Kingdom, and two patrol vessels form part of the Gibraltar Squadron and are permanently based there.

Besides the Royal Navy, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) and the Royal Marines operate their own flotillas of vessels which complement the assets of the Royal Navy, however they are not included in this list or the above figures (the Royal Navy and RFA combined have 83 vessels with a total displacement in excess of 760,500 tonnes). In addition, the naval training vessels Brecon and Cromer can be found based at the Royal Navy shore establishment HMS Raleigh and the Britannia Royal Naval College, respectively, along with a number of P1000s and Motor Whalers.[2][3] As a supporting contingent of Her Majesty's Naval Service, the civilian Marine Services operate many auxiliary ships (including coastal logistics, tugs and research vessels) in support of Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary operations.[4] (with a total displacement in excess of 815,000 tonnes).

All ships and submarines currently in commission with the Royal Navy were built in the United Kingdom, with the exceptions of icebreaker Protector which was built in Norway and survey vessel Magpie which was substantially built in Ireland. All vessels of the Royal Navy bear the ship prefix "HMS", for Her Majesty's Ship or Her Majesty's Submarine.

Ceremonial/Historic ship

Flagship of the First Sea Lord
Classic first-rate
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Ship of the line HMS Victory 1778[N 1] 3,556 tonnes First-rate ship of the line Portsmouth [5]

Submarine service

Submarine service
Strategic
Class Boat No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Vanguard class HMS Vanguard S28 1993 15,900 tonnes Ballistic missile submarine Clyde [6]
HMS Victorious S29 1995 [7]
HMS Vigilant S30 1996 [8]
HMS Vengeance S31 1999 [9]
Fleet
Class Boat Pennant No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Astute class HMS Astute S119 2010 7,400 tonnes Fleet submarine Clyde [10]
HMS Ambush S120 2013 [11]
HMS Artful S121 2016 [12]
HMS Audacious S122 2021 [13][14]
Trafalgar class HMS Triumph S93 1991 5,300 tonnes Devonport [15]

Surface fleet

Surface fleet
Aircraft carriers
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Queen Elizabeth class HMS Queen Elizabeth R08 2017 65,000 tonnes Aircraft carrier Portsmouth [16][17][N 2]
HMS Prince of Wales R09 2019 [18]
Amphibious warfare
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Albion class HMS Albion L14 2003 19,560 tonnes Amphibious transport dock Devonport [19]
HMS Bulwark L15 2004 [20][N 3]
Destroyers
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Type 45 (Daring class) HMS Daring D32 2009 8,500 tonnes Anti Air Guided Missile Destroyer Portsmouth [21][22]
HMS Dauntless D33 2010 [23]
HMS Diamond D34 2011 [24]
HMS Dragon D35 2012 [25]
HMS Defender D36 2013 [26]
HMS Duncan D37 2013 [27]
Frigates
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Type 23 (Duke class) HMS Argyll F231 1991 4,900 tonnes Guided missile frigate Devonport [28]
HMS Lancaster F229 1992 Portsmouth [29]
HMS Iron Duke F234 1993 Portsmouth [30]
HMS Montrose F236 1994 Devonport [31][N 4]
HMS Westminster F237 1994 Portsmouth [32]
HMS Northumberland F238 1994 Devonport [33]
HMS Richmond F239 1995 Devonport [34]
HMS Somerset F82 1996 Devonport [35]
HMS Sutherland F81 1997 Devonport [36]
HMS Kent F78 2000 Portsmouth [37]
HMS Portland F79 2001 Devonport [38]
HMS St Albans F83 2002 Devonport [39]
Offshore patrol
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
River class HMS Tyne P281 2003 1,700 tonnes Offshore patrol vessel Portsmouth [40]
HMS Severn P282 2003 and 2021 [41]
HMS Mersey P283 2003 [42]
HMS Forth P222 2018 2,000 tonnes [43][N 5]
HMS Medway P223 2019 [44][N 6]
HMS Trent P224 2020 [45][N 7]
HMS Tamar P233 2020 [46][N 8]
HMS Spey P234 2021 [47][N 9]
Mine countermeasures
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Hunt class HMS Ledbury M30 1981 750 tonnes Minehunter Portsmouth [48]
HMS Cattistock M31 1982 [49]
HMS Brocklesby M33 1983 [50]
HMS Middleton M34 1984 [51][N 10]
HMS Chiddingfold M37 1984 [52][N 11]
HMS Hurworth M39 1985 [53]
Sandown class HMS Penzance M106 1998 600 tonnes Clyde [54][N 12]
HMS Pembroke M107 1998 [55]
HMS Grimsby M108 1999 [56]
HMS Bangor M109 2000 [57][N 13]
HMS Shoreham M112 2001 [58]
Coastal & Fast patrol
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
P2000 or Archer class HMS Archer P264 1985 54 tonnes Patrol boat, URNU Edinburgh [59]
HMS Biter P270 1986 Eaglet [60]
HMS Smiter P272 1988 Portsmouth [61]
HMS Pursuer P273 1988 TBD[62] [63][N 14]
HMS Blazer P279 1988 Portsmouth [64]
HMS Dasher P280 1988 TBD[65] [66][N 15]
HMS Puncher P291 1988 Portsmouth [67]
HMS Charger P292 1988 Eaglet [68]
HMS Ranger P293 1988 Portsmouth [69]
HMS Trumpeter P294 1988 Ipswich [70]
HMS Express P163 1988 Cardiff [71]
HMS Example P165 1985 Gateshead [72]
HMS Explorer P164 1986 Hull [73]
HMS Exploit P167 1988 Portsmouth [74]
HMS Tracker P274 1998 Patrol boat Clyde [75][N 16]
HMS Raider P275 1998 [76][N 17]
Cutlass class HMS Cutlass P295 2022 35 tonnes Patrol boat Gibraltar [77][N 18]

Auxiliary fleet

Auxiliary ships
Survey
Class Ship No. Commissioned Displacement Type Homeport Note
Echo class HMS Echo H87 2003 3,740 tonnes Multi-purpose survey Devonport [78][N 19]
HMS Enterprise H88 2003 [80]
HMS Scott H131 1997 13,500 tonnes Ocean survey [81]
HMS Protector A173 2011 5,000 tonnes Icebreaker & survey [82]
HMS Magpie H130 2018 37 tonnes Survey motor launch [83]

Gallery

Flagship of the First Sea Lord

Classic first-rate

Submarine Service

Strategic

Attack

Surface Fleet

Aircraft Carriers

Amphibious Warfare

In addition, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary possess three 16,160 tonne Bay-class dock landing ships (LSD).

Major Surface Combatants

Offshore Patrol

In addition to the above vessels, the Border Force possess five cutters.

Mine countermeasures

Fast Patrol

The Royal Marines operate three Island-class fast patrol boats (Mull, Rona and Eorsa) from HMNB Clyde.

Survey

The British Antarctic Survey operates two Royal Research Ships which work in conjunction with Protector.

HMS Excellent

Static ship

Silhouettes

Silhouettes of major fleet units:

Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier
Queen Elizabeth
Albion-class landing platform dock
Albion
Albion-class landing platform dock
Bulwark
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Daring
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Dauntless
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Diamond
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Dragon
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Defender
Daring-class Type 45 destroyer
Duncan
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Argyll
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Lancaster
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Iron Duke
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Monmouth
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Montrose
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Westminster
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Northumberland
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Richmond
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Somerset
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Sutherland
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Kent
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
Portland
Duke-class Type 23 frigate
St Albans
Vanguard-class SSBN
Vanguard
Vanguard-class SSBN
Victorious
Vanguard-class SSBN
Vigilant
Vanguard-class SSBN
Vengeance
Astute-class SSN
Astute
Astute-class SSN
Ambush
Astute-class SSN
Artful
Trafalgar-class SSN
Trenchant
Trafalgar-class SSN
Talent
Trafalgar-class SSN
Triumph

See also

Lists of ships operated by or in support of Her Majesty's Naval Service
Related articles

Footnotes

  1. Launched in 1765 and commissioned in 1778, making Victory the world's oldest warship still in commission.
  2. Queen Elizabeth is the current Fleet Flagship as of 2021.
  3. Bulwark entered 'extended readiness' in late 2016.
  4. HMS Montrose is forward deployed, operating from HMS Jufair in Bahrain.
  5. HMS Forth is forward deployed as guardship in the Falkland Islands.
  6. HMS Medway is forward deployed as Atlantic Patrol Tasking (North) guardship in the Caribbean.
  7. HMS Trent is forward deployed to Gibraltar for regional operations in the Mediterranean and Gulf of Guinea.
  8. HMS Tamar is forward deployed to the Indo-Pacific region
  9. HMS Spey is forward deployed to the Indo-Pacific region
  10. HMS Middleton is forward deployed as part of 9 Mine Countermeasures Squadron, operating from HMS Jufair in Bahrain.
  11. HMS Chiddingfold is forward deployed as part of 9 Mine Countermeasures Squadron, operating from HMS Jufair in Bahrain.
  12. HMS Penzance is forward deployed as part of 9 Mine Countermeasures Squadron, operating from HMS Jufair in Bahrain.
  13. HMS Bangor is forward deployed as part of 9 Mine Countermeasures Squadron, operating from HMS Jufair in Bahrain.
  14. Formerly based in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Returned to the U.K. May 2022.
  15. Formerly based in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Returned to the U.K. May 2022.
  16. Forms part of the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron providing security to nuclear submarines entering and leaving the waters in and around HMNB Clyde.
  17. Forms part of the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron providing security to nuclear submarines entering and leaving the waters in and around HMNB Clyde.
  18. Permanently based in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. Forms part of the Gibraltar Squadron.
  19. Echo reported in low readiness/reserve as of May 2022.[79]

References

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  29. "HMS Lancaster". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-lancaster. 
  30. "HMS Iron Duke". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-iron-duke. 
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  32. "HMS Westminster". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-westminster. 
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  34. "HMS Richmond". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-richmond. 
  35. "HMS Somerset". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-somerset. 
  36. "HMS Sutherland". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-sutherland. 
  37. "HMS Kent". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/frigates/hms-kent. 
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  56. "HMS Grimsby". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/minehunters/sandown-class/hms-grimsby. 
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  81. "HMS Scott". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/ocean-survey-ship/hms-scott. 
  82. "HMS Protector". http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/antarctic-patrol-ship/hms-protector. 
  83. "HMS Magpie". https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/our-organisation/the-fighting-arms/surface-fleet/survey/coastal-survey-ship/hms-magpie. 

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