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The United States had an offensive biological weapons program from 1943 until 1969. Today, the nation is a member of the Biological Weapons Convention and has renounced biological warfare.

Agencies and organizations

Military and government agencies and schools

Biological weapons program locations

  • Granite Peak Range

Treaties, laws and policies


Canceled weapons

  • E77 balloon bomb
  • E99 bomblet
  • Flettner rotor, an experimental biological cluster bomb sub-munition
  • Project St. Jo
  • SPD Mk I, 4 lb. World War II-era biological bomb

Other weapons

Weaponized biological agents

  • anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis
  • tularemia, caused by Francisella tularensis
  • brucellosis, caused by Brucella suis
  • Q-fever, caused by Coxiella burnetii
  • botulism, botulin toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum
  • Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B (SEB), toxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus, used as an incapacitating agent
  • Stem rust, both wheat and rye stem rust, fungal anticrop agent
  • Rice blast, fungal anticrop agent

Researched biological agents

  • Argentinian hemorrhagic fever (AHF)
  • Bird flu
  • Bolivian hemorrhagic fever (BHF)
  • Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)
  • Dengue fever
  • Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE)
  • Hantavirus
  • Lassa fever
  • Late blight of potato
  • glanders
  • melioidosis
  • Newcastle disease
  • Plague
  • Psittacosis
  • Smallpox
  • Ricin
  • Rift Valley fever (RVF)
  • Rinderpest
  • Typhus
  • Western equine encephalitis (WEE)
  • Yellow fever

Operations and exercises

Biological attacks

See also


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