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The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinking after being torpedoed by a German submarine in November 1941, the assisting destroyer HMS Legion was sunk in 1942.

This is a list of Royal Navy ships and personnel lost during World War II, from 3 September 1939 to 1 October 1945.

See also List of ships of the Royal Navy.

Personnel losses

The Royal Navy lost 50758 men killed in action, 820 missing in action and 14663 wounded in action.[1] The Women's Royal Naval Service lost 102 killed and 22 wounded.[1]

Battleships

The Royal Navy lost 3 battleships:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Royal Oak (08) Scapa Flow October 14, 1939 Sunk by U-47
HMS Barham (04) off the coast of Sidi Barrani, Egypt November 25, 1941 Sunk by U-331
HMS Prince of Wales (53) South China Sea December 10, 1941 Sunk by Japanese aircraft.

Battlecruisers

The Royal Navy lost 2 battlecruisers:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Hood (51) Denmark Strait May 24, 1941 Sunk by naval gunfire from Bismarck
HMS Repulse (26) South China Sea December 10, 1941 Sunk by Japanese aircraft.

Aircraft carriers

The Royal Navy lost 5 fleet carriers:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Courageous (50) off the coast of Ireland September 17, 1939 Sunk by U-29
HMS Glorious (77) Norwegian Sea June 8, 1940 Sunk by naval gunfire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau
HMS Ark Royal (91) south east of Gibraltar November 13, 1941 Sunk by U-81
HMS Hermes (95) Sri Lanka April 9, 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS Eagle (94) south of Cape Salinas August 11, 1942 Sunk by U-73

Escort aircraft carriers

The Royal Navy lost 3 escort carriers:

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Audacity (D10) Atlantic Ocean December 21, 1941 Sunk by U-751
HMS Avenger (D14) off Gibraltar November 15, 1942 Sunk by U-155
HMS Dasher (D37) Firth of Clyde March 27, 1943 Sunk by internal explosion

Cruisers

The Royal Navy lost 28 cruisers.[2]

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Dunedin (96) Atlantic Ocean November 24, 1941 Sunk by U-124
HMS Durban (D99) off Normandy June 9, 1944 deliberately scuttled
HMS Neptune (20) off Tripoli December 19, 1941 Sunk by mine
HMS Calypso (D61) off Crete June 12, 1940 Sunk by submarine Bagnolini
HMS Coventry (D43) off Crete September 14, 1942 Scuttled
HMS Curacoa (D41) off Ireland October 2, 1942 rammed by RMS Queen Mary
HMS Curlew (D42) off Narvik May 26, 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Cairo (D87) off Bizerte August 12, 1942 Sunk by submarine Axum
HMS Calcutta (D82) off Alexandria June 1, 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Galatea (71) off Alexandria December 15, 1941 Sunk by U-557
HMS Penelope (97) off Naples February 18, 1944 Sunk by U-410
HMS Edinburgh (16) Arctic Ocean May 2, 1942 Sunk by German destroyers
HMS Southampton (83) off Malta January 11, 1941 Scuttled
HMS Manchester (15) Cap Bon August 13, 1942 Scuttled
HMS Gloucester (62) off Crete May 22, 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Charybdis (88) Battle of Sept-Îles October 23, 1943 Sunk by German torpedoboats
HMS Hermione (74) off Crete June 16, 1942 Sunk by U-205
HMS Bonaventure (31) off Crete March 31, 1941 Sunk by submarine Ambra
HMS Naiad (93) off Crete March 11, 1942 Sunk by U-565
HMS Spartan (95) off Anzio January 29, 1944 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Fiji (58) off Crete May 22, 1941 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Trinidad (46) off North Cape May 15, 1942 Scuttled
HMS Effingham (D98) off Bodø May 18, 1940 ran aground
HMS Cornwall (56) off Ceylon April 5, 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS Dorsetshire (40) off Ceylon April 5, 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS York (90) Crete March 26, 1941 Scuttled
HMS Exeter (68) Battle of the Java Sea March 1, 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire and torpedos

Destroyers

The Royal Navy lost 132 destroyers.[2]

Name Location Date Cause
HMS Tenedos (H04) Colombo Harbour April 5, 1942 Sunk by Japanese aircraft
HMS Thanet (H29) off Singapore January 27, 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Sendai
HMS Stronghold (H 50) off Sunda Strait March 2, 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Maya, Nowaki and Arashi
HMS Sturdy (H 28) off Isle of Tiree October 30, 1940 ran aground
HMS Valentine (L69) off Terneuzen May 15, 1940 damaged by German aircraft and beached
HMS Venetia (D53) Thames Estuary October 19, 1940 Sunk by mine
HMS Vimiera (L 29) Thames Estuary January 9, 1942 Sunk by mine
HMS Wakeful (H88) Dunkirk evacuation May 29, 1940 Sunk by German E-boat
HMS Warwick (D25) Atlantic Ocean February 20, 1944 Sunk by U-413
HMS Wessex (D43) off Calais May 24, 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Whirlwind (D30) Atlantic Ocean July 5, 1940 Sunk by U-34
HMS Whitley (L23) off Ostend May 19, 1940 damaged by German aircraft and beached
HMS Wryneck (D21) off Crete April 27, 1941 sunk by German aircraft
HMS Wren (D 88) off Aldeburgh July 27, 1940 sunk by German aircraft
HMS Veteran (D72) Atlantic Ocean September 26, 1942 sunk by U-404
HMS Wild Swan (D62) Atlantic Ocean June 17, 1942 sunk by German aircraft
HMS Codrington (D65) off Dover July 27, 1940 Sunk by German aircraft
HMS Acasta (H09) off Narvik June 8, 1940 Sunk by naval gunfire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau
HMS Achates (H12) Barents Sea December 31, 1942 Sunk by naval gunfire from Admiral Hipper
HMS Ardent (H41) off Narvik June 8, 1940 Sunk by naval gunfire from Scharnhorst and Gneisenau
HMS Acheron (H45) off Isle of Wight December 17, 1940 Sunk by mine

Submarines

The Royal Navy lost 74 submarines.[2]

Minelayers

The Royal Navy lost 8 minelayers.[2]

Minesweepers

The Royal Navy lost 32 minesweepers.[2]

Others

The Royal Navy lost 10 frigates, 22 corvettes, 10 sloops, 15 auxiliary cruisers and 1035 smaller units, including those lent to Commonwealth and other allied naval forces.[2]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roskill: "Royal Navy - Britische Seekriegsgeschichte 1939-1945", page 403
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Roskill: "Royal Navy - Britische Seekriegsgeschichte 1939-1945", page 404

Literature

  • Stephen Roskill: "Royal Navy - Britische Seekriegsgeschichte 1939-1945", Gerhard Stalling Verlag, 1961

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