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Ligurian Republic

Repubblica Ligure
1797–1805
Flag of Liguria
Flag
The Italian peninsula in 1796
The Italian peninsula in 1796
Devastated blazon that proclaimed the foundation of the Ligurian Republic, 1797; Taggia, Italy
Devastated blazon that proclaimed the foundation of the Ligurian Republic, 1797; Taggia, Italy
Status Client state of the French First Republic
Capital Genoa
Common languages Italian
Government Republic
Executive  
• 1797–1800
Ligurian Directory
• 1800–1802
Provisional Commission of Government
• 1802–1805
Doge Girolamo Durazzo
Legislature Legislative Council
• Upper house
Council of Seniors
• Lower house
Council of Sixty
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
14 June 1797
4 June 1805
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of Genoa
First French Empire

The Ligurian Republic (Italian language: Repubblica Ligure ) was a short-lived French client republic formed by Napoleon on 14 June 1797. It consisted of the old Republic of Genoa which covered most of the Ligurian region of Northwest Italy, and the small Imperial fiefs owned by the House of Savoy inside its territory. Its first Constitution was promulgated on 22 December 1797, establishing a Directorial republic.

The Republic was briefly occupied by the Austrian forces in 1800, but Napoleon soon returned with his army. A new Constitution was so published in 1801, establishing institutions more similar to those of the previous Genoan Republic, with a Doge who was president of a Senate.

In June 1805, the area was directly annexed by France as the départements of the Apennins, of Gênes and of Montenotte. After the fall of Napoleon in 1814 the republic was briefly restored between 28 April and 28 July. Following the Congress of Vienna it was awarded to the Kingdom of Sardinia, and annexed on 3 January 1815. The Ligurian Republic used the traditional Genoese flag, a red cross on a white background. Template:Client states of the Great French War

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