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The '''Ligurian Republic''' ({{lang-it|Repubblica Ligure}}) was a short-lived [[French client republic]] formed by [[Napoleon I of France|Napoleon]] on 14 June 1797. It consisted of the old Republic of Genoa which covered most of the Ligurian region of Northwest Italy, and the small [[Holy Roman Empire|Imperial]] fiefs owned by the House of Savoy inside its territory. Its first Constitution was promulgated on 22 December 1797, establishing a Directorial republic.
{{Infobox Former Country
 
|native_name = ''Repubblica Ligure''
 
|conventional_long_name = Ligurian Republic
 
|common_name = Liguria
 
|continent = Europe
 
|region = Italy
 
|country = Italy
 
|status = Client state
 
|empire = France
 
|status_text = Client state of the [[French First Republic]]
 
|era = Napoleonic Wars
 
|
 
|event_start = [[French Revolutionary Wars|Invaded by France]]
 
|year_start = 1797
 
|date_start = 14 June
 
|year_end = 1805
 
|date_end = 4 June
 
|event_end = [[First French Empire|Annexed by France]]
 
|
 
|p1 = Republic of Genoa
 
|flag_p1 = Flag of Genoa.svg
 
|s1 = First French Empire
 
|flag_s1 = Flag of France.svg
 
|
 
|image_flag = Flag of Genoa.svg
 
|image_map = Italy 1796.png
 
|image_map_caption = The Italian peninsula in 1796
 
|image_map2 = Taggia046.jpg
 
|image_map2_caption = Devastated blazon that proclaimed the foundation of the Ligurian Republic, 1797; [[Taggia]], Italy
 
|legislature = [[Ligurian Legislative Council|Legislative Council]]
 
|house1 = [[Ligurian Council of Seniors|Council of Seniors]]
 
|house2 = [[Ligurian Council of Sixty|Council of Sixty]]
 
|capital = Genoa
 
|government_type = Republic
 
|title_leader = [[Executive (government)|Executive]]
 
|leader1 = [[Ligurian Directory]]
 
|year_leader1 = 1797–1800
 
|leader2 = Provisional Commission of Government
 
|year_leader2 = 1800–1802
 
|leader3 = [[Doge of Genoa|Doge]] Girolamo Durazzo
 
|year_leader3 = 1802–1805
 
|common_languages = [[Italian language|Italian]]
 
|currency = [[Genoan pound]]
 
}}
 
   
 
The Republic was briefly occupied by the Austrian forces in 1800, but [[Napoleon I of France|Napoleon]] soon returned with his army. A new Constitution was so published in 1801, establishing institutions more similar to those of the previous Genoan Republic, with a [[Doge of Genoa|Doge]] who was president of a [[Genoan Senate|Senate]].
The '''Ligurian Republic''' ({{lang-it|Repubblica Ligure}}) was a short-lived [[French client republic]] formed by [[Napoleon I of France|Napoleon]] on 14 June 1797. It consisted of the old [[Republic of Genoa]] which covered most of the [[Liguria]]n region of Northwest [[Italy]], and the small [[Holy Roman Empire|Imperial]] [[fiefdom|fief]]s owned by the [[House of Savoy]] inside its territory. Its first Constitution was promulgated on 22 December 1797, establishing a [[French Directory|Directorial]] [[republic]].
 
   
 
In June 1805, the area was directly annexed by France as the départements of the [[Apennins]], of [[Gênes]] and of [[Montenotte]]. After the fall of Napoleon in 1814 the republic was briefly restored between 28 April and 28 July. Following the [[Congress of Vienna]] it was awarded to the Kingdom of Sardinia, and annexed on 3 January 1815. The Ligurian Republic used the traditional Genoese flag, a red cross on a white background.
The Republic was briefly occupied by the [[Austria]]n forces in 1800, but [[Napoleon I of France|Napoleon]] soon returned with his army. A new Constitution was so published in 1801, establishing institutions more similar to those of the previous Genoan Republic, with a [[Doge of Genoa|Doge]] who was president of a [[Genoan Senate|Senate]].
 
   
In June 1805, the area was directly annexed by France as the [[departments of France|départements]] of the [[Apennins]], of [[Gênes]] and of [[Montenotte]]. After the fall of Napoleon in 1814 the republic was briefly restored between 28 April and 28 July. Following the [[Congress of Vienna]] it was awarded to the [[Kingdom of Sardinia]], and annexed on 3 January 1815. The Ligurian Republic used the traditional Genoese flag, a red cross on a white background.
 
 
{{NapoleonicWars-stub}}
 
{{France-hist-stub}}
 
{{Italy-hist-stub}}
 
{{Client states of the Great French War}}
 
 
{{coord missing|Italy}}
 
{{coord missing|Italy}}
   
 
[[Category:History of Liguria]]
 
[[Category:History of Liguria]]
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{{Wikipedia|Ligurian Republic}}

Latest revision as of 01:27, 28 April 2016

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The Ligurian Republic (Italian language: Repubblica Ligure ) was a short-lived French client republic formed by Napoleon on 14 June 1797. It consisted of the old Republic of Genoa which covered most of the Ligurian region of Northwest Italy, and the small Imperial fiefs owned by the House of Savoy inside its territory. Its first Constitution was promulgated on 22 December 1797, establishing a Directorial republic.

The Republic was briefly occupied by the Austrian forces in 1800, but Napoleon soon returned with his army. A new Constitution was so published in 1801, establishing institutions more similar to those of the previous Genoan Republic, with a Doge who was president of a Senate.

In June 1805, the area was directly annexed by France as the départements of the Apennins, of Gênes and of Montenotte. After the fall of Napoleon in 1814 the republic was briefly restored between 28 April and 28 July. Following the Congress of Vienna it was awarded to the Kingdom of Sardinia, and annexed on 3 January 1815. The Ligurian Republic used the traditional Genoese flag, a red cross on a white background.

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