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Liberation of Smyrna
Part of Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)
The entry of the Turkish Army into Izmir. (77 cm × 53 cm, Museum of Ataturk and the War of Independence Museum)
Date9 September 1922
LocationSmyrna, Ottoman Empire

Decisive Turkish Victory

Grand National Assembly Kingdom of Greece Greece
Commanders and leaders
Fahrettin Altay Kingdom of Greece Aristidis Stergiadis
40,000 (Smyrna's Defense, 4 divisions)[1]

The Liberation of Smyrna (Turkish language: İzmir'in Kurtuluşu) was the final phase of the Great Smyrna Offensive and last conflict of the Turkish Independence War.[1] After the Turkish Army inflicted heavy losses on the Greek Army at Dumlupınar, on 30 August 1922, Greek forces were constantly retreating towards Smyrna as the Turkish Army's westward advance continued. On 9 September 1922, the Turkish Army entered Smyrna from the east (Kemalpaşa). 9 September is considered a local holiday as the Liberation of Izmir in the Province of Izmir, Turkey.

Republican People's Party

In 1923, Republican People's Party was founded by Kemal Atatürk . Atatürk chose 9 September as the establishment date of his party as a reminder of the liberation of İzmir.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Greeks surrender Smyrna to Turks after shell fire, New York Times, published September 10, 1922.

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