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Fusiliers Mont-Royal building

Active created June 18, 1869
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army
Type regiments of the Canadian army.
Garrison/HQ RHQ –
Motto(s) Nunquam retrorsum, "Never retreat".
Engagements Dieppe Raid, North-West Rebellion
Decorations North-West Rebellion
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Fusiliers Mont-Royal entrance

Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal is one of the oldest surviving units of the historical regiments of the Canadian army. It celebrated its regimental centenary in 1969. The unit was created on June 18, 1869. They were first named the 65th Regiment, then the Mount Royal Rifles, later the Carabiniers Mont-Royal and finally in 1931, the name became Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal.

It is also one of the few regiments from French Canada, having its roots in the French part of Montreal in the 19th century. Famous former members include Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau.

Best known for having been one of the participants of the ill-planned Dieppe Raid, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal was put back in shape and later obtained battle honours in seven major engagements in World War II.

The regiment was also involved in several engagements in World War I in Europe, and the interventions of 1885 in the North-West Rebellion in Canada, where it also obtained battle honours.

During all these engagements and the peaceful periods between them, the barracks language was French and the command language was English, following the tradition of several "indigenous" or "native" regiments of the British Empire. Recruits knew that they would have to learn a set of basic English commands for training and fighting purposes, while their daily life could go on in French. When World War I and also when World War II erupted young French-speaking Québécois flocked in great numbers to volunteer for service to the Crown within Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal (and a few other "bilingual" regiments like it), because they expected that in this unit they would not be mocked or otherwise hindered because of their language or their religion. Many of them had to be turned back, because there was not enough room within a single regiment, and because the nascent Canadian army refused any serious expansion to the "bilingual" regiments or the formation of other regiments of the same kind.

The Latin motto of the regiment is Nunquam retrorsum, which can be roughly translated as "Never retreat".

Battle honours[]

  • Defence of Canada – 1812–1815[1]
  • North West Canada 1885
  • The Great War: [awarded battle honours of the 69th Battalion CEF and 150th Battalion CEF, with the following emblazoned:] Ypres 1915 '17, Festubert 1915, Somme 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Hill 70, Amiens, Pursuit to Mons
  • The Second World War: Dieppe, L'Escaut, Bourgebus Ridge, Saint-André-sur-Orne, Verrières Ridge—Tilly-la-Campagne, Falaise, Falaise Road, The Liaison, Forêt de la Londe, Dunkirk 1944, Antwerp-Turnhout Canal, The Scheldt, Woensdrecht, South Beveland, The Rhineland, The Hochwald, Xanten, The Rhine, Groningen, Oldenburg, North-West Europe 1942 '44-45

Former members may join the active associations from the Officers Mess and the Sergents Mess. L'Association les Anciens Sergents Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal accepts retired members of the Junior Ranks Mess as associate Members.

Regimental headquarters[]

The address of Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal is:

Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal
3721 Henri-Julien Street
Montreal, QC H2X 3H4

Armoury[]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description
Manège Henri-Julien, 3721 Henri Julien Street 1911 Canada's Register of Historic Places; Recognized - 1992 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Montreal, Quebec Housing Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, this centrally located armoury is on a corner site, in a densely packed, mixed neighbourhood

Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal Museum[]

Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal Museum
File:Armoury of the Fusiliers Mont-Royal.jpg
Location 3721 Henri-Julien Avenue Montreal, QC Canada
Type Regimental Museum
Website [1]

The museum features uniforms, medals, patches, photographs and other unit memorabilia. It is open on Tuesday evenings and by appointment. The museum collects, preserves, and shows, documents, artifacts, photos which illustrate the military life of our regiment in the city of Montreal in all aspects of life in peace and in war.[2] The Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, OMMC and Virtual Museum of Canada.

Order of precedence[]

Preceded by
6e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment
Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal Succeeded by
The Princess Louise Fusiliers

See also[]

References[]

  1. "The Creation of the Commemorative Theatre Honour and Honorary Distinction "Defence of Canada – 1812-1815 – Défense du Canada"". Department of National Defence. September 14, 2012. http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/news-nouvelles/news-nouvelles-eng.asp?id=4378. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  2. A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03

External links[]

Coordinates: 45°31′05″N 73°34′20″W / 45.518°N 73.5722°W / 45.518; -73.5722

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