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Lebanese–Syrian border clashes
Part of the Syrian civil war spillover in Lebanon
Date1 June 2012 – present
(9 years, 11 months, 3 weeks and 6 days)
LocationSyrian-Lebanese border
Status Ongoing
Belligerents
Syria FSA
Al-Nusra Front
Hezbollah

 Lebanon

Commanders and leaders
Michel Sleiman
Jean Kahwaji
Casualties and losses
17–21 killed 3 killed 5 killed



Lebanese–Syrian border clashes are violent incidents to have taken place on the border of Syria and Lebanon during the Syrian civil war.

Timeline

2012

At the beginning of the summer 2012, two Hezbollah fighters were killed in a clash with Syrian rebels who were on Lebanese territory.[1]

On 17 September, Syrian Ground-attack aircraft fired three missiles 500 metres (1,600 ft) over the border into Lebanese territory near Arsal. It was suggested that the jets were chasing rebels in the vicinity. The attack prompted Lebanese president Michel Sleiman to launch an investigation, whilst not publicly blaming Syria for the incident.[2]

On 22 September, a group of armed members of the Free Syrian Army attacked a border post near Arsal. This was reported to be the second incursion within a week. The group were chased off into the hills by the Lebanese Army, who detained and later released some rebels due to pressure from dignified locals. Michel Sleiman praised the actions taken by the military as maintaining Lebanon's position being “neutral from the conflicts of others". He called on border residents to “stand beside their army and assist its members.” Syria has repeatedly called for an intensified crackdown on rebels that it claims are hiding in Lebanese border towns.[3][4]

On 11 October 2012, four shells fired by the Syrian military hit Masharih al-Qaa, where previous shelling incidents have caused fatalities. Lebanon's position of ignoring the attacks and dissociating itself from the conflict remained unchanged.

On 30 November 2012, between 14 and 20 Islamists from North Lebanon, as well a Palestinian, were killed in an ambush in Tall Kalakh near the Lebanese border. They had gone to Syria to fight alongside the Syrian rebels.[5]

2013

On 1 February 2013, two Lebanese soldiers were killed, along with 1-2 militants, and six were wounded in clashes near the Syrian border which started after an attempt by the military to arrest an anti-Assad rebel commander, who was also killed.[6][7][8]

Three Lebanese soldiers were killed in an attack on their checkpoint near the border town of Arsal by unknown militants who than fled over the border into Syria.[9]

In the night of 2 June 2013, heavy clashes between Syrian rebels and Hezbollah took place near the Lebanese town of Ain el-Jaouze, which is close to the border area between Lebanon and Syria. The rebels were ether members of the radical Al-Nusra Front or of the Free Syrian Army. Hezbollah fighters attacked a rebel rocket team which was reportedly preparing to fire rockets into Shi'ite areas of the Lebanese Beqaa Valley. 14–17 rebels and one Hezbollah fighter were killed. The rebels said the attack was in retaliation for Hezbollah's support for the Syrian Army at the battle of al-Qusayr.[10][11][12][13]

On 6 June 2013, unknown gunmen attacked a Lebanese Army checkpoint in Arsal, near the border. In the ensuing gunfight two of the gunmen were killed. The Army captured a pick-up truck that contained weapons and ammunition. After examining the bodies, it was determined that at least one of the dead gunmen was a Syrian national. The nationality of the other dead man was not stated.[14]

Reactions

  • In October 2012, Hassan Nasrallah denied Hezbollah members were fighting alongside the Syrian army, but that Lebanese in Syria were only protecting Lebanese inhabited villages from the Free Syrian Army.[15]

See also

References

  1. "Hezbollah Increases Support for Syrian Regime, U.S. and Lebanese Officials Say (Beirut)". Northjersey.com. 2012-09-26. http://www.northjersey.com/news/international/171434781_Hezbollah_Increases_Support_for_Syrian_Regime__U_S__and_Lebanese_Officials_Say__Beirut_.html?c=y&page=1. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  2. "FOX News, Syrian jets hit Lebanese territory near border, 18 September 2012". Foxnews.com. 2012-09-18. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/09/18/syrian-jets-hit-lebanese-territory-near-border/#ixzz27JvfB9lg. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  3. "(Lebanon), Lebanese president praises Army response to FSA attack, 23 September 2012". The Daily Star. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Politics/2012/Sep-23/188927-lebanese-president-praises-army-response-to-fsa-attack.ashx#ixzz27JxWSuyo. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  4. "Rebeldes sirios atacan un puesto del Ejército en territorio de Líbano, CNN Espanol, Alkhshali Hamdi, Amir Ahmed, Mohammed Tawfeeq, Ben Brumfield and Joe Sterling, 22 September 2012". Cnnespanol.cnn.com. http://cnnespanol.cnn.com/2012/09/22/rebeldes-sirios-atacan-un-puesto-del-ejercito-en-territorio-de-libano/. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  5. "20 Lebanese killed in Syria ambush". The Daily Star. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Local-News/2012/Nov-30/196719-two-lebanese-killed-several-wounded-near-syria-lebanon-border-sources.ashx#axzz2ED21yq00. Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  6. Arsal ambush kills two Lebanese soldiers hunting wanted fugitive
  7. Soldiers in Lebanon Die in Raid Near Syria
  8. Four soldiers killed in east Lebanon ambush
  9. Violence in Lebanese Border Towns Adds to Fears of Syrian Encroachment
  10. Syrian rebels, Hezbollah in deadly fight in Lebanon
  11. Syrian rebels, Hezbollah in deadly fight in Lebanon: sources
  12. Hezbollah, Syrian rebels clash on Lebanese soil
  13. In Syria, Hezbollah forces appear ready to attack rebels in city of Aleppo
  14. Two killed in clash with Army in Arsal
  15. "Report: 5,000 Pro-Hizbullah Fighters Defending Lebanese-Inhabited Border Towns in Syria". Naharnet. http://www.naharnet.com/stories/en/57430-report-5-000-pro-hizbullah-fighters-defending-lebanese-inhabited-border-towns-in-syria. Retrieved 20 October 2012. 

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