|Royal and Military Order of Saint Ferdinand|
|Awarded by Spain|
|Type||Military Order of Merit|
|Established||31 August 1811|
|Next (lower)||Military Medal|
Ribbon of the order
- For the order of knighthood of the Two Sicilies, see Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit.
The Royal and Military Order of Saint Ferdinand (Spanish language: Real y Militar Orden de San Fernando ), commonly known as Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand (Spanish language: Cruz Laureada de San Fernando ), is Spain's highest military award for gallantry. It is awarded in recognition of action, either individual or collective, to protect the nation, its citizens or the peace and security of the international community in the face of immediate risk to the bearer or bearers' life or lives. Those eligible are current and former members of the Spanish Armed Forces.
Among the conditions laid out by the Royal Military Order of Saint Ferdinand for the granting of the award are:
- that the sole purpose of the action taken wasn't the saving of life;
- that, as far as possible, the damage and number of casualties caused by the action was minimized;
- that the action was taken in the face of significant odds or other detrimental factors;
- that the action taken made a crucial difference to the situation in which it occurred.
The Royal Military Order of Saint Ferdinand was set up the Cádiz Cortes in 1811 to honour heroic feats of arms. Its awardees include Juan Prim, Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón, Francisco de Albear, José Enrique Varela Iglesias, Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, Frederick Thomas Pelham and Francisco Franco Bahamonde.
Loosely adapted from the Spanish Wikipedia article on the same topic.
- Royal Decree 899/2001, de 27 July. BOE (14/08/01) (Spanish) Accessed December 25, 2012.
- Orden del Ministerio de Defensa /3594/2003, of December 10, by that approved rules for ordinary processing and concession of the Crosses of the Military, Naval and Aeronautical Merit, with white badge, and of the honorific mentions, the delegation of competitions in this matter, and use of representative decorations of rewards.. BOE (03/12/23). (Spanish) Accessed December 25, 2012.
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