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Lala
Kara Mustafa
Pasha
[[file:Lala Mustafa Paşa.jpg|frameless|alt=]]
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire

In office
28 April 1580 – 7 August 1580
Monarch Murat III
Preceded by Şemsi Pasha
Succeeded by Koca Sinan Pasha
Personal details
Born c. 1500
Sokolovići, Sanjak of Bosnia, Ottoman Empire
Died August 7, 1580(1580-08-07)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Relations Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (relative)
Religion Islam

Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha (Lala Mustafa Pasha) (c. 1500 – 7 August 1580) was an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier from the Sanjak of Bosnia.

Life[]

He was born around 1500, apparently near the Glasinac Plateau in Bosnia, as the younger brother of Deli Husrev Pasha, who apparently helped him rise through the system's ranks more quickly.

Mustafa Pasha briefly served as kaymakam (acting governor) of Egypt Eyalet in 1549.[1] He had risen to the position of Beylerbeyi of Damascus and then to that of Fifth Vizier. He commanded the Ottoman land forces during the conquest of previously Venetian Cyprus in 1570/71, and in the campaign against Georgia and Persia in 1578. In the final three months of his life, he was Grand Vizier from 28 April 1580 until his death.

It is notable that he was the tutor of Sultan Suleyman's son, Şehzade Bayezid. Apparently, he was in agreement with Bayezid's decision to rebel against his father, although he didn't openly support him in a financial or military way. He also had a long-standing feud with his cousin, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha.[2]

The honorific "Lala" means "tutor to the Sultan"; he had been tutor to the Sultan's sons. Mustafa was known for his cruelty towards vanquished opponents, a reputation that was amply borne out by his treatment of Marco Antonio Bragadin, the Venetian defender of Famagusta, whom he had skinned alive.

He is buried in the courtyard of the Ayub Mosque in Istanbul. His tomb was designed by Ottoman architect Sinan.

Legacy[]

He has a street named after him in cities including Larnaca,[3] Cyprus.

See also[]

References[]

  1. Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb; Johannes Hendrik Kramers; Bernard Lewis; Charles Pellat; Joseph Schacht (1992). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. p. 721. http://books.google.com/books?id=WZDrAAAAMAAJ. 
  2. http://www.biyografi.info/kisi/lala-mustafa-pasa
  3. Road & Tourist Map of Larnaka. SELAS LTD.. ISBN 978-9963-566-92-1. 

Sources[]

  • Bradford, Ernle (1999) [1961, published by Hodder & Stoughton]. The Great Siege: Malta 1565. Wordsworth. ISBN 1840222069. 
  • Bicheno, Hugh. Crescent and Cross: the Battle of Lepanto 1571. Phoenix, London, 2003. ISBN 1-84212-753-5.
  • Currey, E. Hamilton, Sea-Wolves of the Mediterranean,, London, 1910
  • Foglietta, U. The sieges of Nicosia and Famagusta. London: Waterlow, 1903.
  • Pickles, Tim. Malta 1565, Last Battle of the Crusades; Osprey Campaign Series #50, Osprey Publishing, 1998. ISBN 1-85532-603-5.
  • Spiteri, Stephen C.. The Great Siege: Knights vs. Turks, 1565. Malta, 2005.
Political offices
Preceded by
Davud Pasha
as Governor
Ottoman Governor of Egypt (acting)
1549
Succeeded by
Semiz Ali Pasha
as Governor
Preceded by
Şemsi Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
28 April 1580 – 7 August 1580
Succeeded by
Koca Sinan Pasha

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