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The LXXX Army Corps (German language: LXXX. Armeekorps) was an army corps of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.

Operational history[]

The LXXX Army Corps was created on 27 May 1942 in the Poitiers sector in the west of occupied France. Its staff was formed from the Höheres Kommando z. b. V. XXXI and the corps was initially subordinate to the 1st Army under Army Group D.[1] The initial commander of the corps was Curt Gallenkamp, who had already led the Höheres Kommando since 1940.[2] Initially, the corps consisted of four infantry divisions (15th, 327th, 708th, 715th) and the 7th Panzer Division.[3]

From its headquarters in Poitiers, the LXXX Army Corps defended a coastal sector of the Bay of Biscay around La Rochelle. For example, the LXXX Army Corps commanded the 158th Infantry Division at Fontenay-le-Comte and the 708th Infantry Division at Royan on 24 April 1943.[4]

The corps remained on defensive duty in France until the Normandy landings of 6 June 1944. When the Allied forces invaded France, the LXXX Army Corps consisted of the 158th and 708th Infantry Divisions.[3] The headquarters of the two divisions were, just like on 24 April 1943, still at Fontenay-le-Comte and Royan, respectively.[5]

Gallenkamp was relieved of command on 7 August 1944. Franz Beyer assumed command of the corps on 10 August 1944.[2]

By 15 September 1944, the German forces in the west had been pushed back all the way to Germany. The LXXX Army Corps took a position north of the Moselle river, flanked by the I SS Panzer Corps to the north and the LXXXII Army Corps to the south.[6] This remained largely unchanged until mid December, as the Allied forces did not make significant progress in the Ardennes region between September and December 1944.[7] The LXXX Army Corps was transferred from the 1st Army, under which it had served since its inception in May 1942, to the 7th Army in October 1944.[1]

Starting on 16 December 1944, the German Ardennes Offensive began just north of the positions of the LXXX Army Corps. While the I SS Panzer Corps, LXXXV Army Corps, XLVII Panzer Corps, LXVI Army Corps and LVIII Panzer Corps all made significant territorial gains during the Battle of the Bulge, the LXXX Army Corps did not greatly shift its position, merely advancing from the Sauer to the Alzette. It stood opposite to the XII U.S. Corps.[8] Most of the German gains further northwest were undone by the Allied counterattack by 17 January 1945, and the situation in the sector of the LXXX Army Corps had been largely unchanged.[9]

In April 1945, as the German armed forces were disintegrating, the LXXX Army Corps was transferred a final time and became part of the 19th Army.[1]

Organizational structure[]

Organization chart of the 80th Wehrmacht Army Corps[1]
Year Date Corps Commander Subordinate Divisions[3][10][11] Army Army Commander Army Group Army Group Commander Operational area
1942 8 June Curt Gallenkamp 15th Infantry, 327th Infantry, 708th Infantry, 715th Infantry, 7th Panzer 1st Army Johannes Blaskowitz Army Group D Gerd von Rundstedt Poitiers, France
4 July 15th Infantry, 327th Infantry, 708th Infantry, 715th Infantry
5 August
2 September 15th Infantry, 327th Infantry, 708th Infantry, 715th Infantry, 7th Panzer
8 October
5 November 15th Infantry, 327th Infantry, 344th Infantry, 708th Infantry, 715th Infantry
1 December 15th Infantry, 344th Infantry, 708th Infantry, 715th Infantry
1943 1 January 15th Infantry, 708th Infantry
3 February 15th Infantry, 158th Infantry, 708th Infantry
4 March 158th Infantry, 708th Infantry
9 April
1 May
1 June
7 July
5 August
5 September
4 October
8 November
3 December
1944 1 January 158th Infantry, 273rd Infantry, 275th Infantry, 708th Infantry
12 February 158th Infantry, 273rd Infantry, 708th Infantry
11 March
8 April 158th Infantry, 708th Infantry
11 May Joachim Lemelsen Army Group G Johannes Blaskowitz
12 June Kurt von der Chevallerie
17 July
31 August Franz Beyer 1st SS, 12th SS, 17th SS, 26th SS, 27th SS, Panzer Lehr Army Group B Walter Model Loire / Champagne, France
16 September 48th Infantry, Panzer Lehr, 5th Parachute Otto von Knobelsdorff Army Group G Johannes Blaskowitz Metz, France
13 October 36th Infantry, 353rd Infantry 7th Army Erich Brandenberger Army Group B Walter Model Trier
5 November
26 November 212th Infantry, 353rd Infantry
31 December 212th Infantry, 276th Infantry
1945 19 February 212th Infantry, 560th Infantry
1 March Hans Felber
12 April 16th Infantry, 47th Infantry, 198th Infantry, 550th Infantry 19th Army Erich Brandenberger directly under OKW Wilhelm Keitel (OKW) Upper Rhine

Noteworthy individuals[]

  • Curt Gallenkamp, corps commander of LXXX Army Corps (27 March 1942 – 7 August 1944).[2]
  • Franz Beyer, corps commander of LXXX Army Corps (10 August 1944 – 8 May 1945).[2]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tessin, Georg (1977). "Generalkommando LXXX. Armeekorps (röm. 80. AK)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 71-130. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 6. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 52–55. ISBN 3764810971. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 MacLean, French L. (2014). Unknown Generals - German Corps Commanders In World War II. Pickle Partners Publishing. pp. 117–120. ISBN 9781782895220. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Tessin, Georg (1977). "1. Armee (AOK 1)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 1-5. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 2. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 1–4. ISBN 3764810971. 
  4. Boog, Horst et al. (2006). The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5. Germany and the Second World War. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 482. ISBN 0198228899. 
  5. Boog, Horst et al. (2006). The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5. Germany and the Second World War. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 501. ISBN 0198228899. 
  6. Boog, Horst et al. (2006). The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5. Germany and the Second World War. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 630. ISBN 0198228899. 
  7. Boog, Horst et al. (2006). The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5. Germany and the Second World War. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 667. ISBN 0198228899. 
  8. Boog, Horst et al. (2006). The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5. Germany and the Second World War. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 685. ISBN 0198228899. 
  9. Boog, Horst et al. (2006). The Strategic Air War in Europe and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5. Germany and the Second World War. 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 686. ISBN 0198228899. 
  10. Tessin, Georg (1977). "7. Armee (AOK 7)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 6-14. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 3. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 49–53. ISBN 3764810971. 
  11. Tessin, Georg (1977). "19. Armee (AOK 19)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 15-30. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 4. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 111–113. ISBN 3764810971. 

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