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The LXXXVII Army Corps (German language: LXXXVII. Armeekorps) was an army corps of the German Wehrmacht during World War II. It was formed in 1942 and existed until March 1944. Between March 1944 and August 1944, the successive formation was known as Army Detachment von Zangen (German: Armeeabteilung von Zangen), and then, between August 1944 and the end of the war, as Army Group Liguria (German: Armeegruppe Ligurien).

History

LXXXVII Army Corps, November 1942 – March 1944

The LXXXVII Army Corps was formed on 5 November 1942 from General Command G (German: Generalkommando G), also known as General Command North Brittany (German: Generalkommando Nord-Bretagne).[1] The initial commander of the LXXXVII Army Corps was Erich Marcks.[2]

Marcks was replaced as corps commander by Gustav-Adolf von Zangen on 1 August 1943.[2]

Army Detachment von Zangen, March 1944 – August 1944

In March 1944, the LXXXVII Army Corps became Armeeabteilung von Zangen,[1] a field army level formation named after corps commander Gustav-Adolf von Zangen.[2]

In August 1944, the army detachment was then formed to become Armeegruppe Ligurien.[1]

Structure

Organizational structure of the LXXXVII (87th) Army Corps[1]
Name Year Date Subordinate units[3][4][5] Army Army Group Operational area
LXXXVII Army Corps 1942 1 December 343rd Infantry, 346th Infantry 7th Army Army Group D Brittany
1943 1 January
3 February
4 March
9 April
1 May
1 June
7 July
August None None Oberbefehlshaber Süd Liguria
September Army Group B
October
November
3 December 334rd Infantry, 356th Infantry 14th Army Army Group C
1944 January Unknown
February
Armeeabteilung von Zangen 15 April OZAK: 278th Infantry

LXXV: 162nd Infantry, 356th Infantry, Fortress Brigade Almers

Reserves: 188th Infantry

itself
17 May OZAK: 278th Infantry

LXXV: 162nd Infantry, 356th Infantry, Fortress Brigade 135

188th Infantry

17 June LXXV: 16th SS, 42nd Infantry, Fortress Brigade 135
11 July LXXV: 16th SS, 42nd Infantry, Fortress Brigade 135

Reserves: 34th Infantry

Noteworthy individuals

  • Erich Marcks, corps commander of the LXXXVII Army Corps (12 November 1942 – 1 August 1943).[2]
  • Gustav-Adolf von Zangen, corps commander of the LXXXVII Army Corps and Armeeabteilung von Zangen (1 August 1943 – August 1944).[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tessin, Georg (1977). "Generalkommando LXXXVII. Ameekorps (röm. 87. AK)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 71-130. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 6. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 92. ISBN 3764810971. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 MacLean, French L. (2014). Unknown Generals - German Corps Commanders In World War II. Pickle Partners Publishing. pp. 119–120. ISBN 9781782895220. 
  3. Tessin, Georg (1977). "7. Armee (AOK 7)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 6-14. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 3. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 49–53. ISBN 3764810971. 
  4. Tessin, Georg (1977). "14. Armee (AOK 14)" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte 6-14. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 3. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 289–290. ISBN 3764810971. 
  5. Tessin, Georg (1977). "Armeeabteilung von Zangen" (in German). Die Landstreitkräfte: Namensverbände. Luftstreitkräfte (Fliegende Verbände). Flakeinsatz im Reich 1943-1945. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 14. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag. pp. 264. ISBN 3764810971. 

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