Military Wiki
Role Air ambulance
National origin Poland
Manufacturer LWS
First flight Autumn 1937
Introduction May 19, 1938
Status Prototype
Primary user Poland
Produced 1937
Number built 1

The LWS-2 was the Polish air ambulance aircraft prototype, designed in the late-1930s in the LWS factory (Lublin Aircraft Factory).

Design and development

The LWS-2 was designed as a light ambulance aircraft, for a requirement of the Polish Air Force and the Polish Red Cross (PCK), which was operating military ambulances. A preliminary design was made in 1936 by Zbysław Ciołkosz, the main designer of the LWS factory, a detailed design - by Jerzy Teisseyre. It was influenced by RWD-9 and RWD-13 planes of the RWD team, especially their wing construction with rich wing mechanization, that gave it STOL capabilities. The prototype was built using PCK funds. Aircraft was registered SP-ATP and flown in autumn of 1937.

The Polish Red Cross ordered six aircraft, but the LWS factory was busy at that time with military production (RWD-14 Czapla and LWS-3 Mewa), and they were not built by the outbreak of World War II. LWS's next design, the LWS-3 Mewa close reconnaissance plane, utilized many features of the LWS-2, and was generally similar.


Mixed construction (steel and wood) braced high-wing monoplane, conventional in layout. Fuselage of a steel frame, canvas covered (engine part with duralumin). Two-spar straight wings of wooden construction, with slats, flaps and flaperons, covered with canvas and plywood (in front), rectangular with rounded tips and narrowing near the fuselage. The wings were supported with V-struts and were folding rearwards. Cantilever empennage, covered with plywood (stabilizers) and canvas (rudder and elevators). Conventional fixed landing gear, with a rear skid. Capacity of four in a closed cockpit: a pilot in front, a doctor behind him, and two lying on stretchers at the back. It had a 9-cylinder air-cooled Avia-built Wright Whirlwind J-5 radial engine delivering 220 hp (164 kW) nominal power and 240 hp (179 kW) take-off power. Two-blade metal propeller Ratier, of variable pitch. A 130 liter fuel tank behind the engine. Cruise fuel consumption 48 l/h.

Operational history

On May 19, 1938 the prototype was given to the Air Force. Between July 1 and July 4, 1938, the LWS-2 prototype took part in an International Ambulance Aircraft Contest in Esch in Luxembourg, and won first place and a cup for the best accommodation in a cab for the injured.

The prototype was later used by the Polish Red Cross. Its fate during the World War II is not clear, as the damaged plane was captured by the Germans on airfield at Krosno.


  • Polish Red Cross operated one prototype, ordered 6 aircraft, none delivered.

Specifications (LWS-2)

Data from Glass, A. (1977)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, pilot and doctor
  • Capacity: two injured
  • Length: 9.05 m (29 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.00 m (42 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 2.84 m (9 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 22.0 m² (237 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,185 kg (2,612 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,680 kg (3,740 lb)
  • Useful load: 495 kg ()
  • Powerplant: 1 × Avia Wright Whirlwind J-5 9-cylinder radial engine, 240 hp (180 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 206 km/h (128 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 185 km/h
  • Stall speed: <75 km/h ()
  • Range: 500 km (312 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,120 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 228 m/min (3.8 m/s) (747 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 76 kg/m² (16 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 0.11 kW/kg (0.06 hp/lb)

See also


  • Andrzej Glass: "Polskie konstrukcje lotnicze 1893-1939" (Polish aviation constructions 1893-1939), WKiŁ, Warsaw 1977, p. 169-170 (Polish)

External links

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