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LVG B.I
Role Two-seat reconnaissance biplane
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft
Primary user Luftstreitkräfte

The LVG B.I was a 1910s German two-seat reconnaissance biplane designed by Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft for the Luftstreitkräfte.

Development

LVG had been involved in the operation of dirigibles before it started design, in 1912, of the company's first original design, the B.I. The B.I was an unequal-span two-seat biplane with a fixed tailskid landing gear. It was powered by a nose-mounted 80 kW (100 hp) Mercedes D.I engine. After entering service an improved variant, the B.II was developed with a cut-out in the upper wing to improve visibility for the pilot in the rear cockpit to help spot ground infantry and fitted with a 90 kW (120 hp) Mercedes D.II engine. The B.II entered service in 1915 and although mainly used as a trainer it was also used for unarmed reconnaissance and scouting duties. A further variant was the B.III which had structural strengthening to allow it to be used as a trainer.

Variants

  • B.I - Production variant powered by a 80 kW (100 hp) Mercedes D.I engine.
  • B.II - Improved variant powered by a 90 kW (120 hp) Mercedes D.II engine.
  • B.III - Training variant with strengthened structures.

Operators

 Bulgaria
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
 German Empire
 Turkey

Specifications (B.I)

Data from [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Length: 8.30 m (27 ft 2¾ in)
  • Wingspan: 12.12 m (39 ft 9¼ in)
  • Height: 2.95 m (9 ft 8¼ in)
  • Wing area: 35.40 m2 (381.05 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 726 kg (1,600 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,075 kg (2,370 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.I inline piston engine, 75 kW (100 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 105 km/h (65 mph)
  • Endurance: 4 hours  0 min

See also

References

Notes
  1. Orbis 1985, page 2277
Bibliography
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 


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