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A LARC-V vehicle.

A LARC of the U.S. Navy Beach Master Unit 2 at Fort Story, Virginia

LARC V vehicle in use for tourist trips on Iceland - Jokulsarlon icelake

LARC-V (Iceland - Jokulsarlon 2)

LARC-V (Iceland - Jokulsarlon 3)

LARC-V converted for harbour tours in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

LARC-V (Lighter, Amphibious Resupply, Cargo, 5 ton), is an aluminium-hulled amphibious cargo vehicle capable of transporting 5 tons. It was developed in the United States during the 1950s, and is used in a variety of auxiliary roles to this day.

In addition to the United States, Larc-Vs have been used by military forces in Australia, Argentina, Portugal, The Philippines and Iceland. Approximately 968 were made. About 500 were destroyed, most by scuttling during the American withdrawal from South Vietnam. About 200 have been retained in US military service, Roughly 100 are privately owned and mostly used for tourism operators including a number of LARC vehicles is in use on Iceland for tourist trips on the Jökulsárlón ice lake and four LARC-V's used in Halifax, Nova Scotia for city and harbour tours.[1]

Operational history

LARC-Vs were used extensively by the US Army and Navy for beach supply during the Vietnam War. They supported the 101st Airborne Division in 1967 and later the 1st Cavalry Division in 1968.[2]

LARC-Vs were used by the Argentine Marines during the 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands.

In January 2011 during the 2010–2011 Queensland floods in Australia, Royal Australian Air Force C-17 aircraft were reported to carry two LARC-V vehicles for use in Operation Flood Assist. The vehicles were deployed from Townsville to RAAF Base Amberley.

U.S. Navy service life extension program

The United States Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) has directed the Sealift Support Program Office (SSPO) to supervise a Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) on the LARC V's used by the Navy. This SLEP involved changing from a mechanical to a hydraulic transmission, updating the electrical system, and improving other on-board systems. These reworked LARCs began delivery in June 2006 for use by U.S. Navy Beach Master Units, Underwater Construction Teams and the Maritime Prepositioned Force ships. A total of 42 LARCs are currently funded to transition through the SLEP process.

Towing capacity on land was improved to approximately 29,000 lb and bollard pull in water was doubled to 7600 lb. The vehicle operates in all-wheel drive while in land or tow modes. The craft is powered by a 375 horsepower John Deere turbo-charged diesel engine that is Tier 2 certified. Engine speed is constant with a hydraulic transmission modifying speed.

Design and manufacture of the SLEP LARC-V's was carried out by Power Dynamics, LLC of Stennis Space Center, Mississippi.

Operators

Argentine Marine's LARC-V on Puerto Belgrano Navy Base.

 Argentina
 Australia
 Iceland
  • Jökulsárlón ehf
 Philippines
 Portugal
United States

US and Australian LARC in an amphibious dock.

Specifications

  • Land speed: 30 mph
  • Water speed: 7.5 knots
  • Capacity: 3 crew + 20 passengers (up to 10,000 lbs.)
  • Maximum gradient: 60%
  • Fuel capacity: 144 gallons diesel total (2 tanks)
  • Unloaded land range: 280 to 335 miles
  • Unloaded sea range: 110 miles

In popular culture

  • Several LARC-V vehicles with Soviet markings appeared in the 2001 movie Lara Croft: Tomb Raider
  • The LARC-V was featured in Modern Marvels on the History channel

References

See also

External links

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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