Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery located in Arlington County, Virginia near The Pentagon and directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial. The cemetery has graves for thousands of casualties and deceased veterans of the nation's conflicts, beginning with the American Civil War but includes reinterred dead from earlier wars as well. It was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, which had been the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee (a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington).
The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.
|Image||Name||Service||Rank||Death date||Burial location||Comments|
|William E. Barber||Marine Corps||Captain||Risked his life as a commanding officer in action against enemy aggressor forces|
|Lloyd L. Burke||Army||First Lieutenant||Risked his life to attack the enemy in order to rescue his company who had been pinned down|
|Cornelius H. Charlton†||Army||Sergeant||Killed due to multiple wounds sustained after several attacks against the enemy|
|Francis C. Hammond†||Navy||Hospitalman||Medical corpsman; sacrificed his life treating and directing wounded Marines until struck by a round of enemy mortar fire.|
|Raymond Harvey||Army||Captain||Severely wounded after attacking the enemy multiple times and inflicting multiple enemy casualties|
|James E. Johnson†||Marine Corps||Sergeant||Although seriously wounded, was last seen fighting the enemy hand to hand|
|John K. Koelsch†||Navy||Lieutenant, Junior Grade||Died as a POW after rescuing several crewman from a downed helicopter and evading the enemy for nine days.|
|George D. Libby†||Army||Sergeant||Sacrificed his life to shield the driver of a rescue vehicle from enemy rounds|
|Frederick W. Mausert, III†||Marine Corps||Sergeant||Although severely wounded singlehandedly defeated an enemy gun emlacement and drew enemy fire away from his men.|
|Walter C. Monegan, Jr.†||Marine Corps||Private First Class||Killed while repeatedly attacking the enemy at night|
|Reginald R. Myers||Marine Corps||Major||Although losing 170 of his men during 14 hours of combat in subzero temperatures, continued to reorganize his unit and spearhead the attack which resulted in 600 enemy killed and 500 wounded|
|John U. D. Page†||Army||Lieutenant Colonel||Repeatedly attacked the enemy and defended his convoy until killed|
|Donn F. Porter†||Army||Sergeant||Killed after fighting back a superior enemy force|
|Robert D. Reem†||Marine Corps||Second Lieutenant||Killed after he covered a grenade with his body|
|Carl L. Sitter||Marine Corps||Captain||Although painfully wounded he refused to be evacuated and continued to fight until defense of the area was assured|
|Sherrod E. Skinner, Jr.†||Marine Corps||Second Lieutenant||In addition to fighting off an enemy force for three hours he sacrificed his life by smothering a grenade with his body|
|Miguel Vera†||Army||Private||Selflessly chose to remain in position during an enemy attack and cover friendly troops' withdrawal from part of "Old Baldy" hill.|
|William G. Windrich†||Marine Corps||Staff sergeant||Sacrificed his life to direct his men and rescue several wounded Marines from a hillside|
- "A Brief History—The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. http://www.defenselink.mil/faq/pis/med_of_honor.html. Retrieved December 27, 2010.