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Kitsuju Ayabe
Japanese General Ayabe Kijutsu
Native name 綾部 橘樹
Born (1894-04-18)April 18, 1894
Died February 14, 1980(1980-02-14) (aged 85)
Place of birth Ōita Prefecture, Japan
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1917-1945
Rank Lieutenant General
Battles/wars Second Sino-Japanese War, Pacific War

Kitsuju Ayabe (綾部 橘樹 Ayabe Kitsuju?, 18 April 1894 – 14 February 1980) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

Biography

Early career

Ayabe graduated from the 27th class of the Army Cavalry School in October 1917.[1] On receiving his commission as Second lieutenant, he was posted to the 12th Cavalry Regiment. He served in the Siberian Intervention from August 1918 to July 1919. Ayabe then attended the Army War College (Japan) in 1924, and was promoted to captain after graduation. He served in a number of staff positions, and was sent to Poland and the Soviet Union from August 1928-November 1930 as a military attaché. After his return to Japan, he was promoted to major, and in 1934 to lieutenant colonel.[2]

Wartime career

From 1935-1937, Ayabe served as Chief of the Maneuvers Section of the Kwantung Army, and from 1937–1939, as Chief of 1st Section (Organization & Mobilization) in the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, still based in Manchukuo at the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

From 1939-1940, Ayabe was commander of the 25th Cavalry Regiment, based in China, and was subsequently promoted to the position of Deputy Chief of Staff of the IJA 3rd Army (Manchuria) in 1940. From 1940-1941, he was sent on a military liaison mission to Berlin and Rome to coordinate efforts between Japan and the other Axis members of the Tripartite Alliance.

Subsequently, from July 1941 – 1942, Ayabe was deputy Chief of Staff of the Kwantung Army, Manchuria, and became Chief of Staff of the Japanese First Area Army (Manchuria) from July 1942.

After his promotion to lieutenant general in October 1943, Ayabe was reassigned to the Southern Expeditionary Army Group as Deputy Chief of Staff and was based in Singapore. The Southern Army became the Japanese Seventh Area Army in 1944, and Ayabe was appointed as Chief of Staff. However, he was badly injured in an airplane crash in February 1944, and was assigned to staff duty in Tokyo through the remainder of the war.[3]

Ayabe retired from active military service with the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Army at the end of World War II. From 1955-1970, he worked as an advisor for Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

References

Books

  • Hayashi, Saburo (1959). Kogun: The Japanese Army in the Pacific War. ASIN: B000ID3YRK: The Marine Corps Association. 

Notes

  1. List of graduates of the Japanese Imperial Military Academies[circular reference]
  2. Ammenthorp, The Generas of World War II
  3. Budge, Pacific War Online Encyclopedia

External links

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