|Kiryat HaYovel supermarket bombing|
|Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign|
|Location||Shufersal supermarket at the Kiryat HaYovel neighbourhood in Jerusalem Israel|
|Date||March 29, 2002|
|Deaths||2 Israeli civilians (+ 1 bomber)|
|Perpetrators||One 16-year-old Palestinian female suicide bomber (Ayat al-Akhras). Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.|
The Kiryat HaYovel supermarket bombing was a suicide bombing which occurred on March 29, 2002, in which Ayat al-Akhras, a 16-year-old Palestinian female suicide bomber, blew herself up at the entrance of the main supermarket in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Kiryat HaYovel, killing three people and injuring 28. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
On 29 March 2002, during the afternoon, a Palestinian 16-year-old female suicide bomber approached the Kiryat Yovel supermarket in Jerusalem. The supermarket at the time was full of customers shopping for the weekend.
Haim Smadar, the 55-year-old security guard who guarded the entrance to the supermarket and spoke Arabic, became suspicious after two Arabic women who usually sold vegetables outside the shop entrance had been warned by Akhras to leave. Akhras detonated the explosives at the entrance to the store while struggling with Smadar, killing him and Rachel Levy, a 17 year-old Israeli girl. In addition, about 30 people were injured in the attack. Smadar managed to forcefully keep her away from the crowd, thus preventing a larger loss of life had the attack taken place inside the store.
After the attack, it was discovered that the suicide bomber was also carrying an unexploded mortar bomb.
When news of the bombing reached Dheisheh, some of the residents celebrated, handing out candies and firing guns in the air.
- Haim Smadar, 55, of Jerusalem – Smadar was originally born in Tunis. He immigrated to Israel as a child. Smadar worked as a guard at a school for autistic children. He took the temporary security job at the Kiryat HaYovel Shufersal supermarket to make extra money for the upcoming Passover holiday while school was closed.
- Rachel Levy, 17, of Jerusalem – Levy grew up in the United States from the age of six months until the age of nine. Levy majored in photography at the "Ziv" high school in the Beit HaKerem neighborhood in southwest Jerusalem.
Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack and identified the suicide bomber as 18-year-old Ayat al-Akhras from the Deheishe Refugee Camp near Bethlehem. al-Akhras was the third female suicide bomber of the Al-Aqsa Intifada. Akhras' father worked for an Israeli construction firm. The family lived in a three-story home he built. Akhras, a straight-A student, was engaged to be married in July 2002. She joined the Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and was trained for several weeks before being sent to the Kiryat HaYovel supermarket in southwestern Jerusalem. Before the attack, Akhras made a video criticizing the Muslim world. She said: "I say to the Arab leaders, stop sleeping. Stop failing to fulfill your duty. Shame on the Arab armies who are sitting and watching the girls of Palestine fight while they are asleep."
- USA – US president Bush condemned the attack, stating: "When an 18-year-old Palestinian girl is induced to blow herself up, and in the process kills a 17-year-old Israeli girl, the future itself is dying, the future of the Palestinian people and the future of the Israeli people." He also called on Yasser Arafat to convey a clear message to terrorists that blowing themselves up did not help the cause of the Palestinians.
After the bombing, Ayat became an icon in Bethlehem and was hailed as a martyr and role model at Al Quds University.
In 2007 HBO released the documentary film "To Die in Jerusalem" which focuses on the stories of Akhras and 17 year-old Rachel Levy, who was killed in the attack. The film documents the efforts of Rachel's mother Avigail Levy to meet with Um Samir al-Akhras, mother of al-Akhras.
"Prima di Lasciarsi" (Before We Say Goodbye) by Gabriella Ambrosio is the novel based on this supermarket bombing. The story begins at seven o'clock in the morning on the day of the attack and ends with the explosion. Despite the very short time span – seven hours – seen from the points of view of the different characters, the book tries to portray the complex reality between Israel and Palestine.The book was published in Italy in 2004 by Nutrimenti and was awarded at the Festival du Premier Romance in Chambéry, France. In 2008 the book's publication in both in Arabic and Hebrew was sponsored by Amnesty International and employed by Israeli colleges and human rights organizations working in Israel and the Palestinian Territories as an educational tool. It has then been published in the UK, Australia, and in New Zealand by Walker Books, in France as "Deuze Heures Avant"(Gallimard),in Germany as "Der Himmel uber Jerusalem" (Fischer Verlag) as well as in Spain (Noguer), Turkey (Remzi Kitabevi), Greece (Psichogios), Korea (JoongAng) and China (Jieli publishing house). It is actually studied in universities in UK and Canada as an example of human rights literature.
- "Israel Under Attack-Jerusalem-Kiryat Yovel". Israeli Prime Minister's Office. 29 March 2002. http://www.pmo.gov.il/PMOEng/Communication/IsraelUnderAttack/Jerusalem-Kiryat+Yovel/Jerusalem-Kiryat+Yovel.htm. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
- "Archives: Jerusalem Post". http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/jpost/doc/319360920.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=&author=&pub=&edition=&startpage=&desc=. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "ynet שני הרוגים ו-27 פצועים בפיגוע בקריית יובל - חדשות". ynet. http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/1,7340,L-1798891,00.html. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "18-year-old bride-to-be kills two in suicide attack". http://news.scotsman.com/world/18yearold-bridetobe-kills-two-in.2314330.jp. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Haim Smadar
- Rachel Levy
- Mideast Turmoil: Terrorism; Suicide bomber, 18, kills 2 Israelis and herself, New York Times
- ABC News. "Bush Chastises Israelis, Palestinians". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=80033&page=1. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Rebecca Leung (May 28, 2003). "The Bomber Next Door". 60 Minutes. CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/05/23/60II/main555401.shtml. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- "BBC News - UK - Diplomat censured over bomb poem". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk/1937696.stm. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Anton La Guardia, Diplomatic Editor (18 April 2002). "Protest at envoy's martyr poem". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/saudiarabia/1391329/Protest-at-envoys-martyr-poem.html. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Michael Medved (April 15, 2002). "Blurring distinctions between murderers and their victims". WorldNetDaily. Joseph Farah. http://www.wnd.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=27233. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
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