|Kidnapping and murder of Nissim Toledano|
|Part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict|
|Date||13 December 1992|
|Kidnapping and murder|
|Deaths||1 Israeli soldier (Nissim Toledano)|
The Kidnapping and murder of Nissim Toledano began on 13 December 1992, when a squad of Hamas kidnapped Israeli border policeman Senior Sergeant Nissim Toledano in Lod. Although the terrorists demanded the release of Hamas leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin for Toledano, Toledano was murdered by his captors.
In 1987, during the First Intifada, Hamas carried out its first attack against Israel in which two Israeli soldiers were kidnapped and killed. The Israel Defense Forces immediately arrested the founder of Hamas Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, and sentenced him to life in prison for masterminding terrorist attacks. Hamas then began planning a kidnapping of an Israeli soldier in order to seek the release of Yasin in a swap.
Kidnapping and murder
At about 4:30 am, 13 December 1992, a squad of Hamas terrorists kidnapped 29-year-old Israeli border policeman Senior Sergeant Nissim Toledano in Lod, as he walked from his home to attend his administrative job.
During the same day Hamas demanded that Sheikh Ahmed Yassin be released the same day until 9:00 pm in exchange for Toledano. Toledano's captors threatened to kill Toledano unless Yasin would be freed. Israel refused to negotiate until it received evidence that Toledano was alive and well.
Two days later, on 15 December 1992, Toledano's body was discovered near the communal Israeli settlement in the West Bank Kfar Adumim. Toledano's body was found bound and stabbed. Pathological findings indicated that Toledano was murdered two-to-six hours after the ultimatum expired. In addition, the findings indicated that the strangulation and stab wounds were not carried out at the site at which Toledano's body was discovered.
A few months after the event, Israel caught Toledano's kidnappers and killers. They were tried, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
In addition, Israel arrested during a huge manhunt operation in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank about 1,200 Palestinian fundamentalists (mostly Hamas and Islamic Jihad members, including 22 members of the Izz al-Din al Qassam Brigades). In order to deepen the damage to Hamas' infrastructure and to its members, Israel decided, in an unprecedented step, to expel 415 Hamas members to Lebanon for a period of two years.
On 17 December 1992, Israel expelled 415 leading figures of Hamas and Islamic Jihad to Marj al-Zohour in southern Lebanon, beyond the Israeli Security Zone. Among the more prominent deportees were Mahmoud al-Zahar, Abd al-Aziz Rantisi, Ismail Haniyeh, Said Siam Izz El-Deen Sheikh Khalil, Abbedallah Qawasameh, Aziz Duwaik, and Nayef Rajoub.
The planned deportation gained wide media coverage, which led the Lebanese authorities to prepare in advance for the event. They prevented the deportees from entering the country, thereby forcing the deportees to stay in a desolate buffer strip between the nearest Lebanese and Israeli army checkpoints. The deportees set up a tent camp from which they received wide international media attention and coverage.
In February 1993, Israel shortened the deportees' period of expulsion to one year only. Most of the deportees returned to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip after the period of expulsion ended.
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- ".". Boston Herald. 14 December 1992. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/bostonherald/access/68814830.html?dids=68814830:68814830&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT.
- "Arab Militants Kidnap Israeli, Demand Swap". Los Angeles Times. 14 December 1992. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/61827717.html?dids=61827717:61827717&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT.
- "Kidnapped Israeli Slain". The Telegraph-Herald. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=9UFFAAAAIBAJ&sjid=oLsMAAAAIBAJ&pg=4481,3373610. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Islamic Terror Abductions in the Middle East – Shaul Shay. http://books.google.com/books?id=7fTNKlAerZMC&pg=PA31&lpg=PA31.
- ".". The News. 19 December 1992. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=P2IzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Do4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=6418,1517101. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Clyde Haberman (19 December 1992). "400 Arabs Ousted by Israel Are Mired in Frozen Limbo". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/12/19/world/400-arabs-ousted-by-israel-are-mired-in-frozen-limbo.html.
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