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A parked, Soviet-era museum piece that was once capable of delivering KhAB-250s

The KhAB-250 is the provisional naming of an aerial bomb developed by the Soviet Air Force to deliver the chemical weapon sarin.[1]

The KhAB-250 operational weight has been reported as 333 lb (151 kg)[2] and 514 lb (233 kg).[1] 24 could be carried by the Tupolev Tu-22.[2]

The bomb uses a burst charge to detonate on impact with the ground. It contains a payload of 108 lb (49 kg) of sarin.[1]

The KhAB-250 was displayed at Shikani Test and Proving Grounds in 1986 as a component of the then-current Soviet chemical arsenal. Contemporary analysts noted that it appeared relatively unsophisticated compared to Soviet conventional munitions of the same time frame.[1]

The bomb was removed from service as a result of the Chemical Weapons Convention in the early 1990s.

See also[]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Jones, David R, ed. The Military Encyclopedia of Russia and Eurasia, Vol. 8. Gulf Breeze, FL: Academic International Press. pp. 181–182. ISBN 0-87569-198-6. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Sergey Burdin (17 November 2005). Tupolev TU-22. Pen and Sword. pp. 92–. ISBN 978-1-84415-241-4. 

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