Military Wiki
Karl Böttcher
Born (1889-10-25)October 25, 1889
Died 21 October 1973(1973-10-21) (aged 83)
Place of birth Thorn
Place of death Bad Wimpfen
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1909 - 1945
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 21. Panzer-Division
345. Infanterie-Division
326. Infanterie-Division
347. Infanterie-Division

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Karl Böttcher (25 October 1889 – 21 October 1973) was a German general who commanded several divisions during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.


Böttcher served in the Deutsches Afrikakorps under Erwin Rommel. Rommel innovated by creating an independent command for his artillery, allowing them to be used in a concentrated manner. He placed Böttcher in command. As such it became a very effective means for adding punch to the Afrika Korps' attack. Later with the death of von Bismark, Böttcher was made commander of the 21st Panzer Division. Karl Böttcher was captured by the Western Allies in 1945 and was held until 1947.

Böttcher and Rommel confer at Böttcher's promotion.

Awards and decorations


  1. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 117.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Gustav-Georg Knabe
Commander of 21st Panzer Division
1 December 1941 – 11 February 1942
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Georg von Bismarck

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