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Kalev-class submarine
Kalev lembit1.jpg
Kalev and Lembit
Class overview
Builders: Vickers Armstrong
Operators:  Estonian Navy
 Soviet Navy
In commission: 1936 - 1979
Completed: 2
Lost: 1
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Tonnage: 570 (in its current condition)
Displacement: 665 tons surfaced
853 tons submerged
Length: 59.5 m
Beam: 7.5 m
Draught: 3.6 m
Speed: surface - 13.5 knots
submerged - 8.5 knots
Complement: 4 officers + 28 men
Armament: 4 × bow torpedo tubes
(8 21" torpedoes)
1 × 40 mm AA gun "Bofors"
1 × .303 (7.7mm) AA gun "Lewis"
20 mines
Notes: Ships in class include: EML Kalev, EML Lembit

The Kalev Class consisted of two mine laying submarines built for the Estonian Navy.

Development history

The newly independent Republic of Estonia followed the Finnish naval armament program and the common top secret defense cooperation in acquiring submarines. Unlike the German designed Finnish subs, Estonia opted for British built submarines. Both boats of the class Kalev and the Lembit were built by Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness, in the United Kingdom.[1]

Service history

The two subs were ordered in 1936 and delivered in 1939. After the Soviet annexation of Estonia in 1940 the Estonian Navy was integrated into the Soviet Baltic Fleet. The Kalev class submarines were commissioned into the Soviet Navy on September 18, 1940. Kalev was sunk outside Hanko, Finland in 1941, but Lembit continued a successful campaign against Swedish iron ore transports to Germany. Lembit was decommissioned in 1979. She is now preserved as a museum ship at the Estonian Maritime Museum Lennusadam (Seaplane harbour/Hydroplane port), Tallinn.

As a museum exhibit

Main article: EML Lembit.

See also


External links

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