Military Wiki
KS-1 Komet/AS-1 'Kennel'
Type Anti-ship missile
Service history
In service 1955–1961
Production history
Manufacturer MKB Raduga
Weight 3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
Length 8.29 m (27 ft 2 in)
Diameter 1.20 m (3 ft 11 in)

Warhead 600 kg (1300 lb) High Explosive

Engine RD-500K turbojet
Wingspan 4.77 m (15 ft 7 in)
90 km (56 miles)
Speed Mach 0.9
initial - inertial, terminal - active radar homing
Tupolev Tu-16 'Badger'

The Raduga KS-1 Komet (Russian: КС-1 "Комета", NATO reporting name: Kennel), also referred to as AS-1 and KS-1 (крылатый снаряд - winged missile) was a short range air-to-surface missile (primarily used for anti-shipping missions) developed by the Soviet Union, and carried only on the Tupolev Tu-4K 'Bull' and, more notably, on the Tupolev Tu-16 'Badger'.[Clarification needed]

Development was begun in 1947 along with a related ground-launched missile, the SSC-2B "Samlet" (S-2 Sopka), both missiles using aerodynamics derived from the MiG-15 'Fagot' fighter aircraft, and developed under the anti-ship missile codename "Komet".

The KS-1 was designed for use against surface ships. It resembled a scaled-down MiG-15 with the cockpit and undercarriage deleted. Its main fuselage was cigar-shaped with swept wings and an aircraft type tail. It was propelled by a RD-500K turbojet engine, reverse-engineered from the Rolls-Royce Derwent engine. Guidance was provided by an inertial navigation system (INS) in the midcourse phase, and by a semi-active radar in the terminal phase which directed the missile to its target. A 600 kg high explosive (HE) armour-piercing warhead was carried.

The AS-1 is believed to have entered service in 1955, initially being deployed on the Tupolev Tu-4 'Bull' and later on the Tu-16KS 'Badger-B' strategic bomber, on two under-wing pylons. The missile was also exported to Egypt and Indonesia.

Land-based launcher of S-2 Sopka variant

Sources indicate that most of the AS-1 "Kennel" missiles were replaced by the AS-5 'Kelt' (KSR-2/Kh-11), which was first deployed in 1966. The last KS-1s were removed from service in 1969.[1]


 Soviet Union
 North Korea


  1. Gordon, Yefim & Rigman, Vladimir (2004), Tupolev Tu-16 Badger: Versatile Soviet Long-Range Bomber, Midland Publishing, England, ISBN 1-85780-177-6


  • Gordon, Yefim (2004). Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).