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Kâzım Özalp
Kâzım Özalp
Nickname Kâzım Köprülü
Born December 1880 (1880-12)
Died June 6, 1968 (1968-06-07) (aged 87)
Place of birth Köprülü (Veles), Ottoman Empire
Place of death Ankara, Turkey
Buried at Ankara Şehitliği
Transferred to State Cemetery
Allegiance
  •  Ottoman Empire
  •  Turkey
Years of service
  • Ottoman: December 6, 1902–1920
  • Turkey: 1920 – July 6, 1927
Rank Orgeneral
Commands held Van Gendarmerie Regiment, Van Mobile Gendarmerie Division, 36th Division, 37th Caucasian Division, VI Corps (deputy), 60th Division, 61st Division, XIV Corps (deputy), Kocaeli Area Command, III Corps, Minister of National Defense
Battles/wars
Other work
  • Member of the GNAT (Balıkesir)
  • Speakers of the GNAT
  • Member of the GNAT (Van)

Kâzım Fikri Özalp (1880, Köprülü, today Veles, Ottoman Empire – June 6, 1968, Ankara, Turkey) was a Turkish military officer and politician, who was one of the leading figures in the Turkish War of Independence.

Biography

Born in Köprülü (now Veles, Republic of Macedonia), Ottoman Empire into an Albanian family, he graduated from the Ottoman military school in 1902 and completed the College of War in 1905.[1] Kâzım Özalp was involved to 31 March Incident in 1909. He was a military commander during the Balkan wars. In 1917, he was promoted to the rank of the colonel. He was one of the military commanders who organized resistance groups against the occupation of Izmir. During the Turkish War of Independence, he fought at several fronts. In 1921, Kâzım Özalp was promoted to the rank General for his success at the Battle of Sakarya. Already a member of the first term of the parliament of the newly established Republic as Deputy of Balıkesir Province, he served as the Minister of Defense in several cabinets from 1921 to 1925, and later from 1935 to 1939. He was elected Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly from 1924 to 1935. In 1950, he was elected to the parliament as Deputy of Van Province.[2] He retired from active politics in 1954. He was rumored to have been a Bektashi possibly because of his opposition to the decision to close Bektashi centers(Khanqah).[2]

Kâzım Özalp wrote his memoirs in his book Milli Mücadele (Turkish War of Independence). He died on June 6, 1968 in Ankara. His remains were transferred to the Turkish State Cemetery.

See also

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Refet Bele
Minister of National Defence of Turkey
Jan 10, 1922 – Nov 21, 1924
Succeeded by
Ali Fethi Okyar
Preceded by
Ali Fethi Okyar
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
Nov 26, 1924 – Mar 1, 1935
Succeeded by
Mustafa Abdulhalik Renda
Preceded by
Zekai Apaydın
Minister of National Defence of Turkey
Mar 1, 1935 – Jan 18, 1939
Succeeded by
Ahmet Naci Tınaz

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