|Friedrich Julius Wilhelm Graf von Bose|
|Born||12 September 1809|
|Died||22 July 1894(aged 84)|
|Place of birth||Sangerhausen|
|Place of death||Hasserode|
|Years of service||1826-?|
|Rank||General of the Infantry|
|Unit||20th Infantry Division|
|Commands held||XI Corps|
Pour le Mérite|
Order of the Black Eagle
Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Class
Friedrich Julius Wilhelm Graf von Bose (12 September 1809 – 22 July 1894) was a Prussian general who commanded the Prussian XI Corps during the Franco-Prussian War.
In 1821 Bose was a page boy at the court of Weimar. Bose entered the Prussian 26th Infantry Regiment in 1826. He became an officer in 1829. From 1832 to 1835 he studied at the Prussian Military Academy, which was a prerequisite to joining the General Staff. Bose served as an adjutant in various positions from 1835 to 1852. In 1853 he became a major on the General Staff. In 1858 Bose became chief of staff of the IV Corps. In 1860 he was promoted to colonel and given command of a regiment of infantry. A year later he was given a position in the Prussian war ministry.
Bose was promoted to major general in 1864. During the Austro-Prussian War Bose commanded the 15th Infantry Brigade, with which he distinguished himself at Podol, Münchengrätz and Sadowa. At the end of the war Bose was promoted to lieutenant-general and given command of the 20th Infantry Division. When the Franco-Prussian War started in August 1870, Bose was given command of the XI Corps, with which he served at the battle of Wörth where he was wounded. His wounds kept him out of the war until 1871.
For his services during the war he was given a donative of 100.000 thaler. In 1880 he was ennobled a count.
Awards and decorations
- Order of the Iron Crown, 3rd class (Austria, 15 June 1852)
- Knight of Honour of the Order of St. John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg) (19 January 1854)
- Commander of the Order of the Sword with Star (Sweden)
- Knights of Order of Leopold (Austria) (19 December 1863)
- Order of St. Anna, 2nd class (Russia, 11 June 1864)
- Pour le Mérite (20 September 1866)
- Iron Cross of 1870, 1st and 2nd class
- Grand Cross of the Military Merit Order (Württemberg, 18 March 1871)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Philip the Magnanimous (Hesse, 10 July 1873)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Red Eagle with Oak Leaves and Swords (Prussia, 12 September 1874)
- Order of Alexander Nevsky (Russia, 24 June 1875)
- Order of the Black Eagle (Prussia, 8 October 1876)
- Cross and Star of Grand Commander of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern (18 January 1878)
- Herrmann, Otto, Julius von Bose: preussischer General der Infanterie; eine Lebensbeschreibung nach amtlichen Quellen und privaten Mitteilungen, Verlag A. Bath, 1898.
- Howard, Michael, The Franco-Prussian War: The German Invasion of France 1870–1871, New York: Routledge, 2001. ISBN 0-415-26671-8.
- Poten, Bernhard von, Bose, Julius von in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 47, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1903, S. 135–137.
- Wawro, Geoffrey, The Austro-Prussian War. Austria's war with Prussia and Italy in 1866 (New York 2007), p. 131-135.
Regarding personal names: Graf was a title, before 1919, but now is regarded as part of the surname. It is translated as Count. Before the August 1919 abolition of nobility as a separate estate, titles preceded the full name when given (Prinz Otto von Bismarck). After 1919, these titles, along with any nobiliary prefix (von, zu, etc.), could be used, but were regarded as part of the surname, and thus came after a first name (Otto Prinz von Bismarck). The feminine form is Gräfin.
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