|Joshua Hall Bates|
|Born||March 5, 1817|
|Died||July 26, 1908(aged 91)|
|Place of birth||Boston, Massachusetts|
|Place of death||Cincinnati, Ohio|
|Place of burial||Spring Grove Cemetery|
United States of America|
|Years of service||1837 – 1842; 1861|
|Unit||Ohio state militia|
American Civil War|
• No combat duty
Joshua Hall Bates (March 5, 1817 – July 26, 1908) was a lawyer, politician, and general in the Union Army during the early part of the American Civil War. He was a leading recruiter and organizer of many of the first regiments of Ohio troops who volunteered after President Abraham Lincoln's call to arms in the spring of 1861.
Birth and early years
Bates was born on March 5, 1817, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father was physician George Bates who was a friend of Andrew Jackson, and mother was Eliza Hall. He graduated from the United States Military Academy on July 1, 1837, and was breveted as a second lieutenant in the artillery. He subsequently served five years in the Regular army, including spending time in Florida in 1837-38 during the Seminole Wars. He was assigned to Cleveland, Ohio, during the Canada border disturbances from 1839 to 1841. After resigning his commission on July 20, 1842, he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar.
On May 8, 1844, he married Elizabeth Dwight Hoadley of the New England Dwight family. Her father was Ohio politician George Hoadley (1781–1857) and brother was George Hoadly who later became Governor of Ohio. Their children were:
- Clement Bates born April 1, 1845
- Charles Jarvis Bates born November 5, 1847
- William Scarborough Bates born February 7, 1852
- Merrick Linley Bates born June 14, 1855
- James Harvey Simpson Bates born August 28, 1863
Civil War service
Bates joined the Ohio state militia and became a brigadier general. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was assigned to Department of the Sanitary Commission and served as the commander of Camp Harrison near Cincinnati. Along with two other militia generals, he helped establish Camp Dennison, a sprawling military complex north of Cincinnati. He helped organize fifteen regiments of infantry for service in the field. Believing that he was too old at age forty-four to go into combat, Bates resigned his commission as brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers on August 27, 1861, but remained active in the militia. As president of the Cincinnati Committee of Public Safety, Bates commanded a division when Cincinnati was threatened by Confederates forces in the summer of 1863. One of the earthwork fortifications in northern Kentucky which defended Cincinnati was named Bates Battery in his honor.
Again returning to civilian life, Bates resumed his law practice in Cincinnati. He became a member of the Ohio State Senate in 1864 and served until 1866. He was again a state senator from 1876 to 1878. He was the president of the Cincinnati Bar Association from 1881 to 1882.
In 1892 General Bates joined the Aztec Club of 1847 as an hereditary member by virtue of the service of his father Surgeon Charles J. Bates, USN. Bates died on July 26, 1908, in Cincinnati at the age of 91. He is among several former Union Army generals who were buried in the city's Spring Grove Cemetery.
- Benjamin Woodbridge Dwight (1874). The history of the descendants of John Dwight, of Dedham, Mass. 1. J. F. Trow & son, printers and bookbinders. p. 286. http://books.google.com/books?id=WLfMU4yd1FYC&pg=PA286.
- William Richard Cutter, ed (1914). New England families, genealogical and memorial. 2. Lewis historical publishing company. pp. 1081–1082. http://books.google.com/books?id=1M8UAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1082.
- Geoffrey R. Walden. "The Defenses of Cincinnati". The Cincinnati Civil War Round Table. http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ohio%20in%20the%20war/1862%20Defense%20of%20Cincinnati/iv_defenses.pdf. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- Cincinnati Bar Association
- James Barnett. "Forty For the Union: Civil War Generals Buried in Spring Grove Cemetery". The Cincinnati Civil War Round Table web site. http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ohio%20in%20the%20war/barnett_forty_for_the_union/barnett_article.html. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- James Barnett (1968). "Joshua Hall Bates". The Cincinnati Civil War Round Table Newsletter. http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ohio%20in%20the%20war/bios/bates_james%20barnett.html. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- "Joshua Hall Bates". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/5082. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
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