Military Wiki
Joseph F. Johnston
United States Senator
from Alabama

In office
August 6, 1907 – August 8, 1913
Preceded by Edmund Pettus
Succeeded by Francis S. White
30th Governor of Alabama

In office
December 1, 1896 – December 1, 1900
Preceded by William C. Oates
Succeeded by William J. Samford
Personal details
Born (1843-03-23)March 23, 1843
Lincoln County, North Carolina
Died August 8, 1913(1913-08-08) (aged 70)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Elmwood Cemetery[1]
Birmingham, Alabama
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Theresa Virginia Hooper
Children William Hooper Johnston
Edward Douglas Johnston
Forney Johnston
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Rank Confederate States of America Captain.png Captain
Unit North Carolina 12th North Carolina Infantry[2]
Battles/wars American Civil War

Joseph Forney Johnston (March 23, 1843 – August 8, 1913) was an American Democratic politician and businessman who was the 30th Governor of Alabama from 1896 to 1900. He later served in the U.S. Senate from August 6, 1907 to his death on August 8, 1913. During his time as a senator, he served as a chairman of the Committee to Establish a University of the United States.


Born in Lincoln County, North Carolina, on March 23, 1843, Johnston attended the rural public schools in North Carolina during his youth. Johnston moved to Talladega, Alabama at the age of seventeen, and attended a military academy. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Johnston enlisted as a private in the Confederate States Army. Johnston served through the duration of the war, receiving wounds at Chickamauga, Spotsylvania, New Market, and Petersburg. By war's end, he attained the rank of captain.[3]

After returning from the war, Johnston studied law under William H. Forney and was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Selma, Alabama, eventually moving to Birmingham to become president of the Alabama National Bank. In 1887, Johnston became president of the Sloss Iron & Steel company, an industry thriving in Alabama at the time.[3]

Johnston first entered the political arena in 1890, when he ran for Alabama governor, but lost to Thomas G. Jones. In 1896, he again ran for governor and succeeded, serving two consecutive two-year terms as Governor of Alabama.[3] Johnston's achievements during his tenure as governor include tax reform, creation of the Alabama Department of Insurance, and the establishment of a state mine inspector.

Johnston decided not to seek another term as governor in 1900, and instead challenged John Tyler Morgan in that year's Senate election. Morgan defeated Johnston, and in 1902, Johnston sought a third term as governor against incumbent William D. Jelks. The revelation of several scandals involving Sloss Iron & Steel, as well as misconduct in the prison system, hurt Johnston, and he would ultimately lose the election.

Johnston did attain political office again, however, by being elected to complete Senator Edmund Pettus's term after Pettus had died in office in 1907. Johnston was re-elected in 1909, and served in the Senate until his death from pneumonia in 1913.[3]

Johnston was married to Theresa Virginia Hooper of South Carolina. They had three sons: William Hooper, Edward Douglas, and Forney.[2] He is buried in Birmingham's Elmwood Cemetery.

See also

  • List of United States Congress members who died in office (1900–49)


External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
William C. Oates
Democratic nominee for Governor of Alabama
1896, 1898
Succeeded by
William J. Samford
Political offices
Preceded by
William C. Oates
Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by
William J. Samford
United States Senate
Preceded by
Edmund Pettus
U.S. Senator from Alabama
Succeeded by
Francis S. White

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