Military Wiki
Col. John T. Averill
Born (1825-03-01)March 1, 1825
Died October 3, 1889(1889-10-03) (aged 64)
Place of birth Alna, Maine
Place of death St. Paul, Minnesota
Place of burial Oakland Cemetery, St. Paul
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1862-1865
Rank Union army col rank insignia.jpg Colonel
Union army brig gen rank insignia.jpg Brevet Brigadier General
Commands held 6th Minnesota Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work U.S. Congressman

John Thomas Averill (March 1, 1825 – October 3, 1889) was a Representative from Minnesota; born in Alna, Maine, March 1, 1825. He moved with his parents to Montville, Maine, in 1838; graduated from the Maine Wesleyan Seminary at Readfield in 1846. He taught school for a short time, and subsequently engaged in lumbering for one year. Averill then moved to Winthrop, Maine, and engaged in mercantile pursuits for three years. In 1852 he moved to northern Pennsylvania and again engaged in lumbering until 1857, when he settled in Lake City, Minnesota. Once there, he engaged in mercantile pursuits and the grain business; was a member of the Minnesota Senate 1858 – 1860. On August 22, 1862, he was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the 6th Minnesota Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to Colonel on November 22, 1864, and was assigned as Provost Marshal General for the District of Minnesota. He was honorably mustered out on September 28, 1865; and was made a Brevet Brigadier General on October 18, 1865. In 1866 he moved to St. Paul, Minnesota and engaged in the wholesale paper and stationery business. He was a member of the Republican National Committee from 1868 through 1880; elected as a Republican to the 42nd and 43rd congresses (March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1875); He was chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs (Forty-third Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1874. He resumed his business activities in St. Paul, Minnesota, where he died on October 3, 1889; interred in Oakland Cemetery.


  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Eugene McLanahan Wilson
U.S. Representative from Minnesota's 2nd congressional district
1871 – 1873
Succeeded by
Horace B. Strait
Preceded by
U.S. Representative from Minnesota's 3rd congressional district
1873 – 1875
Succeeded by
William S. King
  • John T. Averill at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

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