Major General John Biddle during World War I.
|Born||February 2, 1859|
|Died||January 18, 1936(aged 76)|
|Place of birth||Detroit, Michigan, United States|
|Place of death||San Antonio, Texas, United States|
|Buried at||West Point Cemetery, West Point, New York, United States|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1881–1920|
|Unit||Corps of Engineers|
|Commands held||Superintendent of the United States Military Academy|
World War I
Army Distinguished Service Medal|
Major General John Biddle (February 2, 1859 – January 18, 1936) was a career United States Army officer who became superintendent of the United States Military Academy.
Biddle was born in Detroit, Michigan. His father was William Shepard Biddle (1830–1902) and mother was Susan Dayton Ogden (1831–1878). His Biddle family included many political and military leaders, including grandfather John Biddle (1792–1859) and great-grandfather Charles Biddle (1745–1821). His maternal great-grandfather, Aaron Ogden, served as governor of New Jersey. His maternal grandfather, Elias B. D. Ogden, served as associate justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.
Biddle was raised outside the United States until he was a teenager, and he attended schools in Geneva and Heidelberg. He then attended the University of Michigan for a year, but left to attend the United States Military Academy. He graduated in 1881, ranked second of 53. His high class ranking earned him a second lieutenant's commission in the first choice of most top graduates, the Corps of Engineers.
Biddle was commissioned an engineer. Biddle was in charge of river and harbor work at Nashville, Tennessee from 1891 to 1898. When the Spanish–American War broke out, he became Chief Engineer of Volunteers, serving in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines. He was awarded the Silver Star. From 1901 to 1907 he was Engineer-Commissioner in charge of public works in Washington, D.C. Subsequently, he was in charge of river and harbor work in San Francisco from 1907 to 1911 and then served as an observer with the Austro-Hungarian Army on the Eastern Front from November 1914 to June 1915. He then was in charge of river and harbor improvements in Baltimore, Maryland. Biddle served as the Superintendent of the US Military Academy at West Point from July 1916 to June 1917. When the United States entered World War I, he commanded a brigade of engineer regiments, then served as acting United States Army Chief of Staff in Washington while Chief of Staff Tasker Bliss was in London. In 1918 he was again sent overseas to take charge of American troops in Great Britain and Ireland.
Biddle died in San Antonio, Texas after a long illness.
His nephew William Shepard Biddle III (1900–1981), rose to be Major General after commanding the 113th Cavalry Regiment in World War II, and the 11th Constabulary Regiment in the German occupation.
Awards and decorations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- Owen Picton (May 2004). "Descendants of William Biddle III". http://www.picton.us/biddle/williambiddle.htm.
- Wheeler, William Ogden (1907). The Ogden Family In America: Elizabethtown Branch. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott. pp. 254–255. https://archive.org/details/ogdenfamilyiname00whee/page/254/mode/2up.
- Robert B. Ross and George B. Catlyn (1898). Landmarks of Detroit: A History of the City. p. 258. https://books.google.com/books?id=4n8fC5f3eccC&pg=PA258.
- "Col. Biddle To West Point". The New York Times. May 18, 1916. https://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E0DE0DE1031E733A0575BC1A9639C946796D6CF.
- Venzon, Anne Cipriano (1995). The United States in the First World War. London: Routledge. pp. 85–86. ISBN 0-8153-3353-6. https://books.google.com/books?id=YiZRC8bsOuoC&dq=john+biddle+superintendent&pg=PA85.
- "Col. Biddle Going To Front". The New York Times. June 3, 1917. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1917/06/03/98250852.pdf.
- "Died. Major General John Biddle (retired)". January 27, 1936. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,847671,00.html.
- Louis DiMarco, from text by James W. Cooke. "113th Cavalry Group". http://www.louisdimarco.com/113thcavalrygroup.htm.
- George F. Hofmann (October 2007). "Cold War Mounted Warriors: U.S. Constabulary in Occupied Germany". Fort Knox. pp. 26–35. http://www.usconstabulary.com/armor_magcon_occup_germ.html.
- Davis, Henry Blaine Jr. (1998). Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press. pp. 34–35. ISBN 1-57197-088-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:John Biddle (United States Army general).|
- John Biddle at Find a Grave
Clarence Page Townsley
|Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
Samuel Escue Tillman
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