Mathis James Reed|
September 6, 1925
Dunleith, Mississippi, U.S.
August 29, 1976 (aged 50)|
Mathis James Reed (September 6, 1925 – August 29, 1976) was an American blues musician and songwriter. His particular style of electric blues was popular with blues as well as non-blues audiences. Reed's songs such as "Honest I Do" (1957), "Baby What You Want Me to Do" (1960), "Big Boss Man" (1961), and "Bright Lights, Big City" (1961) appeared on both Billboard magazine's rhythm and blues and Hot 100 singles charts.
Reed influenced other musicians, such as Elvis Presley, Hank Williams Jr., and the Rolling Stones, who recorded his songs. Music critic Cub Koda describes him as "perhaps the most influential bluesman of all," due to his easily accessible style.
Reed was born in Dunleith, Mississippi, on September 6, 1925. He learned the harmonica and guitar from his friend Eddie Taylor. After several years of busking and performing there, he moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1943. He was then drafted into the U.S. Navy and served in World War II. He was discharged in 1945 and returned briefly to Mississippi, marrying his girlfriend, Mary (henceforth known as Mama Reed). He then moved to Gary, Indiana, to work at an Armour meat-packing plant. Mama Reed was an uncredited background singer on many of his recordings, notably the hits "Baby What You Want Me to Do", "Big Boss Man" and "Bright Lights, Big City".
By the 1950s, Reed had established himself as a popular musician. He joined the Gary Kings with John Brim and played on the street with Willie Joe Duncan. Reed failed to gain a recording contract with Chess Records, but signed with Vee-Jay Records through Brim's drummer, Albert King. At Vee-Jay, Reed began playing again with Eddie Taylor and soon released "You Don't Have to Go", his first hit record. It was followed by a long string of hit songs.
Reed maintained his reputation despite his rampant alcoholism; his wife sometimes had to help him remember the lyrics to his songs while recording. In 1957, Reed developed epilepsy, though the condition was not correctly diagnosed for a long time, as Reed and doctors assumed it was delirium tremens. When Vee-Jay Records closed, his manager signed a contract with the fledgling ABC-Bluesway label, but Reed never produced another hit. In 1968, he toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival.
Reed died of respiratory failure in 1976, in Oakland, California, eight days short of his 51st birthday. He is interred in the Lincoln Cemetery, in Worth, Illinois. Reed was posthumously inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1980 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991.
The Rolling Stones have cited Reed as a major influence on their sound, and their early set lists included Reed's songs "Ain't That Lovin' You Baby", "The Sun Is Shining" (played by the Stones at the 1969 Altamont concert), "Bright Lights, Big City", and "Shame, Shame, Shame". "Little by Little", the B-side of their February 1964 UK hit single "Not Fade Away" was a pastiche of "Shame, Shame, Shame". "Honest I Do" was included on their first album, The Rolling Stones (subtitled England's Newest Hit Makers in America), in 1964 (the U.S. edition also included "Little by Little"). For their 2016 release, Blue & Lonesome, they recorded a version of Reed's "Little Rain".
The Yardbirds recorded "I Ain't Got You" for the B-side of their second single "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl" with guitarist Eric Clapton. With Jeff Beck, they recorded the Reed-inspired instrumental "Like Jimmy Reed Again", which was released on a reissue of their album Having a Rave Up. The Animals considered Reed one of their main sources of inspiration and recorded versions of "I Ain't Got You" and "Bright Lights, Big City". Van Morrison's group Them covered "Bright Lights, Big City" and "Baby, What You Want Me to Do", both of which are on the album The Story of Them Featuring Van Morrison. "Big Boss Man", sung by Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, was regularly performed by the Grateful Dead in the 1960s and early 1970s and appears on their live album Grateful Dead
Elvis Presley recorded several of Reed's songs, having a hit with "Big Boss Man" in 1967 and recording several performances of "Baby, What You Want Me to Do" for his 1968 TV program. (Presley's 1964 hit "Ain't That Lovin' You Baby" is a different song from that recorded by Reed.) "Baby, What You Want Me to Do" was also covered by Wishbone Ash on their 1972 album Live Dates. Johnny and Edgar Winter performed it live in 1975 and included it on their album Together. Omar Kent Dykes and Jimmie Vaughan released the album On the Jimmy Reed Highway as a tribute to Reed. Bill Cosby covered four of Reed's songs, "Bright Lights, Big City", "Big Boss Man", "Hush Hush" and "Aw Shucks, Hush Your Mouth", for his 1967 album, Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings.
The Steve Miller Band covered five of Reed's songs: "You're So Fine", on the 1968 album Sailor, and "I Wanna Be Loved (But by Only You)", "Big Boss Man", "Caress Me Baby" and "Ain't That Lovin' You Baby", on the 1986 album Living in the 20th Century. Bob Dylan paid tribute to Reed with the song "Goodbye Jimmy Reed" on the album Rough and Rowdy Ways.
|Year||Single (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
|1953||"High and Lonesome"
b/w "Roll and Rhumba" (from I'm Jimmy Reed)
|—||—||The Legend – The Man|
b/w "I Found My Baby"
|1955||"You Don't Have to Go"
b/w "Boogie in the Dark"
|5||—||I'm Jimmy Reed|
|"I'm Gonna Ruin You"
b/w "Pretty Thing"
|"I Don't Go for That"
b/w "She Don't Want Me No More"
|1956||"Ain't That Lovin' You Baby"
b/w "Baby, Don't Say That No More" (from History of Jimmy Reed)
|3||—||I'm Jimmy Reed|
|"Can't Stand to See You Go"
b/w "Rockin' with Reed" (from Rockin' with Reed)
|"I Love You Baby"
b/w "My First Plea" (from I'm Jimmy Reed)
|"You've Got Me Dizzy"
b/w "Honey Don't Let Me Go" (non-album track)
|3||—||I'm Jimmy Reed|
|1957||"Little Rain" /||7||—|
|"Honey, Where You Going?"||10||—||Non-album track|
|"The Sun Is Shining"
b/w "Baby, What's on Your Mind" (from Rockin' with Reed)
|12||65||The Best of Jimmy Reed|
|"Honest I Do"
b/w "Signals of Love" (non-album track)
|4||32||I'm Jimmy Reed|
|1958||"You're Something Else"
b/w "A String to Your Heart" (from Rockin' with Reed)
|"You Got Me Crying"
b/w "Go On to School"
|"I'm Gonna Get My Baby"
b/w "Odds and Ends" (from Jimmy Reed with More of the Best)
|"Down in Virginia"
b/w "I Know It's a Sin"
|—||93||Rockin' with Reed|
|1959||"I Told You Baby"
b/w "Ends and Odds" (from Rockin' with Reed)
|19||—||Blues Is My Business|
|"Take Out Some Insurance"
b/w "You Know I Love You" (from History of Jimmy Reed)
|—||—||Rockin' with Reed|
|"I Wanna Be Loved"
b/w "Going to New York"
|1960||"Baby What You Want Me to Do"
b/w "Caress Me Baby" (from Rockin' with Reed)
|"I Found Love"
b/w "Where Can You Be"
b/w "Going by the River", Part 2
b/w "Laughing At the Blues"
|"Big Boss Man"
b/w "I'm a Love You" (from Jimmy Reed at Carnegie Hall)
|"Bright Lights, Big City"
b/w "I'm Mr. Luck"
|3||58||Jimmy Reed at Carnegie Hall|
|1962||"Aw Shucks, Hush Your Mouth"
b/w "Baby What's Wrong"
b/w "Tell Me You Love Me" (from Jimmy Reed At Carnegie Hall)
|—||77||Just Jimmy Reed|
b/w "I'll Change My Style" (non-album track)
|"Let's Get Together"
b/w "Oh John"
|1963||"Shame, Shame, Shame"
b/w "There'll Be a Day"
|—||52||T'aint No Big Thing but He Is|
b/w "I'm Gonna Help You"
|"Outskirts of Town"
b/w "St. Louis Blues"
|—||—||Jimmy Reed Sings the Best of the Blues|
b/w "Heading for a Fall" (non-album track)
|—||—||Jimmy Reed at Soul City|
|"Down in Mississippi"
b/w "Oh John" (from Just Jimmy Reed)
|—||—||Jimmy Reed with More of the Best|
|"I'm Going Upside Your Head"
b/w "The Devil's Shoestring", Part 2
|—||—||Jimmy Reed at Soul City|
|"I Wanna Be Love"
b/w "A New Leaf"
|1965||"Left Handed Woman"
b/w "I'm The Man Down There" (from Jimmy Reed's Soul Greats)
|"When Girls Do It"
b/w "Don't Think I'm Through"
|1966||"Knockin' at Your Door"
b/w "Dedication to Sonny Boy Williamson"
b/w "Crazy 'Bout Oklahoma"
|"Got Nowhere to Go"
b/w "Two Ways to Skin (A Cat)"
|—||—||The New Jimmy Reed Album|
|1967||"I Wanna Know"
b/w "Two Heads Better Than One"
|"Don't Press Your Luck Woman"
b/w "Feel Like I Want to Ramble"
|"Crazy About Oklahoma"
b/w "Buy Me a Hound Dog"
|1968||"My Baby Told Me"
b/w "Peepin 'n Hidin" (from Soulin')
|—||—||Big Boss Man|
|1969||"Don't Light My Fire"
b/w "The Judge Should Know"
|—||—||Down in Virginia|
b/w "Christmas Present Blues"
|—||—||As Jimmy Is|
|"Hard Walkin' Hannah", Part 1
b/w "Hard Walkin' Hannah", Part 2
|1971||"Big Legged Woman"
b/w "Funky Funky Soul"
b/w "You're Just a Womper Stomper"
|—||—||Let the Bossman Speak!|
|1958||I'm Jimmy Reed|
|1959||Rockin' with Reed|
|1961||Jimmy Reed at Carnegie Hall|
|1962||Just Jimmy Reed|
|1963||Jimmy Reed Plays 12 String Guitar Blues|
|Jimmy Reed Sings the Best of the Blues|
|T'Ain't No Big Thing but He Is...Jimmy Reed|
|1964||Jimmy Reed at Soul City|
|1965||The Legend: The Man|
|1967||The New Jimmy Reed Album|
|1968||Big Boss Man|
|1968||Down in Virginia|
|1973||I Ain't from Chicago|
|1976||Blues Is My Business|
|1980||I'm Going to Upside Your Head (compilation, Charly Records CRB 1003)|
|1985||I'm the Man Down There (compilation, Charly Records CRB 1082)|
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. pp. 76–77. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. pp. 345–346. ISBN 0-89820-068-7. https://archive.org/details/joelwhitburnstop00whit/page/345.
- Koda, Cub. "Jimmy Reed: Biography". http://www.allmusic.com/artist/jimmy-reed-mn0000076881/biography.
- Jimmy Reed interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969)
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: R". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. https://www.robertchristgau.com/get_chap.php?k=R&bk=70. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
- Doc Rock. "The 1970s". The Dead Rock Stars Club. http://thedeadrockstarsclub.com/1970.html.
- Unterberger, Richie. "'The Rolling Stones (England's Newest Hit Makers) – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-rolling-stones-englands-newest-hit-makers-mw0000195499.
- Fricke, David (December 13, 2016). "Review: The Rolling Stones Reinvigorate the Blues on Blue and Lonesome". Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/review-the-rolling-stones-blue-and-lonesome-w453332.
- "I Ain't Got You" was written by Clarence Carter and first recorded by Billy Boy Arnold
- Eder, Bruce. "The Yardbirds: Having a Rave Up – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/having-a-rave-up-mw0000334448.
- "The Animals: Songs". https://www.allmusic.com/artist/the-animals-mn0000751019/songs/all/3.
- Rabid, Jack. "The Story of Them Featuring Van Morrison – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-story-of-them-featuring-van-morrison-mw0000031190.
- Planer, Lindsay. "Grateful Dead (Skull & Roses) – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/grateful-dead-skull-roses-mw0000190196.
- Eder, Bruce. "Wishbone Ash: Live Dates – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/live-dates-mw0000320711.
- Smith, Michael B.. "Johnny & Edgar Winter: Together – Live – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/together-live-mw0000312590.
- Gilstrap, Andrew. "Album review". http://www.popmatters.com/pm/music/reviews/50066/omar-kent-dykes-and-jimmie-vaughan-on-the-jimmy-reed-highway/.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/silver-throat-bill-cosby-sings-mw0000778034.
- Hanson, Amy. "Steve Miller Band: Sailor – Review". http://www.allmusic.com/album/sailor-mw0000689837.
- "Steve Miller Band: Living in the 20th Century – Reviews". http://www.allmusic.com/album/living-in-the-20th-century-mw0000190921.
- Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–1995. Record Research. p. 369.
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955–2002. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. p. 564. ISBN 0-89820-155-1. https://archive.org/details/joelwhitburnstop00whitbur/page/564.
- Webpage with detailed biography and photographs
- Illustrated Jimmy Reed discography
- Jimmy Reed at Find a Grave
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