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Japanese destroyer Shimakaze (1920)
IJN Shimakaze (Minekaze class) Taisho 11.jpg
Japanese destroyer Shimakaze in 1922
Career Japanese Navy Ensign
Name: Shimakaze
Ordered: 1918 fiscal year
Builder: Maizuru Naval Arsenal
Laid down: September 5, 1919
Launched: March 31, 1920
Commissioned: November 15, 1920
Struck: February 10, 1943
Fate: Sunk in action, January 12, 1943
General characteristics as Shimakaze
Class & type: Minekaze-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,345 long tons (1,367 t) normal,
1,650 long tons (1,680 t) full load
Length: 97.5 m (320 ft) pp,
102.6 m (337 ft) overall
Beam: 9 m (30 ft)
Draught: 2.8 m (9.2 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft Mitsubishi-Parsons geared turbines, 4 boilers 38,500 ihp (28,700 kW)
Speed: 39 knots (72 km/h)
Range: 3600 nm @ 14 knots
(6,700 km at 26 km/h)
Complement: 148
Armament: 4 × Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
6 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
2 × 7.7 mm machine guns
Notes: Converted to Patrol Boat No.1 in April 1940
General characteristics as Patrol Boat No.1
Class & type: Patrol Boat No.1
Displacement: 1,270 long tons (1,290 t) normal,
1,700 long tons (1,700 t) full load
Length: 97.5 m (320 ft) pp,
102.6 m (337 ft) overall
Beam: 9 m (30 ft)
Draught: 2.9 m (9.5 ft)
Propulsion: 2-shaft Mitsubishi-Parsons geared steam turbine, 2 boilers 19,250 ihp (14,350 kW)
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h)
Armament: 2 × Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
4 × triple Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Gun guns
18x depth charges
Service record
Operations: Second Sino-Japanese War
Pacific War

Shimakaze (島風 Island Wind?)[1] was a Minekaze-class destroyer, built for the Imperial Japanese Navy immediately following World War I. In speed trials during commissioning, Shimakaze was clocked at 40.698 knots (75.373 km/h), setting a new record for Japanese destroyers at that time. Advanced for their time, the Minekaze class served as first-line destroyers through the 1930s, but were considered obsolescent by the start of the Pacific War. Shimakaze was de-rated to a patrol boat in 1940. It should not be confused with the later experimental super-destroyer Shimakaze of the 1940s.

History

Construction of the large-sized Minekaze-class destroyers was authorized as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 8-4 Fleet Program from fiscal 1917–1920, as an accompaniment to the medium-sized Momi class, with which they shared many common design characteristics.[2] Equipped with powerful engines, these vessels were capable of high speeds and were intended as escorts for the projected Amagi-class battlecruisers, which were ultimately never built.[3] Shimakaze, built at the Maizuru Naval Arsenal, was the fourth ship of this class. It was laid down on September 5, 1919, launched on March 31, 1920 and commissioned on November 15, 1920.[4]

On completion, Shimakaze was assigned to Yokosuka Naval District as part of Destroyer Division 3 under the IJN 2nd Fleet. On October 11, 1928, in Uraga Channel, while on night training maneuvers, Shimakaze collided with her sister ship Yūkaze, resulting in significant damage to her port side, and requiring extensive repairs.

From 1938-1939, Shimakaze was assigned to patrols of the northern and central China coastlines in support of Japanese combat operations in the Second Sino-Japanese War. During the Battle of Shanghai on September 25, 1937, while engaged in operations on the Huangpu River, Shimakaze came under fire from troops of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army, wounding Destroyer Division 3 commanding officer Lieutenant commander Prince Fushimi Hiroyoshi.

In December 1938, Destroyer Division 3 was disbanded, and Shimakaze was reassigned to the reserves.

As Patrol Boat No.1

In April 1940, after extensive modifications, Shimakaze was returned to active duty as a patrol boat, and renamed Patrol Boat No.1 ( 第一号哨戒艇 Dai-ichi-gō Shōkaitei?). These modifications included a reduction in the number of boilers to two, which in turn cut her top speed to 20 knots. The number of Type 3 120 mm guns was likewise reduced from four to two, and all torpedo launchers were removed. In their place, four triple Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Guns were added, as well as 18 depth chargess. The stern of the ship was modified to house two landing crafts, capable of landing 250 naval infantry troops. After the start of the Pacific War, Patrol Boat No.1 was assigned to patrols and escort missions in the Philippines, Netherlands East Indies and Solomon Islands. On January 12, 1943, while escorting the fleet oiler Akebono in the Bismarck Archipelago, she was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Guardfish near Kavieng, New Ireland at position 02°51′S 149°43′E / 2.85°S 149.717°E / -2.85; 149.717Coordinates: 02°51′S 149°43′E / 2.85°S 149.717°E / -2.85; 149.717.

Patrol Boat No.1 was removed from navy list on February 10, 1943.[5]

References

Books

  • Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Nelson, Andrew N. (1967). Japanese–English Character Dictionary. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0408-7. 
  • Watts, Anthony J (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday. ASIN B000KEV3J8. 
  • Whitley, M J (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 

External links

Notes

  1. Nelson. Japanese-English Character Dictionary. pages 357, 960
  2. Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun.
  3. Globalsecurity.org, IJN Minekaze class destroyers.
  4. Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Minekaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0418.htm. 
  5. Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Minekaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0418.htm. 


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