|James Martin II|
|Died||October 29, 1895 (aged 68–69)|
|Place of birth||Derry, Ireland|
|Place of burial||Mount Moriah Cemetery Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1847 - 1879|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
James Martin, II (1826-October 29, 1895) was a sergeant serving in the United States Marine Corps during the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Battle of Mobile Bay.
Martin was born in 1826 in Derry, Ireland, and after immigrating to the United States, entered the Marine Corps from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 9, 1847. He was a sergeant assigned to the marine detachment aboard the U.S.S. Richmond when it was sent to fight in the American Civil War during the Battle of Mobile Bay.
He retired from the Marine Corps with 32 years of service and after reenlisting seven times. He died October 29, 1895 and is buried in Mount Moriah Cemetery Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His grave can be found in the naval asylum plot.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1826, Derry, Ireland. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No: 45, 31 December 1864.
As captain of a gun on board the U.S.S. Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Martin fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious 2-hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.
- "Civil War (M-Z); Martin, James entry". Medal of Honor recipients. United States Army Center of Military History. July 28, 2010. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- Schuon, Karl (1963). U. S. Marine Corps biographical dictionary. New York: Franklin Watts. p. 142. http://books.google.com/books?id=WMY6AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA142.
- "James Martin, II". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. April 24, 2001. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/21893. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- "James Martin, II". Military Times. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=1489. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- "Sergeant James Martin, USMC, (Deceased); Civil War 1861-1865 Medal of Honor recipient". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. United States Marine Corps, History Division. http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Martin_WM.htm. Retrieved August 9, 2010. [dead link]
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