|Tax Assessor for Thompson Township, Fulton County, Pennsylvania|
|Born||May 10, 1938 (age 84)|
Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.
|Residence||Fulton County, Pennsylvania|
|Alma mater||University of Iowa (B.A.)|
University of Maryland (M.A.)
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Unit||United States Marine Band|
James "Jim" Hedges (born May 10, 1938) is an American politician who is a Prohibition activist and the former Tax Assessor for Thompson Township, Fulton County, Pennsylvania. He holds the distinction as the only individual to be elected to public office from the Prohibition Party in the 21st century, and the first since 1959. Hedges was the Prohibition Party's 2016 presidential nominee.
Hedges earned a Bachelor of Arts in Musical Performance from the University of Iowa in 1960, then enlisted in the United States Marine Band, in Washington, D.C., where he played tuba for 20 years.
Meanwhile, he earned a Master’s degree in Geography from the University of Maryland (1972) and published widely on karst and on periglacial geomorphology. He was Editor of the National Speleological Society Bulletin 1972-1983. Hedges retired to Fulton County, Pennsylvania and became active in his local community. He played brass instruments in area bands and was President of The Shippensburg Band. He was a reporter and environmental columnist for area weekly newspapers and was appointed Fulton County’s first Recycling Coödinator. He was a 4H Club leader. He was President of Fulton County Friends of the Library. He was a letterpress printer.
Prohibition Party activities
In high school, Hedges (whose parents were teetotallers for religious reasons) became interested in the Prohibition Party after reading an article in a newspaper. By the 1980s, he had become active in the party, and rose to the position of Executive Secretary in 2003. In 2005, he was selected as the Secretary of the Partisan Prohibition Historical Society. Hedges also publishes the party's printed newsletter.
Prior to the 2004 presidential election, Hedges was involved in a schism within the party stemming from alleged misuse of funds and mismanagement by Earl Dodge, the party's long-time face. Notably, Hedges and others claimed that Dodge sold the party's headquarters for $119,500 in 1999 with intent to build on his own property, but that Dodge instead kept the money for himself and moved the headquarters to a tool shed. Dodge countered by saying that he placed the funds in a separate party account, and argued that Hedges and others who had put forth the allegations were simply disgruntled with their position in the party. Nevertheless, Hedges and his faction formed the Concerns of the People (Prohibition) Party to counter Dodge, and nominated Washington anti-alcohol activist and preacher Gene Amondson for President. Both Dodge and Hedges claimed their parties were the authentic Prohibition Party. The split abruptly came to an end in 2007 after Dodge's death, and the reunified party again nominated Amondson for president for the 2008 election.
Thompson Township Assessor
In 2001, Hedges secured the nominations of the Republican, Democratic and Prohibition Parties through write-in ballots to appear as the only candidate for Tax Assessor in Thompson Township. He won the election, and was sworn-in in 2002 by District Justice Carol Jean Johnson. He became the first official elected in a partisan election from the Prohibition Party since two members of the Winona Lake, Indiana, city council were elected in 1959. Hedges was re-elected in 2005, and served until the office was abolished by the Pennsylvania General Assembly in 2007.
2012 presidential campaign
After Gene Amondson's death in 2009, a vacancy opened for the Prohibition Party's 2012 presidential nomination. Hedges announced on February 18, 2010, that he intended to run for the nomination. In preparation, he established a campaign website, sent out a series of postcards through the party's mailing list and contacted members of the nominating committee. Despite such efforts, Hedges lost the nomination to retired engineer Jack Fellure at the Cullman, Alabama Prohibition Party National Convention on June 22, 2011.
2016 presidential campaign
In the 2016 presidential election cycle, Hedges was initially the preferred running mate of Greg Seltzer, the Prohibition Party's Chairman who was seeking the party's presidential nomination. In April 2015, Seltzer withdrew his candidacy and resigned as the party's Chairman upon being appointed by Maryland Governor Larry Hogan to the Maryland Elections Board. Following Seltzer's departure from the race, Hedges became a candidate for the party's presidential nomination.
Hedges received the Prohibition Party's 2016 presidential nomination during a nominating convention held via conference call on July 31, 2015. Hedges was a contestant in the American Independent Party Primary in California. He received 10.8% of the primary vote and carried Lake County.
In the 2016 Presidential election, Hedges made the ballot in 3 states: Arkansas, Colorado, and Mississippi. He received 5,617 (Arkansas 4,709, Colorado 185, and Mississippi 715) votes on November 8, the best showing for a Prohibition nominee since 1988.
- Hook, Jim (2016) – Local Man Provides a Major-Party Alternative: Public Opinion (Chambersburg, Pennsylvania), 16 August, pp.1A-2A
- Warner, Joel (2004). "Want real change? Vote Prohibition". Boulder Weekly. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110708085634/http://archive.boulderweekly.com/102804/newsspin.html. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Jim Hedges". Prohibitionists.org. Partisan Prohibition Historical Society. http://www.prohibitionists.org/History/history.html. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- U.S. Geological Survey. Bibliography of North Americana Geology: Washington, D.C., USGPO
- 4-H Club Wins Prize: Fulton County News, 2 December 1982, p.11.
- "Band honors members" (in English). Shippensburg Sentinel. 11 March 2009. p. 9. http://www.shippensburgsentinel.com. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- State Award for Journal Reporter: Mercersburg (Pennsylvania) Journal, 5 May 1993, p A-7.
- Recycling Column Wins Award: Fulton County (Pennsylvania) News, 6 May 1993, p. B-5.
- Fulton County Friends of the Library Reorganize: Fulton County (Pennsylvania) News, 12 July 1982, p.8
- Library Friends Elect Officers: Fulton County (Pennsylvania) News, 1 August, p.5.
- Friends of the Library archives, “Addresses of Officers and Board Members,” 1988-89, 1992-93
- Chambers, David (1987) (in English). PPB 1987. Private Press Association. pp. 13–14.
- https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/may/11/prohibition-party-2016-election-ballots-jim-hedges "Hedges comes from a family that didn’t drink for religious reasons, and although he is a non-believer, he got involved with the Prohibition party in high school and has stuck with the lessons of his upbringing."
- "Wikinews interviews Jim Hedges, U.S. Prohibition Party presidential candidate". Wikinews. January 29, 2011. http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Wikinews_interviews_Jim_Hedges,_U.S._Prohibition_Party_presidential_candidate. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Prohhibition Party History...1872 to 2009". Prohibitionists.org. Partisan Prohibition Historical Society. http://www.prohibitionists.org/History/history.html. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Society". Prohibitionists.org. Partisan Prohibition Historical Society. http://www.prohibitionists.org/History/society/society.html. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Prohibition Party Nominates National Ticket". Ballot Access News. Richard Winger. August 1, 2015. http://ballot-access.org/2015/07/31/prohibition-party-nominates-national-ticket/.
- Kelly, David (September 19, 2004). "The Worst Year for Prohibition Since 1933?". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2004/sep/19/nation/na-prohibit19. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- Ahren, Raphael (February 19, 2008). "Prohibitionists abstain from alcohol, not elections". Columbia News Service. http://jscms.jrn.columbia.edu/cns/2008-02-19/ahren-prohibitionparty.html. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Many Minor Parties Win Elections". Ballot Access News. Richard Winger. December 1, 2001. http://www.ballot-access.org/2001/1201.html. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Two Additional Parties Won Partisan Elections on Nov. 8". Ballot Access News. Richard Winger. November 25, 2005. http://www.ballot-access.org/2005/11/25/two-additional-parties-won-partisan-elections-on-nov-8/. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "James Hedges Seeks Prohibition Party Presidential Nomination in 2012". Ballot Access News. Richard Winger. February 20, 2010. http://www.ballot-access.org/2010/02/20/james-hedges-seeks-prohibition-party-presidential-nomination-in-2012/. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Convention". Prohibition Party. February 21, 2011. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110608031327/http://www.prohibitionparty.org/Convention.html. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
- "Greg Seltzer Resigns as Prohibition Party Chairman". Independent Political Report. April 22, 2015. http://www.independentpoliticalreport.com/2015/04/greg-seltzer-resigns-as-prohibition-party-chairman/. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Garvin, Glenn (July 13, 2015). "Too many presidential candidates? What about the anarchist, socialist, prohibitionist — and cat". Tampa Bay Times. http://www.tampabay.com/news/politics/stateroundup/too-many-presidential-candidates-what-about-the-anarchist-socialist/2237130. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- "Prohibitionist Runs Strong in California" American Third Party Report. June 9th, 2016. Accessed August 6th, 2016. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20160611000056/https://amthirdpartyreport.com/2016/06/09/prohibitionist-runs-strong-in-california/. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". https://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/.
|Party political offices|
|Prohibition Party presidential nominee
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