Jack O'Dell (born Hunter Pitts O'Dell, August 11, 1923 – October 31, 2019), was an African-American activist writer and communist, best known for his role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s.
O'Dell was born in Detroit, Michigan in August 1923. O'Dell was raised there by his grandfather, a janitor at a public library, and his grandmother. He attended an all-black college Xavier University of Louisiana in New Orleans from 1941 until 1943. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Merchant Marines, which functioned as a branch of the military forces for the duration of the conflict. During this time, he joined the National Maritime Union, one of the few racially integrated labor unions in the U.S.
During the 1950s, O'Dell was a member of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA).(The Man Behind the Myth, Des Griffin, p20)
Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement
He worked with Martin Luther King Jr. O'Dell was a director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Because of O'Dell's past involvement with the Communist Party, King received pressure from many liberal leaders—including the Kennedy brothers, John and Robert—to distance himself from O'Dell. After conferring with King, O'Dell decided to accept a less prominent post within the movement in order not to alienate important allies of the Civil Rights struggle; nevertheless, he continued to play a decisive role in the SCLC, as well as in King's move towards the political left towards the end of his life.
O'Dell worked closely with the Rev. Jesse Jackson. He was a senior foreign policy advisor to the "Jesse Jackson for President" campaign in 1984. He also worked with Jackson as an international affairs consultant to the National Rainbow Coalition
Later life and death
O'Dell wrote for Freedomways, an African-American political journal, from its beginning in 1961 to its end in 1985. He served as chairman of the board of the Pacifica Foundation, which operates the listener-sponsored Pacifica Radio Network, from 1977 to 1997.
He lived with his wife, Jane Power, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In later life he was active in mentoring new generations of political activists—as well as historians of the Civil Rights Movement—in the Pacific Northwest. O'Dell died in October 2019 at the age of 96.
- O'Dell, Hunter. "O’Dell, Hunter Pitts "Jack" (1923- )". stanford.edu. https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/odell-hunter-pitts-jack. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- Buhle, Paul (May 2011). "The Jack O'Dell Story". http://monthlyreview.org/2011/05/01/the-jack-odell-story/. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "The Pacifica Foundation". http://www.pacifica.org/about_history.php.
- O'Dell, Hunter Pitts "Jack"
- Kenneth R. Timmerman. Shakedown: Exposing the real Jesse Jackson (2002). Regnery Publishing, Inc.
- Diane McWhorter. Carry Me Home: Birmingham, Alabama, the Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution (2001). Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-1772-1
- Michael Zweig, ed. Jack O'Dell: The Urgency of Now (2005). State University of New York, Stony Brook, Department of Economics.
- Singh, Nikhil (2012). Climbin' Jacob's Ladder; the Black Freedom Movement Writings of Jack O'Dell. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. pp. 330. ISBN 9780520274549.
- Seven Questions: Jack O'Dell and Jane Power Retrieved 28 January 2006
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