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Jabal Hamzah Ballistic Missile Test and Launch Facility
قاعدة إطلاق و اختبار الصواريخ الباليستية بجبل حمزة
Part of the Egyptian Army
close to 6th October City and Sheikh Zayed City Giza, Cairo
Type Missile launch facility
Coordinates Latitude:
Built Late 1950 (1950)s[1]
Egyptian Armed Forces
Open to
the public
Battles/wars Yom Kippur War[3]
Events Al Zafir and Al Kahir SRBMs testing[3][4]
File:Flag of the Army of Egypt.svg

Ballistic missile test and launch facility was built in the late 1950s and it is the oldest functioning ballistic missile installation in the developing world, located near Jabal Hamzah 62 kilometres (39 mi) west-northwest of Cairo.[1]


After Egypt's defeat in 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Egyptians started the missile program and became interested in ballistic missiles after the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser and the 1956 Suez Crisis, as the importance of ballistic missiles had arisen to infiltrate Israeli airspace.[4][5]

At first, Egypt attempted to acquire ballistic missiles from the Soviet Union but failed and then Egypt depeneded on the indigenous rocket program that was developed by German scientists with German V-2 and Wasserfall rockets and the French Veronique rocket's technology in 1960.[4]

During the late of 1950s, Egypt constructed the Jabal Hamzah ballistic missile facility to conduct test fires.[1]

Chronology of events at Jabal Hamzah ballistic missile facility[]

  • July 1962 - four successful test flights of single stage, liquid fueled rockets of Al Zafir and Al Kahir SRBMs.[4]
  • 23 September 1971 - launch of Al Kahir rocket.[3]
  • 6 October 1973 - launch of Al Kahir rocket.[3]


In 2010, an analysis had been published using satellite imagery from commercial sources that shows between 2001 and 2009, Jabal Hamzah facility experienced an increase in activity and expansion as new constructions took place including a new missile launch pad and horizontal processing building.[1][6][7]

See also[]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Bermudez Jr., Joseph S. (2010). "Pyramid Scheme: Egypt’s Ballistic Missile Test and Launch Facility". pp. 48–52. 
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nti1
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Jabal Hamzah". Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Egypt - Missile". James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  5. Mellen, Cyndi (27 April 2010). "Lessons from Nuclear Reversal: Why States Reverse Ballistic Missile Policy". pp. 13–14. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  6. "Reports have Egypt upgrading ballistic missile facility". 9 February 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  7. Pollack, Joshua (July 2011). "BALLISTIC TRAJECTORY The Evolution of North Korea’s Ballistic Missile Market". Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. p. 416. Digital object identifier:10.1080/10736700.2011.583120. ISSN 1073-6700. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 

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