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Ivar Backlund
Birth name Gustav Ivar Backlund
Born (1892-02-14)14 February 1892
Died 5 July 1969(1969-07-05) (aged 77)
Place of birth Gothenburg, Sweden
Place of death Stockholm, Sweden
Allegiance Sweden
Service/branch Swedish Army
Years of service 1912–1957
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Template:Bulleted list

Lieutenant General Gustav Ivar Backlund (14 February 1892 – 5 July 1969) was a Swedish Army officer. His senior commands include Commandant in Boden Fortress, Chief of the Army Staff and the General Staff Corps. Backlund was also military commander of the VII Military District and head of the Swedish National Defence College.

Career

Backlund was born on 14 February 1892 in Gothenburg, Sweden, the son of Anders Backlund, a phytosanitary inspector, and his wife Thérese Floberg.[1] He passed studentexamen in 1909[2] and was commissioned as an officer in Göta Life Guards (I 2) in 1912 with the rank of underlöjtnant. He attended the Royal Swedish Army Staff College from 1918 to 1920 and served as captain in the General Staff in 1924. Backlund was adjutant to the head of the Ministry of Defence from 1926 to 1928 and served as a general staff officer in the Militärläroverksinspektionen from 1928 to 1933. Backlund was teacher at the Artillery and Engineering College from 1933 to 1937 and was promoted to major in 1934. He was then serving as vice chief of the Military Office of the Land Defence (Lantförsvarets kommandoexpedition) from 1937 to 1939 and he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1937.[3]

Backlund served in Södermanland Infantry Regiment (I 10) in 1939 and the year after he was promoted to colonel and was appointed regimental commander of the Dalarna Regiment (I 13). In 1944, Backlund was appointed Commandant in Boden Fortress and he served as acting deputy military commander of the IV Military District from 1944 to 1946.[3] He was promoted to major general in 1946 and served as Chief of the Army Staff and the General Staff Corps from 1946 to 1948. Backlund was military commander of the VII Military District from 1 October 1948 to 31 March 1955[4] and head of the Swedish National Defence College from 1 April 1955[2] to 1956. He was promoted to lieutenant general in 1957 and retired from the military.[3]

He became chairman of the Swedish Pistol-shooting Association (Svenska pistolskytteförbundet) in 1946 and the Educational Swedish Swimming Association (Svenska livräddningssällskapet) in 1947.[1]

Personal life

In 1935, he married Margareta Troili (born 1904), the daughter of Eilert Troili, an accountant, and Gunhild Behmer.[3]

Dates of rank

Awards and decorations

Swedish

Foreign

Honours

Footnotes

  1. With degree which in Swedish has been designated as Commander.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Harnesk, Paul, ed (1962) (in Swedish). Vem är vem? 1, Stor-Stockholm (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Vem är vem. p. 82. 53509. http://runeberg.org/vemarvem/sthlm62/0106.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 (in Swedish) Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1955. Stockholm: Norstedt. 1955. p. 54. 3681511. http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1955/0078.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Lagerström, Sten, ed (1968) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1969. Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 56. 3681519. http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1969/0072.html. 
  4. Hammarhjelm, Bengt (1999) (in Swedish). Beredskap på Gotland 175 år: 1811-1986 (2nd, ext., plus complementary to 2000 ed.). Visby: Ödin. p. 251. ISBN 91-85716-84-7. 7751982. 
  5. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1955. Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 8. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1955/1276.html. 
  6. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1950. Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1950. p. 9. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1950bih/0009.html. 
  7. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1945. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1945. p. 12. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1945bih/0012.html. 
  8. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1942. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1942. p. 14. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1942bih/0014.html. 
  9. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1955. Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 69. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1955/1337.html. 
  10. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1955. Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 149. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1955/1417.html. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1942. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1942. p. 294. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1942/0294.html. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1942. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1942. p. 310. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1942/0310.html. 
  13. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1935. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1935. p. 353. 
  14. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1947. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1947. p. 111. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1947/0111.html. 
  15. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1950. Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1950. p. 319. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1950/0319.html. 
  16. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1943. Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1943. p. 299. https://books.google.com/books?id=zXM5AQAAIAAJ&q=editions:LCCN07016334&pg=RA1-PA3. 
  17. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1925. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell. 1925. p. 230. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1925/0237.html. 
  18. (in Swedish) Sveriges statskalender för året 1928. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell. 1928. p. 232. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Anders Andén
Dalarna Regiment
1940–1944
Succeeded by
Olof Häger
Preceded by
Gustaf Dyrssen
Commandant in Boden Fortress
1944–1946
Succeeded by
Sven Erik Allstrin
Preceded by
Hugo Gadd
Chief of the Army Staff
General Staff Corps

1946–1948
Succeeded by
Viking Tamm
Preceded by
Samuel Åkerhielm
VII Military District
1948–1955
Succeeded by
Thord Bonde
Preceded by
Thord Bonde
Swedish National Defence College
1955–1956
Succeeded by
Gustaf Adolf Westring

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