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Ivan Egorovich Shevich
Portrait by George Dawe in the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace[1]
Born 1754
Died 4 October 1813
Place of death Leipzig, Prussia
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1772–1813
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Life Guards Hussar Regiment
Wars

Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)
Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792)
Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812)
Patriotic War of 1812
War of the Sixth Coalition

Awards Order of St. George
Order of St. Vladimir
Gold Sword for Bravery
Order of Saint Anna

Ivan Egorovich (Georgievich) Shevich (Russian: Иван Егорович Шевич; 1754–4 October 1813) was a Russian-born Serb nobleman who was one of the leading fighting-generals, and one of the bravest, in the Russian Imperial army under the command of Mikhail Kutuzov and Emperor Alexander I in the war against Napoleonic France. His grandfather, Lieutenant-General Jovan Šević, led Serb colonists from the Habsburg Monarchy to Imperial Russia during the reign of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna.[2] Ivan's victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Borodino in 1813 puts him in the first rank of Russian military heroes. Today his portrait hangs with other generals in the Military Gallery of the 1812 State Hermitage at St. Petersburg.[3][4][5]

Biography

Ivan Shevich was born into a noble Serbian family in Slavo-Serbia in 1754. His father Georgije was the son of Jovan Šević who led the migration of Serbs from the Habsburg Monarchy Military Frontier to Russia. There Ivan spent most of his childhood in Novorossiya, the new name given by Catherine the Great to the territories gained from the Tartars and Turks and settled by Serbs and other co-religionists, Slavs and Vlachs. After completing his training, he entered the Russian military service at the age of 16, becoming a sergeant of the Moscow Legion. Two years later he received the first officer's rank of ensign while serving already in the Illyric Hussars. In 1773, he participated in a campaign in the Crimea, and the following year, in the suppression of a peasant uprising led by Yemelyan Pugachev, where he stood up to this baptism of fire.[2]

As a cavalry officer, he fought the Mountaineers in the Kuban, then against the Ottoman Turks in 1788 at Ochakov, Căuşeni, and Bender (during the "Second Catherine's Turkish War"). In 1794, his cavalry was sent against the Polish Confederates. He became a colonel in 1798 at the age of 44. In October 1799, he was appointed the commander of the Glukhovsky Cuirassier Regiment, but after four months Emperor Paul I asked for his resignation.[citation needed]

Emperor Alexander I, returned Shevich to service in December 1806. The following year Shevich fought the Turks on the Danube, in Wallachia. In actions against the garrison of the Brăila fortress, he commanded a separate detachment. In December of the same 1807, Major General Shevich was appointed a member of the Ministry of War for the Commissariat Expedition. On 28 November 1808, he received the command of the Life Guards Hussar Regiment, which in 1812 was part of the army of Barclay de Tolly.[2]

In the Campaign of 1813, he participated in the battles of Lutzen, Bautzen, and Kulm. For valor shown at Kulm, he was promoted to lieutenant general on 30 August 1813.[2]

He was killed in the Battle of Leipzig on 4 October 1813.[6]

Awards and decorations

See also

References

  1. The State Hermitage. Western European painting. Catalog. 2nd Volume
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Генерал-лейтенант Шевич 1-й Иван Егорович (Георгиевич) (1754–1813)". Тайный Мир.
  3. Portrait of Ivan Yegorovich Shevich (1754-1813). https://www.prlib.ru/en/node/358939. 
  4. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Art works". Hermitage Museum.
  5. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>"Военная галерея. "Традиция", свободная русская энциклопедия". Традиция.
  6. Alexander Mikaberidze (2005). The Russian Officer Corps in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars: 1795-1815. Spellmount. p. 365. ISBN 978-1-86227-269-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=WNtoAAAAMAAJ. 

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