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Ivan Ilich Dolgikh (Russian: Иван Ильич Долгих) (1904 – 1 October 1961) was a Soviet police officer, a notorious torturer, and the head of the Gulag system of labour camps 1951-1954.

Career

A Russian, born in ru (Livensky Uyezd) of Oryol Governorate, and educated at Moscow, Dolgikh joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1931, and was appointed a lieutenant in the NKVD in Kharkiv Oblast in February 1936.[1] According to the former political prisoner, Anton Antonov-Ovseyenko

At work in the Ukraine in 1937 was a certain Lieutenant Ivan Dolgikh. He was famous for the fact that during torture-and-interrogation sessions he made arrested members of the Central Committee drink their own urine. His resourcefulness and zeal in rooting out "enemies" were noticed."[2]

Dolgikh was promoted to the rank of Captain in November 1941, and appointed deputy head of the NKVD in Khabarovsk Krai. In 1945, he was appointed head of the NKVD in Khabarovsk Krai. He was head of Gulag in 1951-54. In May 1954, he led the commission which opened negotiations with prisoners at the Kengir labour camp, in Kazakhstan, who had revolted and taken control of the camp. Dolgikh conceded to some minor demands, including the transfer of prison guards who were particularly hated, whilst forbidding food or medicines to be shipped to the camp.[3] The rebellion was violently suppressed (unarmed people inculing women were crushed by T-34 tanks caterpillars) in June 1954. In 1955-56, Dolgikh was an inspector at the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs.[4] In 1956, shortly after Nikita Khrushchev had denounced the crimes of the Stalin era, in his Secret speech to the 20th Congress of the CPSU. Dolgikh was found guilty of 'flagrant violations of socialist law', sacked, stripped of his rank, and expelled from the Communist Party. He died in 1961.

References

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